Seneca & the Stoics on the interconnectedness of the parts of philosophy

ast time, we saw Ilsetraut Hadot situating the Stoic conception of virtue between a Socratic “intellectualist” position — which would suggest that knowledge is sufficient (enough) for virtue and behavioral change; and an Aristotelian perspective — which would suggest that habituation, bringing the nonrational human drives to the heel of practical deliberation, is the primary contributor to the virtues.

Hadot summarizes her position here as follows (remembering all translations of her Sénèque in this blog…



Blogs on translating Ilsetraut Hadot’s famous work on Seneca & the ancient practice of philosophy as the spiritual direction. Each entry considers one chapter or section of this groundbreaking work as it is being translated, so English-reading Stoics can get a sense of the text.

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Castalian Stream

Articles on philosophy, psychology & classical thought (notably Stoic), aimed at renewing, spreading, and applying these ideas today.