Not All Halliburtons are Oil Baron Profiteering Cowards
“Loyalty, duty, integrity, fortitude, and courage, these most basic qualities, are not imbued in a name; but rather, they are taught, carried down from generation to generation, from father to son. Unfortunately, for some, the lesson is never learned, but for those that it is learned, these most sacred values can only be broken on punishment of death.” — Kent Allen Halliburton
The Battle of Culloden Moor
The Battle of Culloden, or in Scottish Gaelic, Blàr Chùil Lodair, was the final confrontation of the Jacobite rising of 1745, or Scottish War for Independence, and part of a religious civil war in Britain. On April 16, 1746, the Jacobite forces of Prince Charles Edward Stuart were defeated by loyalist troops commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, near the town of Inverness in the Scottish Highlands. Queen Anne died in 1714, with no living children; she was the last monarch of the House of Stuart. Under the terms of the Act of Settlement of 1701, she was succeeded by her second cousin George I of the House of Hanover, who was a descendant of the Stuarts through his maternal grandmother, Elizabeth, a daughter of James VI and I. The Hanoverian victory at Culloden halted the Jacobite intent to overthrow the House of Hanover and restore the House of Stuart to the Scottish throne; Charles Stuart never again tried to challenge Hanoverian power. The conflict was also the last pitched battle ever fought on British soil.
Charles Stuart’s Jacobite army consisted largely of Catholics and Episcopalians, mainly Scots but with a small detachment of Englishmen from the Manchester Regiment. The Jacobites were supported and supplied by the Kingdom of France and by Irish and Scots units in the French service. A composite battalion of infantry, Irish Picquets, comprising detachments from each of the regiments of the Irish Brigade, plus one squadron of Irish in the French army, served at the battle alongside the regiment of Royal Scots, or Royal Ecossais, raised the previous year to support the Stuart claim. The British Government, Hanoverian loyalist forces, were mostly Protestants, English, along with a significant number of Scottish Lowlanders and Highlanders, loyal to the Crown, a battalion of Ulstermen, and some Hessians from Germany, as well as, some Austrians. The quick and bloody battle on Culloden Moor was over in less than an hour when, after an unsuccessful Highland charge against the government lines, the Jacobites were routed and driven from the field.
Between 1,500 and 2,000 Jacobites were killed or wounded in the brief battle. Government losses were lighter with fifty dead and two-hundred and fifty-nine wounded although recent geophysical studies on the government burial pit suggest the figure for deaths to be nearer three hundred. The battle, and its aftermath, continue to arouse strong feelings. The University of Glasgow awarded Cumberland an honorary doctorate, but many modern commentators allege that the aftermath of the battle and subsequent crackdown on Jacobitism were brutal, and earned Cumberland the sobriquet “Butcher of Culloden.” Efforts were subsequently taken to further integrate the comparatively wild Highlands into the Kingdom of Great Britain, civil penalties were introduced to weaken Gaelic culture and attack the Scottish clan system. These efforts, though mildly successful, were ultimately unsuccessful in quelling the clan system and Scotland’s desire for independence. The movement just took a different form, in that, it entered Great Britain’s political spectrum.
Halliburton Energy and Oil Services
The Halliburton Company, an American multinational corporation, is one of the world’s largest oil field service companies, with operations in more than 80 countries. It owns hundreds of subsidiaries, affiliates, branches, brands, and divisions worldwide and employs approximately 70,000 people. The company has dual headquarters located in Houston and in Dubai, where Chairman and CEO David Lesar works and resides to, in his words, “focus the company’s Eastern Hemisphere Growth.” The company remains incorporated in the United States.
Halliburton’s major business segment is the Energy Services Group, or ESG. ESG provides technical products and services for petroleum and natural gas exploration and production. Halliburton’s former subsidiary, Kellogg, Brown, and Root, or KBR, is a major construction company of refineries, oil fields, pipelines, and chemical plants. Halliburton announced on April 5, 2007 that it had sold the division and severed its corporate relationship with KBR, which had been its contracting, engineering, and construction unit as a part of the company. The company has been involved in numerous controversies, including the Deepwater Horizon explosion, for which it agreed to settle outstanding legal claims against it by paying litigants $1.1 billion. As of August 1, 2014, Jeff Miller was promoted to President of Halliburton reporting directly to Dave Lesar.
In 1919, Erle P. Halliburton started the New Method Oil Well Cementing Company. In 1920, he brought a wild gas well under control, using cement, for W.G. Skelly, near Wilson, Oklahoma. On March 1, 1921, the Halliburton method and means of excluding water from oil wells was assigned a patent from the U.S. Patent Office. Halliburton invented the revolutionary cement jet mixer, to eliminate hand-mixing of cement, and the measuring line, a tool used to guarantee cementing accuracy. By 1922, the Halliburton Oil Well Cementing Company, HOWCO, was prospering from the Mexia, Texas oil boom, having cemented its 500th well in late summer. In 1924, the company was incorporated in Delaware, with fifty-six people on its payroll. The stock of the corporation was owned by Erle and Vida Halliburton and by seven major oil companies, Magnolia, Texas, Gulf, Humble, Sun, Pure, and Atlantic.
In 1926, its first foreign venture began with the sale of equipment to Burma and India. Throughout the 1930s and 1940s, Halliburton continued cementing across America. In 1938, Halliburton cemented its first offshore well using a truck on a barge off the Louisiana coast. In 1940, Halliburton opened offices in Venezuela and introduced bulk handling of cementing to the industry. In 1947, the Halliburton Company put its first marine cementing vessel into service.
In 1951, Halliburton first appeared in Europe as Halliburton Italiana SpA, a wholly owned subsidiary in Italy. Over the next seven years, Halliburton launched Halliburton Company Germany GmbH, set up operations in Argentina, and established a subsidiary in England. By 1951, HOWCO had service centers operating in Canada, Venezuela, Peru, Colombia, Saudi Arabia, and Indonesia. Halliburton revenues topped $100 million for the first time in 1952. Erle P. Halliburton died in Los Angeles in 1957. HOWCO was at that time worth $190 million with camps all over the world. The same year, HOWCO purchased Welex, which pioneered jet perforation. Otis Engineering, an oil field service and equipment company specializing in manufacturing pressure control equipment for oil and gas producing wells, was acquired in 1959.
“I am Kent, Son of Katherine, Daughter of Raymond, Son of Joseph, Son of Thomas, Son of Westley, Son of Ambrose, Son of William, Son of David, Jr., Son of David, Sr., Son of John, of Clan Halliburton, Friends to Clan Home, a direct descendant of the last Halliburton, Sir John Halliburton, to hold the title, Lord Halliburton, Baron of Tweed at Newmains-upon-the-Tweed.” — Kent Allen Halliburton
Since the 1950s, Halliburton has expanded its revenues into the billions, hired its own private military force to protects it assets overseas, and secured contracts to supply the machinery for oil extraction in both Iraq and Afghanistan, both targets of George Bush’s War on Terror, accompanied by former Haliburton CEO, Dick Cheney. One must speak clearly and soundly, however, that Halliburton Energy and Oil Services does not speak for all Halliburtons. There are many Halliburtons who are just as caught up in the day to day doldrums of survival as any other person, and they do not deserve to be tagged with a negative stigma just because they have a name that is attached to a company that has made a negative name for itself by going so far as to assisting in the commission of crimes against humanity. They should be able to live their lives free of that stigma. They really just want to be left alone to their lives.
Now, their are yet more Halliburtons who consider that association to be a vile insult and are willing to stand up and say so. They look back on their family’s proud history and do not wish to marked with the same brand as the oil baron cowards that have hijacked the Halliburton name. These particular Halliburtons know, to a fact, that the company is a disgrace to the Halliburton name, and that the many Halliburton dead have long since turned over in their graves because of what this company has done in its name. Those living Halliburtons that remember what the Halliburton Clan stood for in Scotland, through a rich oral history, would gladly take that company down if they had the means to do so, however, that withstanding, they give their best effort every day to live the kind of life that their Noble Ancestors commanded them to live. We must harbor the weak, defend the defenseless, and keep our name and honor alive.
The Halliburtons in North America are descended of rebels. Sir John Halliburton, son of George, had four sons. Every single one of these sons joined in the Jacobite rebellion against King George II and his bastard son the Duke of Cumberland, both of whom sought to rule Scotland without the consent of all Scots. Those Scots who would not consent, they sought to force their boots on their necks. Sir John and his sons refused to accept this, and thus, joined the Jacobites. The war was quick and bloody, and not to Scotland’s favor. As mentioned above the deciding conflict of that war was the Battle of Culloden Moor. All four of Sir John’s sons, George, Thomas, David, and William were there. George and Thomas were sacrificed to the ancestors, while David and William were taken prisoner. They were given three options by the Duke of Cumberland, execution, enlistment in the British Army, or exile to the American colonies. The two surviving sons of Sir John chose exile.
They got one last chance to visit their father, who sent them off with an oath, “Return home if you can, or tell your sons and their sons and their sons, what happened on that fateful day. Never forget who you are and the lands that gave you life.” This oath has survived to the present day. For those Halliburtons that honor it, it imbues them with a sense of honor that does not allow them to support the actions of the people who started Halliburton Energy and Oil Services. In fact, in enlightens them to resist any and all oppression that they encounter. Some, because of social circumstances were not always able to fully express this ideal, however, now, given the drastic nature of present circumstances in the United States, there is at least one that is willing to stand up and say, “Enough is enough!” He only hopes that there are others who will follow the call for liberty that flows through his veins as he seeks to honor the deeds of his ancestors in a whole new struggle for freedom.