Sant Dariya Sahib of Bihar, a Towering Figure in Sant Mat History, by James Bean

Feb 6, 2014 · 9 min read

Background About Sant Dariya Sahib of Bihar, a Towering Figure in Sant Mat History and Great Spiritual Master Just Before the Time of Sant Tulsi Sahib of Hathras and Radhasoami

“Dariya Sahib of Bihar (1674-1780) was born at village Dharkandna in Arrah district near Dumraon [in the State of Bihar] at the house of his maternal grandfather. He was the son of Puran Shah (a Muslim of Ujjain) whose ancestors ruled Jagdishpur near Buxar. He is believed to be the incarnation of Kabir, who affirmed this to his mother when he was one month old, and it was Kabir who christened him as Dariya.* At the age of 9 he married but before it could be consummated, at 15, he renounced worldly pursuits, although he continued to live as a householder. At the age of 20, he ac­quired higher spiritual knowledge and at 30, he set up his congregation. Being a Muslim by birth, a large number of his followers even today offer prayers in the Muslim style...He was a Sufi saint of the highest order and rejected the worship of all avatars, prophets, idols, temples, mosques, pilgrimage, fasting, sharia, Karmakand, caste and scriptures. His deity was Haq or Satt. His major works are Dariya Sagar and Gyan Deepak. He declared that his goal was Sattpad (Haq), which is far beyond the pale of the Koran, the Vedas, and above the three lokas viz. Pind, Und and Brahmand. He declared that Ram... Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh, etc. cannot be the instruments of emancipa­tion from transmigration and that it is only the Sattnaam which is the Sar Shabd (the Seminal Name) and which can obtain deliverance from the claws of Brahman (Kaal) and Maya (Prakriti). The dervish is one who is not involved in Kalima or Aumkar but who follows the Alif, the symbol of One, Absolute Satt Purush. The seeker must have only medi­tation to rely upon, one desire (aas), one conviction (vishwas or biswas), only the love and certitude of the Great Name, and such a seeker alone can be the true slave (daas) of a saint, fully capable of discriminating between the fleeting and the permanent (vivek)." (entry for Dariya Sahib in the, "Dictionary of Indian Religions", by M.G. Gupta, M. G. Publishers and Huma Books, Agra)

*Note: Kabir appearing: Kabir/Sat Saheb/Sat Purush: In other accounts, the Living Master who gave Dariya his name and eventually initiated Dariya into Sant Mat Meditation (Surat Shabd Yoga) was called "Sat Saheb". "Dariya never looked upon him as a human being, and always referred to him as the Lord or Sat Purush.”

Sant Dariya was born in 1674 in the Rohtas District of Bihar, India. He was brought up and remained at that place for most of his life. Dariya was apparently given his name by the family Guru, Sat Saheb. Dariya’s birth was celebrated with great festivity. After the baby was one month old, a holy man visited his place and the mother brought the baby before him. This holy man carefully looked at the baby from head to foot, asked the mother to take very good care of the baby and named him Dariya, to be so recognized later. Dariya never looked upon him as a human being, and always referred to him as the Lord or Sat Purush. Sant Dariya got enlightenment at the age of twenty years. He was initiated into Inner Light and Sound Meditation, Shabd Naam, by the same Satguru mentioned above, Sat Saheb, that had been a major influence on Dariya’s life. (See the book, “Dariya Sahib, Saint of Bihar”, by K.N. Upadhyaya, RS Book Department, Science of the Soul Research Centre)

Sat Saheb, Dariya's spiritual Master, must have been associated with the Sant Dharamdas/Kabir line of Masters, as Dariya’s writings reveal he was greatly influenced by the teachings of Kabir, Sant Dharamdas, Dharamdasi literature like the Anurag Sagar, and according to those affiliated with the Sant Dariya branch of Sant Mat, Sant Dariya Sahib of Bihar is believed to have been a reincarnation of Guru Kabir. (see the Sant Dariya Mission Website, Atreya, page 66, “Darshana International”, and see Wikipedia: )

Rare Quotes From Sat Sahib, the Spiritual Master of Sant Dariya Sahib of Bihar

“The ultimate Realm is Akah* (Unspeakable)
Which is fully contained within the inner mirror.
The Akah* is the source of true Naam (the Sound Current)
This (Naam) is the truest spiritual technique.”
(Sat Sahib**, the Spiritual Master of Sant Dariya Sahib of Bihar)

*The term “Akah” has been used by Kabir also as the ultimate Abode of Anami Purush.

Based on the “Dharamdasi/Anurag Sagar” type terminology of Sat Sahib and his successor Dariya Sahib, Sat Sahib most likely would have been a disciple of Sant Dharam Das or his son Churamani Naam, or Shundarshan Naam — in other words, one of the Gurus in the Kabir/Sant Dharam Das line of Masters.

“You have been given the seal to imprint the souls,
And you know that the transaction is carried on
through the True Name (Satnam).

“Whosoever comes, bearing the imprint of your hand
I will take him to the other shore.

“Priceless indeed, is my Name.
Let one hold fast to it with proper concentration.
Near such a person Kal [lord of time, death and illusion] shall not go.
While rising or sitting, let him fix his attention on it,
And let him develop love for the Divine Light within.
Let him abandon all deceptive worship
of the gods and the goddesses.
Let him be absorbed in his real Lord,
realizing Him to be the Truth.
While rising and sitting, the Supreme Lord
should be the center of his attention,
And let him remain merged into the Sound Current.
By taking refuge under the Truth in such a way,
he will certainly overcome Kal.”

— Sat Sahib the Spiritual Master of Sant Dariya Sahib of Bihar (speaking to Dariya about his future mission as a Sant Sat Guru)

Note: The teachings of Sat Sahib and Sant Dariya Sahib of Bihar are very close to the school of Sant Mat associated with Sant Dharam Das — the Kabir line of Masters. See, “The Anurag Sagar”, published by Sant Bani Press, and, “Dariya Sahib, Saint of Bihar”, published by Science of the Soul/RS Books.

“This connection between Dharamdasis [Kabir-Dharamdas group/Esoteric Santism] and Radhasoamis, to which the Anurag Sagar has lead us, is confirmed by another set of writings venerated by Radhasoami leaders but little known outside of Radhasoami and Dharamdasi circles: the poetry of Dariya Sahib [who authored around twenty-three books]. Dariya Sahib was an eighteenth-century poet who lived in a Dharamdasi region of Bihar and referred to both Kabir and Dharam Das as his predecessors. Like the author of the Anurag Sagar, he viewed Kabir as a divine and mystical force and enumerated aspects of the ascending realms of consciousness in a manner remarkably similar to that one sees in Swami Shiv Dayal’s “Sar Bachan”. Dariya Sahib is listed by Brahm Sankar Misra as one of India’s great saints…” (Mark Juergensmeyer, page 29, “Radhasoami Reality — The Logic of a Modern Faith”, Princeton University Press, 1991)

Takhat Saheb, now venerated as a sacred place by the Sant Dariya Satsang, is a location where Sant Dariya Sahib of Bihar used to spend much time in meditation. A room dedicated to Sant Dariya now encloses the site. The icon image is that of Sant Dariya Sahib of Bihar. The photo is courtesy of Domain Singh of the Sant Dariya Mission Website.
Sant Dariya Sahib of Bihar
Sant Tulsi Sahib (younger) of Hathras Meditating: I can’t help but noticing that Tulsi had an appearance quite similar to Dariya: the bare-chested yogi sitting in the lotus position with a puffy beard. Not always, but sometimes spiritual successors adopt a similar appearance and clothing as their Master. Of course there’s no hard and fast rule about this, and it is the soul and inward state of enlightenment that matters, not appearances, but nevertheless it’s common for there to be styles and customs unique to certain regions, satsangs and time periods. Shri Surswami had a similar appearance as Sant Tulsi Sahib. Some of the Agra Radhasoami Masters had a distinctive kingly or majestic appearance. The one contemporary Sant Satguru that Sant Tulsi Sahib mentioned in his writings was Sant Dariya Sahib of Bihar.

Sant Dariya Sahib as the Reincarnation of Guru Kabir and Adi Guru/Founder of Sant Mat During Kali Yuga

Sant Dariya Sahib of Bihar was a Great Master in the Lineage of Inner Light and Sound Masters of India.

“Dariya preached non-violence (ahimsa) and was against killing of any living being. He was of the view that unless the lamp of kindness (karuna) is illuminated in the heart, one cannot proceed on the path of realization of God.” (Sant Dariya Mission Website)

Dariya became one of the great Saints of the Sant tradition of India, a towering figure occupying some of that space in history between the time of Kabir and that of Sant Tulsi Sahib of Hathras. In fact, for awhile, Dariya and Tulsi Sahib were alive at the same time. Dariya passed on when Tulsi was around seventeen years of age. Dariya Sahib appointed several Saints to be his spiritual successors: Fakkar Das, Basti Das, Sant Tika Das, and, Sant Guna Das, also contemporaries with Tulsi Sahib, who likely spent some time in Bihar. Bihar was, and remains, home-base of the Satsang of Sant Dariya Sahib. "He [Tulsi Sahib] has freely used words of Braj, Avadhi, Rajasthani (Marwari), Gujrati, Punjabi and Maithili, which leads one to conclude that, like many other Saints, he must have traveled widely in V.P., Rajasthan, Gujrat, Punjab and Bihar." (“Tulsi Sahib, Saint of Hathras”, J.R. Puri, and V.K. Sethi, RS Books)

Sant Dariya has the distinction of being the only living or recently departed Sant Mat Master contemporary with Tulsi Sahib that Tulsi mention in his writings. My view is that Sant Tulsi Sahib of Hathras likely was initiated by Dariya Sahib or one of Dariya's spiritual successors in Bihar. In his book, Ghat Ramayan, the only living or recent Master that Tulsi Sahib mentions is Sant Dariya Sahib of Bihar. Tulsi described Dariya as being one of the greatest Saints in the history of India, of equal stature to Kabir, Guru Nanak, and Dadu Dayal. For more, see the article: “Who Was Tulsi Sahib's Guru? Our One-And-Only Real Clue”:

I do believe Tulsi actually did mention the name of his guru in his writings. Soami Ji’s list of India’s greatest Sants included the name of one fairly unknown guru at the time, a contemporary master by the name of Tulsi Sahib. And we know just how significant a reference that turned out to be! The same with Tulsi. His list of all-time great Sants also included one relatively obscure contemporary name: Dariya Sahib of Bihar.

Masters such as Dariya Sahib and Tulsi Sahib represented mystical hardcore reformist voices somewhat critical of the overall direction the older Sant Panths were headed in.

Sant Dariya Kabir, Adi Guru Who Helped to Preserve Surat Shabd Yoga During This Part of Kali Yuga — The Living Line of Masters Continues Into the Twenty-First Century

"Sat Purush is the living Lord

And His own son serves as the ladder.

That ladder is continued through me, says Dariya.

Fakkar Das, Basti Das, and Guna Das,

Are the ladders proceeding from me.

Whomsoever they appoint as their successors

Would also be known as ladders.

Thus will my line of succession continue.....

"Those souls who remain in obedience

to these successors,

Shall cross the Ocean of the world.

How long will this line of succession continue?

Kindly relate it to us in your own words, asks Fakkar Das.

Listen mindfully, 0 Fakkar Das,

I explain this to you, says Dariya:

As long as the discipline of the Sound Current

is preserved unadulterated,

The line of succession will truly continue.

But when it is mixed with outer rituals

and display of external garbs,

My Sound Current will part company.

My Divine essence will depart,

And the souls will go into the mouth of Kal.

I shall then come to this world,

And shall proclaim the teaching

of the Sound Current again.

Proclaiming the teaching,

I shall found the line of succession.

And emancipating the souls,

I shall take them to my Abode.

For aeons I have been coming,

And imparting the teaching

of the true Sound Current."

-- From A Bhajan of Sant Dariya Sahib of Bihar

Sant Dariya Sahib of Bihar
Sant Tulsi Sahib of Hathras

Sant Mat Meditation and Spirituality

This Living School of Spirituality called Sant Mat is also…

Sant Mat Meditation and Spirituality

This Living School of Spirituality called Sant Mat is also known as: The Way of the Saints and Poet-Mystics, Radhasoami, and, The Path of the Masters. The meditation practice is Surat Shabd Yoga: "Union (Yoga) of the Soul (Surat) with the Inner Light and Sound of God (Shabd).”


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This Living School of Spirituality called Sant Mat is also known as: The Path of the Masters, Surat Shabd Yoga: Meditation on the Inner Light & Sound of God.

Sant Mat Meditation and Spirituality

This Living School of Spirituality called Sant Mat is also known as: The Way of the Saints and Poet-Mystics, Radhasoami, and, The Path of the Masters. The meditation practice is Surat Shabd Yoga: "Union (Yoga) of the Soul (Surat) with the Inner Light and Sound of God (Shabd).”