County Map of the State of Texas Showing also portions of the Adjoining States and Territories
Drawn and engraved by William H. Gamble (1827–1892) of Philadelphia, this map illustrates the relative density of settlement in East and Central Texas. In 1873, much of the western areas of the state had not yet been defined into counties.
The expansion of important railroad lines is featured prominently, as are county lines, towns, waterways, and geographic features.
The railroad lines, in particular, had a significant impact on settlement in West Texas. Degrees longitude are measured from two sources: across the top in relation to the Prime Meridian in Greenwich and across the bottom in relation to Washington, D.C.
Gamble’s map focused primarily on Texas with an inset providing a detailed view of the east part of Galveston Island, but it also included portions of Arkansas, Louisiana, and New Mexico. Additionally, the Indian Territory north of the Red River (present-day Oklahoma) delineates boundaries between various Native American nations.
This map was donated in 2014 by Martha McCabe, in memory and in honor of her mother Mary Lee Borden McCabe (1907–1993), great-grandniece of first Land Commissioner John P. Borden.