A React Native Sound Recorder and Player NPM Package
Breaking up Project Functionality into Separate NPM Packages
A project that I’ve diligently worked on for several months had finally gotten to a point that I was ready to bolt in yet another piece of functionality. It was time to give my creation the ability to record and play back sound.
My project is built using expo.io, and they provide documentation of their Audio API along with a Github repo containing an example project that can be run using the expo app. With such a good foundation to work with, I diligently and methodically began to include the code from the example into my own project.
This approach was successful, but I began to realize that I was adding a significant piece of mostly independent functionality to an existing project at the cost of flexibility and testability. Flexibility would suffer because I would have to repeat the process if I wanted to add the same capability to a new project. Testability would deteriorate because I was already integrating this functionality in a non-functional manner by connecting it to my redux store and implementing every other good idea that popped in my head.
So, why not pull this capability out as an NPM package that would take some inputs, and provide me the audio clip information that I wanted? This would provide the testability that I desired, give me a ton of reuseability, and scope my work in by minimizing the number of input and output points that would connect to the final product.
First, I determined that all I really needed was a screen (or page, or whatever other metaphor you prefer) on which the user could push a button to start recording sound, push a button to stop recording sound, and then play, pause, stop, and replay said sound.
This UI would interact with the sample code provided in the expo.io documentation to actually performed the recording and playback.
Additionally, the UI would also require buttons to reset the audio clip in case the user wasn’t satisfied with it, and a button to do something when the user completed their task. This could be as simple as going back to the previous page. This leads into the final requirement; the package should return something allowing the calling component to get information about the completed sound clip. Since the expo documentation shows that a successful recording results in a file saved to the device, my goal would be to pass relevant file information back to the calling parent component via a callback function.
Beginning with those desired ends in mind, I started creating the foundation of my NPM package. Thanks to previous experience with my react-native-webview-braintree and react-native-webview-quilljs projects, I developed the following process for creating a project ready to turn into an NPM package.
First I created a blank project in Expo. This results in a working application along with an
App.js file containing a react-native component called
App to act as the “frame” for the component to be published. The
App component renders the
SoundRecorder component that will be the published product. One upside to using this technique is that I’ll get a working application out of it that can be easily shared via the expo client.
App component also passes the relevant props to the
SoundRecorder component like so.
The list of props shown above is not comprehensive; see the documentation here for the full list of available props.
The only required prop is a callback function that receives the recorded sound information from
SoundRecorder. In addition to receiving the sound information, the callback also provides the ability for the calling component (in this case
App) to perform some follow on action with the information that
SoundRecorder provides. This action could be navigating to a different page, writing to a redux store, a UI change, etc. The great part is that
SoundRecorder doesn’t care; its job is complete once it provides the sound file information to the calling component. Once the
SoundRecorder completes its task, it executes the following
onComplete callback function.
As previously stated, I heavily relied on the expo.io Audio SDK example application. The repository for that location is located on GitHub here. I added some customization to dictate the status of the record and play buttons. This involved setting component state variables to mandate conditional rendering of said buttons.
Finally, the ability to press a button and reset the recording was added as a convenience, as well as a button to finish the process so that the passed callback function can be called.
The final result can be seen below. Unfortunately, one limitation of the audio SDK means that I can’t record the sound of the app recording sound, so you’ll have to take my word that it does actually capture and playback audio.
Overall, I like the idea of separating out monolithic functionality into a separate NPM package. It supports separation of concerns and testability. It also helps me eat the elephant one bite at a time.
It also presents the opportunity to contribute to and receive input from a community of user to potentially create a better product.
The final results of this project are hosted on in the react-native-sound-recorder-no-native repo on GitHub which also contains NPM installation and usage instructions.
You can scan the following QR code to run this app if you have the expo.io client installed on your Android or iOS device:
This component was successfully tested on an Android and iPhone.