Tier 3 Indicators- Updated for 5th meeting of the IAEG-SDGs

Tier 3 Indicators, as marked by the Inter-Agency and Expert Group on the Sustainable Development Goal Indicators, are indicators “for which there are no established methodology and standards or methodology/standards are being developed/tested.”

The fifth meeting of the IAEG-SDGs begins tomorrow in Ottawa, Canada. Indicator Tiers were updated after deliberation at the fourth meeting of the IAEG-SDGs in 2016, and we wanted to update our ‘Tier 3 Indicators’ article to highlight the changes clearly before the fifth meeting began.

We also want to highlight which Tier 3 indicators are being ‘fast tracked’ (where custodian agencies asked for fixes to more quickly reclassify indicators) as well as which have workplans established (custodian agencies and stakeholders were asked to consult about potential work plans for Tier 3 indicators to be presented at the fifth meeting). Most, but not all, indicators have workplans.

Goal 1- No Poverty

Indicator 1.4.1: Proportion of population living in households with access to basic services. Workplan established.

Indicator 1.4.2: Proportion of total adult population with secure tenure rights to land, with legally recognized documentation and who perceive their rights to land as secure, by sex and by type of tenure. Workplan established.

Indicator 1.a.1: Proportion of resources allocated by the government directly to poverty reduction programmes.

Indicator 1.a.2: Proportion of total government spending on essential services (education, health and social protection) This indicator has moved from Tier 3 to Tier 2.

Indicator 1.b.1: Proportion of government recurrent and capital spending to sectors that disproportionately benefit women, the poor and vulnerable groups

Goal 2- Zero Hunger

Indicator 2.3.1: Volume of production per labour unit by classes of farming/pastoral/ forestry enterprise size. Workplan established.

Indicator 2.3.2: Average income of small-scale food producers, by sex and indigenous status. Workplan established.

Indicator 2.4.1: Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture. Workplan established.

Indicator 2.5.1: Number of plant and animal genetic resources for food and agriculture secured in either medium or long-term conservation facilities. This indicator was moved from Tier 3 to Tier 2.

Indicator 2.c.1: Indicator of food price anomalies. Workplan established and fast track requested.

Goal 3- Good Health and Well Being

Indicator 3.5.1. Coverage of treatment interventions (pharmacological, psychosocial and rehabilitation and aftercare services) for substance use disorders. Workplan established.

Indicator 3.8.1: Coverage of essential health services (defined as the average coverage of essential services based on tracer interventions that include reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health, infectious diseases, non-communicable diseases and service capacity and access, among the general and the most disadvantaged population). Workplan established and fast track requested.

Indicator 3.8.2: Number of people covered by health insurance or a public health system per 1,000 population. Workplan established.

Indicator 3.b.1: Proportion of the population with access to affordable medicines and vaccines on a sustainable basis. Workplan established.

Goal 4- Quality Education

Indicator 4.1.1. Proportion of children and young people: (a) in grades 2/3; (b) at the end of primary; and © at the end of lower secondary achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in (i) reading and (ii) mathematics, by sex. Workplan established, and only the part (a) of the Indicator is Tier 3.

NEW ADDITION- Indicator 4.2.1. Proportion of children under 5 years of age who are developmentally on track in health, learning and psychosocial wellbeing, by sex. Workplan established.

Indicator 4.5.1: Parity indices (female/male, rural/urban, bottom/top wealth quintile and others such as disability status, indigenous peoples and conflict-affected, as data become available) for all education indicators on this list that can be disaggregated. Workplan established.

Indicator 4.7.1: Extent to which (i) global citizenship education and (ii) education for sustainable development, including gender equality and human rights, are mainstreamed at all levels in: (a) national education policies, (b) curricula, © teacher education and (d) student assessment. Workplan established.

Goal 5- Gender Equality

Indicator 5.1.1: Whether or not legal frameworks are in place to promote, enforce and monitor equality and non-discrimination on the basis of sex. Workplan established.

Indicator 5.5.1: Proportion of seats held by women in national parliaments and local governments. Workplan established.

Indicator 5.6.1: Proportion of women aged 15–49 years who make their own informed decisions regarding sexual relations, contraceptive use and reproductive health care. This indicator has moved from Tier 3 to Tier 2.

Indicator 5.6.2: Number of countries with laws and regulations that guarantee women aged 15–49 access to sexual and reproductive health care, information and education. Workplan established.

Indicator 5.a.1: (a) Proportion of total agricultural population with ownership or secure rights over agricultural land, by sex; and (b) share of women among owners or rightsbearers of agricultural land, type of tenure. Workplan established and fast track requested.

Indicator 5.a.2: Proportion of countries where the legal framework (including customary law) guarantees women’s equal rights to land ownership and/or control. Workplan established.

Indicator 5.c.1: Proportion of countries with systems to track and make public allocations for gender equality and women’s empowerment. Workplan established.

Goal 6- Clean Water and Sanitation

Indicator 6.3.1: Proportion of wastewater safely treated. Workplan established and fast track requested.

Indicator 6.3.2: Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality. Workplan established.

Indicator 6.4.1: Change in water-use efficiency over time. Workplan established and fast track requested.

Indicator 6.5.2: Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation. Workplan established and fast track requested.

Indicator 6.6.1: Change in the extent of water-related ecosystems over time. Workplan established.

Goal 7- Affordable and Clean Energy

Indicator 7.a.1: Mobilized amount of United States dollars per year starting in 2020 accountable towards the $100 billion commitment. Workplan established.

Indicator 7.b.1: Investments in energy efficiency as a percentage of GDP and the amount of foreign direct investment in financial transfer for infrastructure and technology to sustainable development services. Workplan established.

Goal 8- Decent Work and Economic Growth

NEW ADDITION- Indicator 8.4.1. Material footprint, material footprint per capita, and material footprint per GDP. Workplan established.

Indicator 8.b.1: Total government spending in social protection and employment programmes as a proportion of the national budgets and GDP

Goal 9- Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure

Indicator 9.1.1: Proportion of the rural population who live within 2 km of an all-season road. Workplan established.

Indicator 9.3.1: Proportion of small-scale industries in total industry value added. Workplan established and fast track requested.

Indicator 9.3.2: Proportion of small-scale industries with a loan or line of credit. Workplan established and fast track requested.

Goal 10- Reduced Inequalities

Indicator 10.2.1: Proportion of people living below 50 per cent of median income, by age, sex, and persons with disabilities. Workplan established.

Indicator 10.3.1: Percentage of the population reporting having personally felt discriminated against or harassed within the last 12 months on the basis of a ground of discrimination prohibited under international human rights law. Workplan established.

Indicator 10.5.1: Financial Soundness Indicators. Workplan established and fast track requested.

Indicator 10.7.1: Recruitment cost borne by employee as a proportion of yearly income earned in country of destination. Workplan established.

Indicator 10.7.2: Number of countries that have implemented well-managed migration policies. Workplan established.

Indicator 10.c.1: Remittance costs as a proportion of the amount remitted (no information available). Workplan established.

Goal 11- Sustainable Cities and Communities

Indicator 11.3.2: Proportion of cities with a direct participation structure of civil society in urban planning and management that operate regularly and democratically. Workplan established and fast track requested.

Indicator 11.4.1: Total expenditure (public and private) per capita spent on the preservation, protection and conservation of all cultural and natural heritage, by type of heritage (cultural, natural, mixed and World Heritage Centre designation), level of government (national, regional and local/municipal), type of expenditure (operating expenditure/investment) and type of private funding (donations in kind, private nonprofit sector and sponsorship). Workplan established.

NEW ADDITION- Indicator 11.7.1. Average share of the built-up area of cities that is open space for public use for all, by sex, age and persons with disabilities. Workplan established and fast track requested.

Indicator 11.7.2: Proportion of persons victim of physical or sexual harassment, by sex, age, disability status and place of occurrence, in the previous 12 months. Workplan established.

Indicator 11.a.1: Proportion of population living in cities that implement urban and regional development plans integrating population projections and resource needs, by size of city. Workplan established.

Indicator 11.b.1: Proportion of local governments that adopt and implement local disaster risk reduction strategies in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030. Workplan established.

Indicator 11.c.1: Proportion of financial support to the least developed countries that is allocated to the construction and retrofitting of sustainable, resilient and resource efficient buildings utilizing local materials. Workplan established.

Goal 12- Responsible Consumption and Production

Indicator 12.1.1: Number of countries with sustainable consumption and production (SCP) national action plans or SCP mainstreamed as a priority or a target into national policies (no information available). Workplan established.

NEW ADDITION- Indicator 12.2.1. Material footprint, material footprint per capita, and material footprint per GDP. Workplan established.

Indicator 12.3.1: Global food loss index. Workplan established.

NEW ADDITION- Indicator 12.4.2. Hazardous waste generated per capita and proportion of hazardous waste treated, by type of treatment. Workplan established.

Indicator 12.5.1: National recycling rate, tons of material recycled. Workplan established.

Indicator 12.6.1: Number of companies publishing sustainability reports. Workplan established.

Indicator 12.7.1: Number of countries implementing sustainable public procurement policies and action plans. Workplan established.

Indicator 12.8.1: Extent to which (i) global citizenship education and (ii) education for sustainable development (including climate change education) are mainstreamed in (a) national education policies; (b) curricula; © teacher education; and (d) student assessment. Workplan established.

Indicator 12.a.1: Amount of support to developing countries on research and development for sustainable consumption and production and environmentally sound technologies.

Indicator 12.b.1: Number of sustainable tourism strategies or policies and implemented action plans with agreed monitoring and evaluation tools. Workplan established.

Indicator 12.c.1: Amount of fossil-fuel subsidies per unit of GDP (production and consumption) and as proportion of total national expenditure on fossil fuels. Workplan established.

Goal 13- Climate Action

Indicator 13.2.1: Number of countries that have communicated the establishment or operationalization of an integrated policy/strategy/plan which increases their ability to adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change, and foster climate resilience and low greenhouse gas emissions development in a manner that does not threaten food production (including a national adaptation plan, nationally determined contribution, national communication, biennial update report or other). Workplan established.

Indicator 13.3.1: Number of countries that have integrated mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning into primary, secondary and tertiary curricula. Workplan established.

Indicator 13.3.2: Number of countries that have communicated the strengthening of institutional, systemic and individual capacity-building to implement adaptation, mitigation and technology transfer, and development actions. Workplan established.

Indicator 13.a.1: Mobilized amount of United States dollars per year starting in 2020 accountable towards the $100 billion commitment. Workplan established.

Indicator 13.b.1: Number of least developed countries and small island developing States that are receiving specialized support, and amount of support, including finance, technology and capacity-building, for mechanisms for raising capacities for effective climate change-related planning and management, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities (no information available). Workplan established.

Goal 14- Life Below Water

Indicator 14.1.1: Index of coastal eutrophication and floating plastic debris density. Workplan established.

Indicator 14.2.1: Proportion of national exclusive economic zones managed using ecosystem-based approaches. Workplan established.

Indicator 14.3.1: Average marine acidity (pH) measured at agreed suite of representative sampling stations. Workplan established.

Indicator 14.6.1: Progress by countries in the degree of implementation of international instruments aiming to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing. Workplan established.

Indicator 14.7.1: Sustainable fisheries as a percentage of GDP in small island developing States, least developed countries and all countries. Workplan established.

Indicator 14.a.1: Proportion of total research budget allocated to research in the field of marine technology. Workplan established.

Indicator 14.b.1: Progress by countries in the degree of application of a legal/regulatory/policy/institutional framework which recognizes and protects access rights for small-scale fisheries. Workplan established.

Indicator 14.c.1: Number of countries making progress in ratifying, accepting and implementing through legal, policy and institutional frameworks, ocean-related instruments that implement international law, as reflected in the United Nation Convention on the Law of the Sea, for the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans and their resources. Workplan established.

Goal 15- Life on Land

Indicator 15.2.1: Progress towards sustainable forest management. This indicator has moved from Tier 3 to Tier 2.

Indicator 15.3.1: Proportion of land that is degraded over total land area. Workplan established and fast track requested.

Indicator 15.6.1: Number of countries that have adopted legislative, administrative and policy frameworks to ensure fair and equitable sharing of benefits. This indicator has moved from Tier 3 to Tier 2.

Indicator 15.8.1: Proportion of countries adopting relevant national legislation and adequately resourcing the prevention or control of invasive alien species. Workplan established.

Indicator 15.9.1: Progress towards national targets established in accordance with Aichi Biodiversity Target 2 of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020. Workplan established.

Indicator 15.a.1: Official development assistance and public expenditure on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems. Workplan established.

Goal 16- Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Indicator 16.1.2: Conflict-related deaths per 100,000 population, by sex, age and cause. Workplan established.

Indicator 16.4.1: Total value of inward and outward illicit financial flows (in current United States dollars).. Workplan established.

Indicator 16.6.2: Percentage of the population satisfied with their last experience of public services. Workplan established.

Indicator 16.7.1: Proportions of positions (by sex, age, persons with disabilities and population groups) in public institutions (national and local legislatures, public service, and judiciary) compared to national distributions. Workplan established.

Indicator 16.7.2: Proportion of population who believe decision-making is inclusive and responsive, by sex, age, disability and population group. Workplan established.

Indicator 16.10.1: Number of verified cases of killing, kidnapping, enforced disappearance, arbitrary detention and torture of journalists, associated media personnel, trade unionists and human rights advocates in the previous 12 months. Workplan established.

Indicator 16.b.1: Proportion of population reporting having personally felt discriminated against or harassed in the previous 12 months on the basis of a ground of discrimination prohibited under international human rights law. Workplan established.

Goal 17- Partnerships for the Goals

Indicator 17.5.1: Number of countries that adopt and implement investment promotion regimes for least developed countries (no information available). Workplan established.

Indicator 17.6.1: Number of science and/or technology cooperation agreements and programmes between countries, by type of cooperation (no information available). Workplan established.

Indicator 17.7.1: Total amount of approved funding for developing countries to promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies. Workplan established.

Indicator 17.13.1: Macroeconomic Dashboard (no information available).

Indicator 17.14.1: Number of countries with mechanisms in place to enhance policy coherence of sustainable development. Workplan established.

Indicator 17.17.1: Amount of United States dollars committed to public-private partnerships and civil society partnerships. Workplan established.

Indicator 17.18.1: Proportion of sustainable development indicators produced at the national level with full disaggregation when relevant to the target, in accordance with the Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics

Indicator 17.18.2: Number of countries that have national statistical legislation that complies with the Fundamental Principles of Official statistics. Workplan established.

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