Somebody once asked Warren Buffett about his secret to success. Buffett pointed to a stack of books and said,
“Read 500 pages like this every day. That’s how knowledge works. It builds up, like compound interest. All of you can do it, but I guarantee not many of you will...”
When I first found this quote of Buffett’s two years ago, something was wrong.
It was December 2014. I’d found my dream job. Some days, I would be there, sitting at my dream job, and I would think. My god, what if I’m still here in 40 years? I don’t want to die like this…
Something wasn’t right. I’d followed the prescription: Good grades. Leadership. Recommendations. College. Dream job. I was a winner. I’d finished the race. Here I was in the land of dreams. But something was terribly, terribly wrong.
In January of 2015, I found Buffett’s quote. I decided to read. I was going to read and read and read and never stop until I got some damn answers.
I didn’t quite make 500 pages a day, but, in these last two years, I’ve read over 400 books, cover to cover. That decision to start reading was one of the most important decisions in my life.
Books gave me the courage to travel. Books gave me the conviction to quit my job. Books gave me role models and heroes and meaning in a world where I had none.
I want to say reading 200 books a year is an amazing thing. But the truth is, it’s not. Anybody can do it.
All it takes is some simple math and the right tools.
1. Do Not Quit Before You Start
When the average Joe hears the advice “Read 500 pages every day,” his snap reaction is, “No way! That’s impossible!”
Joe will then go on to make up reasons to justify his belief without doing any deep thinking at all. These might include “I’m too busy,” “I’m not smart enough,” or “Books just aren’t for me.”
But what if we go a little deeper? For example, what does it actually take to read 200 books a year? Before I began this project two years ago, I stopped to do the math. Here’s what I found: Reading 200 books a year isn’t hard at all.
It’s just like Buffett says. Anyone can do it, but most people won’t.
2. Do The Simple Math
How long does it take to read 200 books a year?
First, let’s look at two quick statistics:
- The average American reads 200-400 words per minute
- A typical non-fiction book has ~50,000 words
Now, all we need are some quick calculations…
200 books * 50,000 words / book = 10 million words10 million words / 400 wpm = 25,000 minutes25,000 minutes / 60 = 417 hours
That’s all there is to it. To read 200 books, simply spend 417 hours a year reading.
I know, I know. If your brain is like mine, it probably saw “417 hours” and immediately tried to shut off. Most people only work 40 hours a week! How can we possibly read for 417 hours?
3. Find The Time
I mean, 417 hours sure feels like a lot. But is it, really? Let’s try to get some more perspective.
Here’s how much time the average American spends on social media and TV in a year:
Wow. That’s 3442.5 hours a year spent on TRASH. If those hours were spent reading instead, you could be reading over 1600 books a year!
Here’s the simple truth behind reading a lot of books: It’s not that hard. We have all the time we need. The scary part — the part we all ignore — is that we are too addicted, too weak, and too distracted to do what we all know is important.
All it takes to start reading more is to take “empty time” spent Twitter-stalking celebrities or watching Desperate Housewives and convert some of it to reading time.
The theory is simple. It’s the execution that’s hard.
We all know reading is important. We all know we should do more of it. But we don’t. The main reason this happens is a failure to execute.
I’m not so perfect at it yet, but here are some tactics that have helped me get results.
I. Use Environmental Design
If you were quitting cocaine, would you keep it lying around the house? Of course not. Media is designed to be addictive. Moving away from media addiction can be as difficult as quitting drugs.
The biggest bang-for-buck changes here are environmental.
If you want to read, make sure (1) you remove all distractions from your environment and (2) you make books as easy to access as possible.
As an example, here’s my immediate environment:
I travel a lot. That doesn’t stop me from reading. The picture on the left is of my “bookshelf” in Thailand. I try to keep books everywhere so I can just pick one up and start reading.
The picture on the right is my smartphone desktop. Notice there are only two apps. One of them — the Kindle app — is for reading. The other is for habits… Which brings me to my next point.
II. Upload Habits
Willpower is not a good tool for lifestyle change. It always fails you when you need it most. Instead of relying on strength of mind, build a fortress of habits — these are what will keep you resilient in tough times.
If you’re not familiar with habit science, my favorite book on the subject is Tynan’s Superhuman by Habit. It’s infinitely practical, and practical is all I care about.
Getting good at habit-forming took me years. Many of the mistakes I made were avoidable. If I could go back, I’d find a habit coach. Here’s how I see it. One game-changing idea from a good book is worth thousands of dollars. If a coach helps you read ONE more good book a year, you already get your money’s worth. (A shout out to Cherry Jeffs and Nathan Sudds, two coaches that have helped me out a lot.)
III. Go Multi-Medium
When it comes to reading, be a jack of all trades, not a specialist.
If your goal is to read more, you can’t be picky about where you read or what mediums you use. I read paper books. I read on my phone. I listen to audiobooks. And I do these things everywhere — on park benches, in buses, on the toilet… wherever I can.
Make your reading opportunistic. If you have a chance, take it. If you don’t have a chance, find one.
“I read a book one day and my whole life was changed.” — Orhan Pamuk
If I hadn’t started reading, perhaps I’d still be at my dream job. Perhaps I’d still be at my desk, taking peeks at the clock and wondering if that was how I was going to die.
If you’re in a similar position, give reading a try. You may find much, much more than you were looking for.