J.H. Colton, one of the most notable mapmakers of the nineteenth century, drew this beautiful map of the United States.
It was issued as a pocket map, folded and bound between covers, and includes an ornate border, hand water-coloring, engravings of the U.S. Capitol and two ships to designate the trade routes in the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific Ocean.
Colton’s maps are easily distinguishable by their ornate borders.
The varying typeface used to label the states suggests that this was a proof edition or very short-lived ephemeral production.
This is an atypical map of Colton’s, whose maps generally extended from the Atlantic Ocean to the Plains, not from coast-to-coast, but it was likely meant to illustrate the unification of the country after the Civil War.
Colton identified the major cities, geographic features, and military forts in Texas, as well as roads and rail lines between cities.
The “German Settlements” are identified in the area north of Fredericksburg.