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Quantum Democracy

IMAGE: ANDREY SUSLOVSHUTTERSTOCK.COM

Survival is the fundamental component of individual self-interest: you can’t be happy if you are not alive. Even if armed with the Prefrontal neocortex — Nature’s most advanced tool for survival, in the whole process of evolution Homo sapiens never had a viable strategy of individual existence: we can’t run fast enough to escape a cheetah or kill a mammoth for dinner in a one-on-one fight. That explains why all human history is composed of stories about people living in groups.

The above conclusion gives enough ground to define Human Civilization as the spiritual dimension of the Homo sapiens group survival strategy that unleashes the capability of human beings to mutually defend their immediate and strategic self-interest by generating civilizational values. The ultimate existential meaning of an advanced human civilization is to unceasingly secure the continuity and the comprehensiveness of long-term favorable conditions for each individual human being to thrive.

The Genesis of Political Systems

A tribe would not be able to function as a self-organized system in order to achieve its purpose of group survival without a decision-making body and a set of rules that coordinate the activity of tribe’s members in a variety of situations. The decision-making body and the set of rules comprise the political system of the tribe. A primeval tribe would have a chief or a council of elders; a modern sovereign state, as a rule, has a head of state, an executive power — the government, a legislative power — the parliament, a judicial power — the courts, and a set of laws — the legislation. Any new decision and any change of the rules can be consequential for a subset of the tribe’s individual members if it has an impact on their relevant environment. If, for example, you are an importer of automobiles, and the government increases the import duty on cars, you achieve lower than expected profit and might need to consider scaling down your investment projects.

Ultimately, the meaning of a political system is to create and to provide favorable conditions for human individuals to thrive. The earliest evidence of cosmopolitan and egalitarian perception of human beings comes from the third century and is associated with the influential Roman lawyer of Syrian origin Ulpian (170–224). In his book “Ulpian — Pioneer of Human Rights” Tony Honore writes: “Ulpian’s work was in my view rooted in his ideology. The thinking that nourishes it is cosmopolitan and egalitarian. Following on the extension of citizenship by the Antonine Constitution, he expounds Roman law as a law based on the view that all people are born free and equal and that all possess dignity. These three values, freedom, equality, and dignity, are the essential elements of what we now term human rights.” (“Ulpian — Pioneer of Human Rights” Second Edition, Oxford University Press, 2002, p.76). The second notable vision, which is not only about human equality, but also about the meaning of a political system or a government, is embodied in the American Declaration of Independence: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. — That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, — That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to affect their Safety and Happiness.” The political system serves this purpose through managing a part of the tribe’s resources, which in the case of a sovereign state is mainly the national budget. The national budget is essentially composed of taxes; taxes are the “management fee” which citizens and companies pay to a group of people working in the government for organizing people’s life together.

In a society with a diverse composition, politics is about the balance of representing multiple individual self-interests. Democracy is the condition where the agenda of the political system represents the interests of the majority of members of the tribe — the people. In reality, it doesn’t matter how the condition of democracy has been achieved — you can have, theoretically, a military coup d’état that brings to power a government following a democratic agenda; you can have a council of the elders, or even a dictator ruling a country to the effect of representing the interest of the majority of citizens. The advance of AI and other information technologies (such as the already broadly used Euro Agora — Consensual Debating for Consensual Democracy https://euro-agora.sustensis.co.uk/consensual-debating-for-all-levels-of-governance/ ) already makes possible for sophisticated algorithms to provide governance solutions much more precise to the extent of including the interests of the minority voters — AI can maximize the aggregate political support of all the political parties concerned with regard to their share in the voting results. On the other hand, you can have a government in power as a result of a clean democratic procedures and after fair elections that does not represent the interest of the people: this is the case of the “puppet” governments working for foreign interests, or corrupted governments working solely for the interests of a small segment of the society while discriminating other major groups of citizens.

The above criteria for democracy largely sideline the significance of the political philosophy discussions about liberal, conservative, neoliberal, neoconservative, Marxist, communist, anarchist, etc. For the same reason, the role of the so called “political elites” in designing better government policies for the prosperity of a country needs to be re-assessed. In many cases the “political elites” represent a category without clear legal meaning and people with political experience who in many cases are self-proclaimed as belonging to that category.

The principles of political democracy, as outlined in the American Declaration of Independence, can work efficiently in a real politics government of a tribe only if each one of the citizens voting in the elections are fully aware of their intrinsic individual self-interest. Unclear vision about how a political party’s program, if eventually materialized as an incumbent government agenda, would project on your individual plans and ambitions, could distort both the bigger picture of functional democracy and the prospects of your personal success. Contemporary mass media and social networks have enhanced capacities to blur and misrepresent the essence of commercials and political information in order to induce behavior that complies with their sponsors’ goals. Politically active “zombies”, who cannot represent their intrinsic self-interest, are incapacitated to constitute a democracy. This makes the issue of preserving the clear awareness of one’s immediate and long-term self-interest as the core of individual brain autonomous sovereignty intact a systemic condition for a democracy to function for its genuine purpose.

Quantum democracy

The perception of the human being as a quantum of Humanity provides new approaches to studies and analysis of the complex relationship between the individual, the society, and the universe. Among the great minds who were guided by a similar concept are Albert Einstein: “A human being is a part of the whole called by us universe, a part limited in time and space. He experiences himself, his thoughts and feeling as something separated from the rest, a kind of optical delusion of his consciousness. This delusion is a kind of prison for us, restricting us to our personal desires and to affection for a few persons nearest to us. Our task must be to free ourselves from this prison by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole of nature in its beauty.”, as well as Nikola Tesla, Quotes.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2021. Web. 11 Jul 2021, and Jane Goodall.

In the Quantum Democracy approach, the political system functions as a set of entanglements between every individual citizen and the government. Suppose, in a simplified example, that you are an owner of a company with two undergraduate kids and your wife has diabetes. Based on your idiosyncratic condition, the following three areas of government policies might be recognized by you as relevant: corporate taxes, higher education, and government support for people with chronic diseases. Any change in the governance policies and the legislation in those areas can affect your condition: positively, if corporate taxes are cut, or support for education and for medical services, or negatively in opposite developments. This is how your government influences your life and forms your opinion on government policies. Also, during the political campaigns before the next elections, you read the political programs of the politicians competing for your vote, compare their intentions in the above three areas, calculate who you find best for the next government, and vote for him. That is how you are important for the democratic process and how you are relevant to the politicians. This completes the entanglement chain as a two-way communication channel between you and the government. If we consider the idiosyncratic condition of your single neighbor, who is a truck driver, for example, his idiosyncratic condition may lead to different relevant areas of government policies, and, respectively, to a different favorite politician in the coming elections.

Now imagine an advanced version of the Quantum Democracy: you, like every other citizen in the country, are in continuous dialogue-type entanglement with your government via a permanent communications system. This connection is dynamic — if a significant component of your individual idiosyncratic condition changes, you are able to update at any time the preferences of your input for the government to consider. In this case, the government must be assisted by a powerful AI system that processes in real-time the input of every single citizen and that is able to periodically redesigns its policies to match the optimal solutions with respect to the majority of subsets and severity of the issue. Of course, in the process, the integrity and the general consistency of the national legislation, economy, security, and budget have to be preserved. From the point of view of human rights, it is necessary to note that the autonomous character and the sovereign decision-making by every citizen through her unmediated input of own individual idiosyncratic condition represents the highest degree of protection of human rights, political freedom, and human dignity. Thus, the complete set of dynamic individual entanglements of all citizens which interact directly with the government, and indirectly with each other through the government, together with the government body assisted with advanced AI technologies, becomes a powerful democracy machine programmed to function as a dynamic self-organized autonomous system where the “government” body provides the maximum aggregate degree of satisfaction for all the citizens within the objective restrictions of the nation’s resources. Quantum Democracy would radically change the role of what we today call “politicians” by probably introducing for them a new focus — on visionary ideas for the future of human society to be evaluated by the strategic department of the AI government. Among other benefits, Quantum Democracy will eliminate the “noise” of intermediary agencies between the citizens and their government decision-making body, will eradicate corruption, will probably remove, except for strategic planning, the disruptive nuisance of elections that break the continuity and the integrity of long term political or economic projects, and, most importantly, will not allow unrepresented interests in the human society, or anyone to be left behind.

A promising trend in the research of the future of democracy is a comprehensive quantum structure composed of Decentralized Autonomous Organizations (DAO). A DAO is an organization controlled and defined by a system of smart contracts operating on a decentralized infrastructure to leverage human, AI and automation-based inputs within the contract’s framework. The DAO conceptually solves an age-old dilemma, known as the principal-agent dilemma. The principal-agent dilemma is a trust-based problem in which a centralized hierarchy, where a minority is responsible to control a majority, creates an environment for the exploitation of workers, stakeholders and the public that do not have any (or limited) vote or control. History is replete with examples in which the controlling organizational management, board, council or even shareholders acted against the interests of workers, minority shareholders or the public. The DAO, built using a blockchain-based infrastructure, fundamentally solves the principal-agent dilemma. It can alter the incentive mechanisms so that no member of management, no board member, no small group of people or entity can take unfair advantage of the organization. In this way DAO could become the modern version of a tribe with optimized and harmonized relations among the participating human agencies.

Even if DAOs can become the “fair” system of how human tribes function, the major problem — the existential risks present within the area of the relations among conflicting tribes remains unsolved. In that respect, most probably the positive future of human civilization might be functioning on a sophisticated interplay of Quantum technology and Blockchain-based DAOs, with Artificial Intelligence in charge of aligning the hierarchy of the overall system with the fundamental human values.

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Lubomir Todorov PhD

Lubomir Todorov PhD

is researcher and lecturer in future studies, anthropology, artificial intelligence, and geopolitics; founder of the Universal Future civilizational strategy.

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