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8+ Flawless Programming Languages For Web Development

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New programming languages and technologies are introduced every year, which can make it difficult to determine the best languages to learn and the best tools to use when focusing on web development.

If you’re interested in web development, it’s important to know what languages are out there. Not all languages are created equal, and each has its own purpose and specialty that might better fit your project than another language would.

Below we’ll go over the top 10 languages to use for web development along with some of their strengths and weaknesses so you can figure out which one might be best for your needs.

Top Programming Languages For Web Development

1. Java

Popular Java Versions (Image Source: JRebel)

Java is a general-purpose, class-based, concurrent, object-oriented computer programming language that is specially designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.

It is intended to let application developers write once and run anywhere (WORA), meaning that code that runs on one platform does not need to be recompiled to run on another.

Java applications are typically compiled to bytecode (class file) that can run on any Java virtual machine (JVM) regardless of computer architecture.

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Pros Of Using Java

Secure: With Java, you can create virus-free, tamper-free systems. Java’s Authentication techniques are based on public-key encryption.

Portable: Java is designed to be platform-independent, which means that applications written in Java can run on any system that has a JVM.

Architecture-neutral: Java was designed to be platform-independent, meaning that it is not tied to any specific hardware or operating system.

Multithreaded: Threads are different parts of a program that can run concurrently, and Java has excellent support for multithreading. This allows developers to create programs that can do multiple things at the same time more easily.

Cons Of Using Java

Performance: High-level languages are slower than low-level languages because they go through an interpreter or a virtual machine, while low-level languages are compiled into machine code that the processor can understand.

Memory management: In Java, memory is managed automatically by the JVM through a process called garbage collection. However, developers have no control over when this process runs, and sometimes it can cause pauses in program execution which can be annoying to users.

Not suitable for mobile development: Java is not ideal for mobile development because it is more memory-intensive than languages like Objective-C or Swift.

2. JavaScript

At its heart, JavaScript is a scripting language that allows you to program behaviors in Web browsers and even beyond. In essence, it enables you to extend HTML and create interactive websites with animation, forms, buttons, and data validation.

It’s particularly useful because of how ubiquitous it is on websites — for example; nearly all modern browsers can execute JavaScript without plug-ins. That means that if you learn JavaScript, you’ll be able to create applications across many different types of devices from a single code base.

Additionally, Microsoft has created a .NET-based variant called TypeScript that compiles down into JavaScript so it will work in any browser or platform.

Pros Of Using JavaScript

Rich Interfaces: JavaScript can be used to create interfaces that are more interactive and user-friendly. This is because JavaScript allows you to create things like drop-down menus and form validation.

Increased Functionality: By using JavaScript, you can add extra functionality to your website that would not be possible with HTML alone. For example, you can utilize it to create maps, games, and whole new user experiences.

Server Load: JavaScript can be used to load new content onto a page without having to reload the entire page. This means that your website will be swifter and use fewer resources, which is great for both users and search engines.

Cons Of Using JavaScript

Security Issues: Because JavaScript is a client-side scripting language, it means that the code is executed on the user’s computer. This can be a security risk as malicious code can be injected into websites to steal information or damage computers.

Browser Compatibility Issues: As with CSS, different browsers can interpret JavaScript differently. This can lead to issues with how a website is displayed or how certain features work.

3. HTML

The Hypertext Markup Language, or HTML, is arguably a web developer’s most basic skill. Whether you’re building a simple webpage or designing an intricate template from scratch, HTML will be your primary tool.

Knowing how to code your own pages allows you to customize every part of it — everything from font size and color to image positioning and size are under your control.

You can also add scripting elements that allow users to interact with your content in unique ways. For example, adding onclick= opens up all kinds of possibilities: If someone clicks on a photo of you online, it could link back to your professional website or contact information.

Pros Of Using HTML

Can be read by any browser: Any web browser can read HTML files and render them into visible or audible web pages. This means that once an HTML file is created, it can be viewed on any type of computer or device that has a browser.

Lightweight: HTML files are very small in size, making them quick to download and easy to work with.

Loose syntax: The syntax (grammar) of HTML is not as strict as that of other programming languages. This means that there are fewer rules to remember when coding in HTML, and it is relatively easy to learn.

Cons Of Using HTML

Browser-specific codes: While most browsers can read HTML, different browsers interpret certain codes differently. This can cause issues with how a webpage is displayed on various browsers.

Incorrect use of tags: If tags are not used correctly, it can result in the webpage not being displayed correctly.

4. Python

Image Source: BoTree Technologies

From finance to data science, Python is one of today’s most commonly used languages. It combines logical syntax with dynamic typing and can be used in a variety of industries.

And thanks to its unique ability to optimize programs while they run, Python also runs some of today’s fastest websites in addition to being great for business applications.

In addition, it has an incredibly large library of pre-built libraries that are readily available for any developer who needs them.

Pros Of Using Python

Vast Libraries Support: Python comes with a huge number of inbuilt libraries that provide a rich set of modules and functions to be used by programmers for developing fast and robust applications.

Easy To Learn And Code: Python is one of the easiest languages to learn and code. It uses simple English keywords which are easy to remember as compared to other languages like Java, C++, etc.

Portability: Python can run on a wide variety of hardware platforms and has the same interface on all platforms.

High-Level Language: It is considered a high-level language because it abstracts the code implementation details, thus providing a greater focus on functionality.

Cons Of Using Python

Underdeveloped Database Access Layers: Compared to technologies like JDBC and ODBC, Python’s database access layers are still underdeveloped.

Underpowered String Handling: Python’s string implementation isn’t as powerful or complete as Java’s. This can make some tasks more problematic than they should be.

Slow Speed: Python is an interpreted language, and thus, it is slower than compiled languages like C and C++.

If, for web development, you picked Python technology, then hire Python developers. This will help you make comprehensive use of this technology, and ultimately you will be able to form a unique web app.

5. CSS

CSS is a language used to add styling and layouts to a website or any other HTML document. It is commonly used with JavaScript and makes it easier to create awesome-looking websites by taking care of all of the repetitive code required.

While CSS can make a huge difference in your website, it can be very difficult to learn at first due to its rather confusing syntax. But once you start using it more and more, everything starts coming together, and before you know it, you will be writing awesome code like an expert!

Pros Of Using CSS

Consistent Design: CSS can be used to create a consistent design across all web pages on a website. This means that you only need to make changes in one place, and they will be reflected across the entire site.

Makes Pages Load Faster: CSS helps reduce the size of HTML files by separating the content from the presentation. This means that fewer data ought to be downloaded when a webpage is loaded, which can make pages load faster.

Allows for Different Media Types: CSS can be used to style different types of media, such as images and text. This allows you to create websites that look great on any device, whether it’s a computer, phone, or tablet.

Cons Of Using CSS

Difficult To Learn: The syntax of CSS can be very confusing, especially for beginners. It takes a lot of practice to get the hang of it, and even then, you might still make mistakes.

Browser Compatibility Issues: Due to the way different browsers interpret CSS, there can be issues with how a website is displayed on different browser types.

6. SQL

If you know SQL, then it’s easy to work with a database. Whether that database is on your desktop computer or on a cloud platform like Amazon Web Services (AWS), having knowledge of SQL will allow you to interact with databases in a smooth and efficient manner.

To build dynamic web applications, you need to be able to manage data as part of your projects. SQL is one language that’s necessary when it comes to data management. The syntax may look a little intimidating at first, but once you get into it, SQL becomes very powerful.

You can use SQL to retrieve specific records from a database based on different criteria, such as an ID number or date range. You can also use it to update information within a table and even create new tables. The possibilities are endless!

Pros Of Using SQL

Faster Query Processing: SQL can help speed up the process of query processing as it can be used to retrieve specific data from a database.

Easier Data Management: SQL can make data management tasks easier as it can be used to create new tables and update information within existing tables.

Interactive Language: The syntax of SQL may look a little intimidating at first, but once you get into it, SQL becomes a very powerful and interactive language.

Cons Of Using SQL

Security Issues: As with any language that deals with databases, SQL can be a security risk if not used properly.

Not Portable: SQL is not a portable language, which means it can only be used on certain platforms.

No Looping Constructs: SQL does not have any looping constructs, which can make it difficult to write.

7. PHP

Image Source: Excellent WebWorld

The most widely used open-source language in both client and server-side web applications, PHP has a long history and is currently owned by Oracle. Originally created in 1994 by Rasmus Lerdorf, PHP gained popularity in 2003 when it was used to create Mambo.

It’s simple, doesn’t require complex configuration, and integrates well with various databases such as MySQL. It’s also easy to learn because of its loose syntax rules, though it can also be quite challenging as there are some complicated concepts that are essential to fully understand before you’re able to move forward.

So if you want to develop your website using PHP, get connected with the best PHP Development Company in India to hire PHP Developers.

Pros Of Using PHP

Security: With the latest release of PHP, a number of security improvements have been made that make it a more secure language to use.

Flexibility: PHP is a flexible language that can be used for everything from small personal projects to large enterprise applications.

Good Performance: PHP has good performance thanks to its efficient memory management and its ability to take advantage of server-side caching.

Cons Of Using PHP

Not type-safe: Unlike C#, PHP is not a type-safe language, which means that you can’t declare variables with a specific data type. This can lead to errors if you try to use a variable of the wrong data type.

Bad error handling: Another downside of PHP is that it has bad error handling, which can make it difficult to debug your code.

8. C#

Despite its general aim of being a portable language, C# is still popular with Windows users. This means it’s usually easier to find and get help with C# if you run into any issues, as well as have access to a range of libraries designed specifically for Windows.

But its main advantage is that it’s similar enough to other major languages (Java and C++) that programmers can easily switch from one to another without having to learn anything new, meaning it can serve as a solid foundation in general coding skills.

Pros Of Using C#

Automatic Garbage Collection: C# automatically manages memory, which means you don’t have to worry about deleting objects or freeing up memory yourself.

Type-Safe: C# is a type-safe language, which means that you can declare variables with a specific data type, and the compiler will check to make sure you only use that data type.

Exception Handling: C# has built-in exception handling, which helps to prevent errors from crashing your program.

Cons Of Using C#

Poor x-platform GUI: While C# is a portable language, it doesn’t have a great x-platform GUI. This means that if you want to make a cross-platform application, you’ll likely need to use another language for the GUI.

Not as Popular: C# isn’t as popular as some other languages, which can make it harder to find help and resources if you run into any issues.

9. Go

The Go Programming Language is an open-source software program that was designed to help programmers develop programs more efficiently. The primary aim of developing go was to help make it easier to create tools that offer good performance.

It has managed to be successful in its endeavor, which can be attributed to a number of factors, including extensive support from Google and several other technology companies, its elegant syntax, powerful features, and fast compilation time.

An added advantage of using Go is that it offers three ways of delivering code: as a standalone binary file, as well as installed or bundled with another application. This makes it flexible when you want your application to be offered on different platforms or by different means.

Pros Of Using Go

Faster execution: Go is a compiled language, which means that it can be executed faster than interpreted languages.

Comprehensive tool: Go comes with a comprehensive tool that can be used to develop, test, and deploy your code.

Efficient garbage collection: Go has an efficient garbage collector that reclaims memory when it’s no longer needed.

Cons Of Using Go

Lack of generics: One of the downsides of using Go is that it doesn’t have generics, which means you can’t create functions that work with multiple data types.

Lack of GUI toolkits: Another downside of Go is that it doesn’t have any GUI toolkits, which can make it difficult to create graphical user interfaces.

Ending Words

So these were some of the best programming languages for web development. PHP, Java, and Go are three of the most popular languages, while C# is a good option if you’re looking for something that’s not as widely used.

Whichever language you choose, make sure you’re familiar with the basics before moving on to more complex concepts.

And if you’re ever stuck, don’t hesitate to ask for help from an experienced developer, or you can simply hire developers from a reliable web development company. They will help you sort things out and get you back on track.

Happy coding! :)

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Amyra Sheldon

I am a tech enthusiast, project manager and a passionate writer with digital thinking. I write about latest technologies ie Blockchain, IoT, AI for ValueCoders.