Bob Berwyn
Published in
6 min readMar 1, 2020


Mono Voices

Mono Lake, November 2019.

It’s easy to be disheartened when some environmental battles seem to go on forever, often at a one-step-forward, two-steps-back pace. The current effort to limit global warming is a great example.

Just a year after the jubilance of the Paris Climate Climate agreement, it all seemed to fall apart again.The U.S. election shook the global climate effort to its core and seemed to spur what felt like a strengthening global anti-science movement — an “endarkenment,” as it’s been called, perhaps the last stand of the industrial fossil fuel oligarchy that has more or less had its way for the past 100 years.

But a little closer look at recent environmental history tells a happier story. In places where people and communities work together and respect to each other, where they listen to each other, to their hearts and conscience, we see progress. The ongoing effort to restore and protect Mono Lake and its tributaries is a great example.

Desert water.

Last autumn, we talked to several people who have dedicated thousands of hours and more to that effort, in some cases, entire careers. In other cases, that sense of connection to place, and the passion to preserve it, are being passed down through generations.

We visited bird-nesting areas and hiked with restoration ecologists along freshwater streams. where ecosystems are springing back to life in a riot of biodiversity, after being disrupted and nearly killed by water diversions in the 1940s.

In the 1970s, people realized how much was at stake. They banded together and rose up. They formed the Mono Lake Committee, with thousands of members. They insisted on protection, showed how that can be done without hurting people and then set out to spread that message to as many people as would listen. By the early 1980s, the legal system saw it similarly. A California Supreme Court ruling set the framework for institutional protections that were finalized 10 years later.

Rush Creek and Mono Lake, October 2019.

Don’t give up

Persistence pays off. I was a Mono Lake Committee intern in the mid-1980s, scrambling for preservation day by day, counting fish in the newly rewatered streams to make sure courts wouldn’t allow the diversion dams to be raised again.That’s when I first met Janet Carle, the central voice in our video, and her husband, Dave Carle.The couple spent nearly their entire working life as state park rangers around Mono Lake, advocating for its protection and reaching thousands of people.

More than 30 years later, the Mono Basin ecosystem is persisting. The feeder streams are carving new channels and depositing sediments along the lakeshore. Big spring runoff flows re-adjusting the very shape of the land on a daily basis, as mountain water seeks a path through the high desert.

The lake itself is a giant round mirror of slippery, fecund brine. The water supports an ecosystem of algae, insects and shrimp that, gallon for gallon, is more productive than the ocean. It’s a biological soup that feeds millions of birds, including species that make extreme flights as they connect two hemispheres, migrating from the Arctic to South America.

There are not a lot of places that can replace Mono Lake as a refueling stop on this global avian highway, so if it dies, it will affect the global web of life nearly from pole to pole.

Mono Lake is still threatened, especially by global warming, but it was able to survive through California’s most extreme recorded drought during the mid-2010s. Without the mandated lake level and stream flow rules, Mono Lake most likely would have died during that hot drought. In between came a few years of extreme snow and rain, which challenges the sustainability of the ecosystem in different ways.

The preservation effort has buffered some of the impacts, but the worst may be yet to come. Climate science tells us that extreme droughts lasting decades are not all that rare in the West, especially during times of rapid climate change. That means that the protections plans will have to be updated to reflect the realities of a new climate.

Human-caused global warming will be the next big test for Mono Lake, and we already know what human-caused drought can do to the Mono Basin, as Janet Carle says in the video. We all need to care.

Lake life.
Mountain streams course through deserts, draining into a salty inland sea.

Think global, act local

You also have to see what appear to be “local” environmental battles in a global context. Global warming is a planetary issue. No one country can solve it on its own, it has to be a global solution. If the planet doesn’t get it together on climate, Mono Lake is probably doomed, and it might be one of the smaller concerns.

There are encouraging signs. Just in the past year, there’s been a huge surge in global climate activism, with millions of people around the world participating in #FridaysForFuture climate strikes that has definitely moved the political needle in some countries.

On a more local level, environmental activists in the UK won a huge court victory just last week, blocking construction of a climate-damaging new runway at London’s Heathrow Airport, and an expansion of tar sands mining in Western Canada seems to be on ice after widespread and widely publicized protests against a pipeline related to the project.

Climate scientists talk a lot about intensifying feedbacks, but the same dynamics can work similarly on a social and political level. Rewind the clock to the early 1980s, when Germany’s anti-nuclear protesters developed a prototypical vision for a future full of windmills and solar power, and coalesced into a national political force — one of world’s first Green Parties.

Now, riding the energy from 2019’s massive wave of climate strike protests, Germany’s Green Party is surging again. In a weekly poll, the Greens trail the first-place conservative Christian Democratic Union by only a couple of percentage points, within the margin of error for the poll, and with the old mainstream parties seemingly unable to address the climate crisis, maybe the Green Party can take the lead.

There are other great examples of how environmental activism can suceed. One of my favorite ones I learned about only recently, since spending time along the Danube River in Vienna. About the same time I helped the Mono Lake Committee establish protections in California, activists in Austria occupied a riverside forest to prevent construction of a new dam.

They stayed until the government vetoed the project. Today, the area is a protected national park. Yes, we have to keep fighting these battles to to protect things that are clearly so important.




Bob Berwyn

Writer, pixel slinger & world citizen. Climate, water, forests, wildlife, global awareness. Dad, skier, traveler, muffin-maker. Find your fire and phoenix.