“Tracing Ancestry, Researchers Produce a Genetic Atlas of Human Mixing Events”

“geneticists applying new statistical approaches have taken a first shot at both identifying and dating the major population mixture events of the last 4,000 years, with the goal of providing a new source of information for historians.
Some of the hundred or so major mixing events they describe have plausible historical explanations, while many others remain to be accounted for…
Another mixing event is the injection of European-type DNA into the Kalash, a people of Pakistan, at some time between 990 and 210 B.C. This could reflect the invasion of India by Alexander the Great in 326 B.C. The Kalash claim to be descended from Alexander’s soldiers, as do several other groups in the region…
One of the most widespread events his group has detected is the injection of Mongol ancestry into populations within the Mongol empire, such as the Hazara of Afghanistan and the Uighur Turks of Central Asia. The event occurred 22 generations ago, according to genetic dating, which corresponds to the beginning of the 14th century, fitting well with the period of the Mongol empire.”

Includes a good description of haplotypes, which I think are such a cool piece of population genetics, and kinda describe how genetics actually works (it’s not “a gene for being Asian”, it’s statistically unlikely clusters of hundreds of little genetic variations that tend to be passed down between people in specific regions).

Related: “Genome-wide ancestry of 17th-century enslaved Africans from the Caribbean

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