Why Fake Data When You Can Fake a Scientist?

Making up names and CVs is one of the latest tricks to game scientific metrics

By Adam Marcus and Ivan Oransky

Hoss Cartwright, a former editor of the International Journal of Agricultural Innovations and Research, had a good excuse for missing the 5th World Congress on Virology last year: He doesn’t exist. Burkhard Morgenstern, a professor of bioinformatics at the University of Göttingen, dreamt him up, and built a nice little scientific career for him. He wrote Cartwright a…