James the Just, Brother and Spiritual Successor of Yeshua

Collection of Ebionite (Nasoraean, Jewish or Hebrew Christian) Scriptures Online and Vegetarian Gospels

IMAGE: The Second Leader of the Ebionites, James the Brother of Jesus.

I do agree with the scholar Robert Eisenman that finding the historic James the Just (brother and spiritual successor of Jesus) is the most logical way to locate a historic Jesus. This Nasoraean/James the Just/Ebionite page is a project to gather together what remains of their scriptures so this original group — Christianity before Paul — awkwardly marginalized by Paul and later Roman versions of Christianity — can be more easily accessed. I do include the Gospel of Thomas on the list because of GoT Saying #12, which states that James the Just, Jesus’s brother, is his spiritual successor. Plus, saying two of the Gospel of Thomas is also found in the Gospel of the Hebrews. Mostly what has survived of Ebionite writings comes to us in the form of the Clementine literature, which is quite amazing material.

A Relationship Between the Gospel of Thomas and the Gospel of the Hebrews

“It seems that, in constructing his ‘harmony’ [Diatessaron], he [Tatian] used not just the ‘canonical’ Gospels, but also a ‘fifth source’, whose material sometimes agreed with readings proper to texts like the Gospel to the Hebrews or the Gospel of Thomas. It has been proposed to identify this source with that Aramaic tradition of Palestinian origin, independent of the Greek Gospels, that had first conveyed a knowledge of Jesus to the peoples of Syria, pivoting, to begin with, on the region’s Jewish communities. Certainly, West Aramaic expressions or, more generally, elements left a deep mark not just and perhaps not so much on the Peshitta as on the more general exegetical and ‘spiritual’ meditation of the Churches of Syria, as many recent studies have demonstrated (cf. e.g. S. Brock, The Lost Old Syriac…).”

— Paolo Bettiolo, Syriac Literature, page 426: https://archive.org/details/SyriacLiterature

Ebionite Scriptures — Original Disciples, Hebrew Christians, Jerusalem Group — James the Just, Collections of the Sayings of Yeshua:

Sayings of Wisdom -- Three Versions of the Gospel of Thomas (Sayings of Jesus):

(1): http://www.gnosis.org/naghamm/gosthom-meyer.html (This version of the Gospel of Thomas translated by Marvin Meyer has a slightly more Aramaic-Syriac flavor to it.)

(2): http://users.misericordia.edu//davies/thomas/Trans.htm

(3): http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/thomas

The sayings attributed to Jesus but uniquely associated with the Gospel of Thomas tradition also were also quoted far and wide in other early Christian writings. An impressive book documenting the transmission of these “Thomasonian” parallel sayings of Jesus is: Extracanonical Sayings of Jesus, by William D. Stroker, Published by Scholars Press, Atlanta (1989) ISBN 10: 1555400558, ISBN 13: 9781555400552

https://openlibrary.org/works/OL5269734W/Extracanonical_sayings_of_Jesus

http://www.worldcat.org/title/extracanonical-sayings-of-jesus/oclc/246551120

Summarizing the Spiritual Message of the Gospel of Thomas in the Context of Syriac Mysticism, by James Bean: https://medium.com/spiritual-awakening-radio-podcasts/e7a23d78bef3

The Q Gospel: http://www.gospels.net/q.html

Sayings of Wisdom -- Sayings Gospel Q:
http://www.tonyburke.ca/wp-content/uploads/Burton-Macks-Q-Text.pdf

Other Versions of Sayings Gospel Q: http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/q.html

“Some apocryphal gospels testify to the reverence Jewish followers of Jesus (like the Ebionites) had for James. The Gospel of the Hebrews fragment 21 confirms the account of Paul in 1 Corinthians regarding the risen Jesus’ appearance to James*, and this is mentioned also by the Gospel of Thomas (one of the works included in the Nag Hammadi library), saying 12, which relates that the disciples asked Jesus, ‘We are aware that you will depart from us. Who will be our leader?’ Jesus said to them, ‘No matter where you come [from] it is to James the Just that you shall go, for whose sake heaven and earth have come to exist.’” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_the_Just

*Note: The Apostle Paul didn’t seem to be very acquainted with the contents of Gospels. Not much from Jesus or Gospels are to be found quoted in his letters. For Paul to be familiar with the story recorded in the Gospel of the Hebrews about the Resurrected Christ appearing to James, this indicates that some form of the Gospel of the Hebrews (Ebionites or Nazoraeans) must have been one of the earliest Gospels, somewhat older than — or contemporary with — Paul’s Letters. Paul’s First Letter to the Corinthians dates back to around 53–57 AD. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Epistle_to_the_Corinthians

Gospel of the Ebionites: http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/gospelebionites-panarion.html

Gospel of the Hebrews: http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/gospelhebrews-throck.html

Gospel of the Hebrews: http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/gospelhebrews.html

The Gospel of the Nazoreans: http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/nazoreans-ogg.html

The Gospel of the Nazoreans: http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/gospelnazoreans.html

Surviving Quotes from the Jewish-Christian Gospels: Gospel of the Ebionites, Gospel of the Hebrews, and Gospel of the Nazoraeans: http://www.textexcavation.com/jewishgospels.html

The Old Syriac-Aramaic Gospels or Evangelion da-Mepharreshe; being the text of the Sinai — Syriac-Aramaic Matthew, Mark, Luke, John with English translations: https://archive.org/stream/cu31924092359680#page/n3/mode/2up

The Diatessaron (What Survives of Tatian’s Gospel Harmony): http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/diatessaron.html

Acts and Teachings of the Ebionites: Kerygmata Petrou (Reconstructed): http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/kerygmatapetrou.html

Acts and Teachings of the Ebionites: The Recognitions of Clement: http://compassionatespirit.com/Books/Recognitions/Recognitions-TOC.htm

Acts and Teachings of the Ebionites: The Clementine Homilies:
http://compassionatespirit.com/Books/Homilies/Homilies-TOC.htm

Acts and Teachings of the Ebionites: Helpful Table of Contents for the Clementine Literature and Other Writings: http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/anf08.toc.html

Acts and Teachings of the Ebionites: More Clementine Homilies: http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/clementinehomilies.html

Ante-Nicene Fathers, Volume VIII — The Twelve Patriarchs, Excerpts and Epistles, THE CLEMENTIA (Clementine Literature), Apocrypha, Decretals, Memoirs of Edessa and Syriac Documents, Remains of the First Ages: http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/anf08.pdf http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/anf08.txt

Psalms/ODES of the New Testament Age: The First Hymn-Book — Hymns — Poetry — The Book of the Odes:
http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/odes.html

The Didache (pronounced as “dih-dah-KAY”) — several translations are here: http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/didache.html

Letter of Jude (New Testament):
http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=jude&version=NIV&showfn=yes&showxref=yes&language=en

Letter of the Apostle James (New Testament):
http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=james&version=NIV&showfn=yes&showxref=yes&language=en

The Apocryphon of James (Nag Hammadi):
http://www.gnosis.org/naghamm/jam2.html

Also see: The Ascents of James: History and Theology of a Jewish-Christian Community, by Robert E. Van Voorst, 1989, SBLDS 112: http://www.sbl-site.org/publications/books_dissertation.aspx

The Dead Sea Scrolls in English, Online Translation: https://archive.org/stream/pdfy-Uy_BZ_QGsaLiJ4Zs/The%20Dead%20Sea%20Scrolls%20%5BComplete%20English%20Translation%5D#page/n2/mode/1up

The Original John the Baptist Group, the Mandaeans (also known as Nazarenes, Nasuraiia or Nasoraeans) — Mandaean Aramaic Scriptures Online — Gnosis Library: http://www.gnosis.org/library/mand.htm

MANDAEAN: CANONICAL PRAYER-BOOK OF THE MANDAEANS: https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.530195

MANDAEAN: CANONICAL PRAYER-BOOK OF THE MANDAEANS: http://books.google.com/books?id=1c8UAAAAIAAJ&pg=PR1&dq=THE+CANONICAL+PRAYERBOOK+%0D%0AOF+THE+MANDAEANS&hl=en&ei=v-HJTK2HKsX7lwfhlOXMAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q&f=false

The Mandaean Book of John the Baptist: http://rogueleaf.com/book-of-john/category/john-the-baptist

Mandaean Scriptures: http://egnu93.wordpress.com/writings/mandaean-gnostic-texts

Mandaean Scriptures: http://www.essene.com/B%27nai-Amen/vbelief.htm

Revisiting the Mandaeans and the New Testament: http://www.bibleinterp.com/articles/2013/08/mcg378026.shtml

Syriac-Aramaic Saints: See: “The Syriac Fathers on Prayer and the Spiritual Life”, and other books translated by Sebastian Brock. “The Syriac Fathers…” is from Cistercian Publications — an excellent anthology of Syriac mystics and saints, a kind of Syriac “Philokalia” or “Nag Hammadi”-like collection of important texts.

Vegetarianism in Early Christianity: https://ivu.org/history/christian/christ_veg.html

Vegetarian Diet: Article: Uncovering A Vegetarian Jesus at the Beginning of Christianity: “Now beware in yourselves that your hearts do not become heavy with the eating of flesh and with the intoxication of wine and with the anxiety of the world, and that day come up upon you suddenly; for as a snare it will come upon all them that dwell on the surface of the earth.” (Jesus, Luke 21:34, from a Syriac-Aramaic manuscript of the New Testament): https://medium.com/sant-mat-meditation-and-spirituality/9279741be7c4

Vegetarian Diet: Article: Evidence That Jesus and The Original Aramaic Christians Were Vegetarians: “James was a vegetarian….” (Robert Eisenman, James the Brother of Jesus) “James, the brother of the Lord, lived on seeds and plants and touched neither meat nor wine.” (Epistulae ad Faustum XXII, 3) “John never ate meat.” (Church historian Hegesipp according to Eusebius, History of the Church II 2:3) “The Apostle Matthew partook of seeds, and nuts, hard-shelled fruits, and vegetables, without flesh.” (Clement of Alexandria, The Instructor, Book 2, Chapter 1) Peter said, “I live on olives and bread, to which I rarely only add vegetables.” (Clementine Homilies 12,6; also see, Recognitions 7,6): https://medium.com/sant-mat-meditation-and-spirituality/b8784ac42506

Books by Robert Eisenman @ Amazon: “James the Brother of Jesus: The Key to Unlocking the Secrets of Early Christianity and the Dead Sea Scrolls”; also, “Dead Sea Scrolls & The First Christians”; and, “James the Just in the Habakkuk Pesher” — http://www.amazon.com/Robert-Eisenman/e/B000APV2U2

Aeon Byte Gnostic Radio Interview With Robert Eisenman on how finding the historic James the Just is the most logical approach to locating a historic Jesus: http://youtu.be/0oR-M1sSxrw

Vegetarianism and Gnosticism — Aeon Byte Gnostic Radio: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6kJh66vIJz0&ab_channel=AeonByteGnosticRadio

Like what you read? Give SantMat a round of applause.

From a quick cheer to a standing ovation, clap to show how much you enjoyed this story.