How KM can support Building Information Modeling (BIM) for facility management

RealKM Magazine
Nov 8, 2018 · 5 min read

K-BIM for facility management

An earlier (2014) conference paper[2] goes further by proposing knowledge-based Building Information Modeling (K-BIM) for facilities management.

  • Emergency preparedness and business continuity — Emergency and risk management plans and procedures
  • Environmental stewardship and sustainability — Sustainable management of built and natural environments
  • Finance and business — Strategic plans, budgets, financial analyses, procurement
  • Human factors — Health, protection of environment, security, employee development
  • Leadership and strategy — Strategic planning, organizing, staff management, leading the organization
  • Operations and maintenance — Building operations and maintenance, occupant services
  • Project management — Oversight and management of all projects and related contracts
  • Quality — Best practices, process improvements, audits and measurements
  • Real estate and property management — Real estate planning, acquisition, and disposal
  • Technology — Facility management technology, workplace management systems.
Concept map of K-BIM framework for facility management
Concept map of K-BIM framework for facility management
Figure 1 (click to enlarge). Concept map of K-BIM framework for facility management (source: Charlesraj 2014).
  • K-BIM component — Consists of the BIM models of the constructed facilities and the associated standards such as the United States National Building Information Model Standard. These are managed by the BIM managers. The data/information present in the models depends heavily on the knowledgebase as they are context-specific. Whenever there is a request for information from any stakeholder, the knowledgebase is referred to before returning a result. The data/information present in the BIM models is primarily knowledge-driven rather than information-dependent. Hence, this becomes the crucial component of the proposed K-BIM.
  • Stakeholder interface component — Various stakeholders involved in the project/facility, especially facility managers, should use this interface to interact with the K-BIM for problem-solving or decision-making. Based on the context of the query, the K-BIM returns appropriate information derived from the knowledgebase that would facilitate the competency development of the manager as well as better facility management.
  1. Charlesraj, V. P. C. (2014, January). Knowledge-based building information modeling (K-BIM) for facilities management. In ISARC. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction (Vol. 31, p. 1). Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Department of Construction Economics & Property.

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