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[detail] D.C. Kolp and E. D. Allen, Plat of Ingleside and Garden Tracts, August Gast Bank Note and Litho. Company: St. Louis, ca 1890, Map #661, Maddox Collection, Archives and Records Program, Texas General Land Office, Austin, TX.

Mapping Texas: The Gulf Coast — Ingleside

With 367 miles of beaches on the Gulf of Mexico, more than 3,300 miles of bays and estuaries, and hundreds of communities, Texas has one of the longest, most vibrant coastlines in the United States. From the earliest days of European settlement to modern navigation and oil drilling, the mapping of Texas’ coast has always been of vital importance.

Ingleside, Texas

First established in 1854 as a coastal community on the eastern tip of San Patricio County in Corpus Christi Bay, Ingleside (old Scottish for “Fireside”) was reportedly named by John W. Vineyard for his ancestral home in Scotland. The early settlers to the area were mostly farmers and the cultivation of grapes was a large part of the local industry. The Vineyard family took advantage of a perfect climate for grape growing by producing good wines and table grapes until the 1930s.[1]

Detail of map cartouche text featuring all the reasons one should move to the Texas Gulf Coast.

In the late-nineteenth century, there was a push to expand and develop Texas Gulf Coast towns. As with its close neighbor Rockport, developers marketed Ingleside, Texas as a place of beauty and prosperity. This desire to promote cities as places of health and cleanliness was part of the nineteenth-century City Beautiful Movement.

Detail of the lots showing the man-made Silver Lake and Elgin Park.

The City Beautiful Movement began as a response to the influx of people to large American cities and advocated that cities and towns focus on health and beautification, which would lead to civic loyalty, virtue, and morale. Its leading claim was “design could not be separated from social issues and should encourage civic pride and engagement.” Taking its influences from major European cities, the architects, landscapers, and urban planners of the movement emphasized the connection of civic centers, city parks, and grand boulevards.[2]

Detail of the lots on Ingleside Bay showing the wharf, the Hotel Ingleside, Rose Park, and the Driving Park.

This gorgeous colored 30.4 x 25.36in lithograph is a promotional map published in St. Louis, Missouri, for the developers D. C. Kolp and E. D. Allen. Displaying lots for sale of varying sizes and emphasizing the development’s proximity to the coast, this advertisement boasts of the viability of the land for growth and showcases a variety of parks and green spaces, including a Driving Park for carriages and a circular drive and man-made lake.

Detail of advertisement of the Hotel Ingleside.

An unusual aspect of this map is the inclusion of an advertisement for the Hotel Ingleside. Including a reputable, first-class hotel spoke to the wealthy clientele Kolp and Allen were trying to attract for their development.

The inset of Corpus Christi Bay highlights the proximity of Ingleside to other coastal towns via boat and connects the city to the rest of the state with the inclusion of accessible railroad lines. Noting railroad lines to Mexico and South America, as well as the deepwater terminal across the bay, emphasizes access to international trade for the city’s businesses and travel opportunities for Ingleside residents.

Detail of Nueces, Corpus Christi, and Aransas Bays. The map is careful to show not only the locations of the major cities in the bay area, but the depths of the bay, the ferry routes with distances, and the major rail lines which travel through the area.

Donations from The Summerlee Foundation and Friends of the Texas General Land Office in 2002 funded the conservation of this map.

This map was part of the exhibit Mapping Texas: The Gulf Coast, which ran at the Bullock Texas State History Museum from June 2016 through March 2017. For more information about GLO exhibits at the Bullock Museum, please visit http://www.thestoryoftexas.com/visit/exhibits/mapping-texas.

To learn more about the Texas Coast today, please visit txcoasts.com

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[1] For more information on the city of Ingleside, Texas see: Handbook of Texas Online, Keith Guthrie, “Ingleside, TX (San Patricio County),” accessed October 06, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/HFI01.

[2] For more on The City Beautiful Movement see https://www.britannica.com/topic/City-Beautiful-movement

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Articles from the Texas General Land Office Save Texas History Program

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