Environmental Monitoring of Conflicts using Sentinel-2 data

Using satellite imagery in journalism becomes mainstream

Wim Zwijnenburg
Jan 29 · 8 min read
Oil storage burning at Fida oil farm, Libya (Pierre Markuse)

Satellite imagery and other open-source information on the rise

Conflict and Environmental incidents in Iraq

Oil spills

Qayyarah oil wells burning, November 16, 2016. False Color Band
The Sentinel-2s different bands allow us to make hot spots visible and peek through the smoke of the fire. (Pierre Markuse)
Oil Spill at Hamrin Mountain, Iraq, with burning oil wells north east visible. January 12, 2017 (Click here)
Crude Oil spill at Ajeel Oil field in Hamrin Mountains, August 2017. Image courtesy of Iraq Oil Report


Halabja, Iraqi Kurdistan, summer 2010. Sentinel-2 IR band
Marwat, Iraqi Kurdistan, Summer 2018. Sentinel-2 IR Band
Burning border lands, north of Erbil after shellings by Turkish armed forces, June 26, 2018. Sentinel-2 with Wildfire Script by Pierre Markuse

Environmental damage in Syria

Smoke rises from hundreds of artisanal oil refineries, Deir Ez Zor province. July 12, 2016.
High resolution image of makeshift refineries, Digital Globe/Google Earth, 2016
Oil spill post-ISIS defeat at Tayyem oil refinery, April 4, 2018 (Click here)
Oil spills from crude oil reservoirs at the Jafra Processing plant, April 4, 2018
Arisha IDP camp, January 20, 2019
Tal Mashan oil spill, December 16, 2018. Sentinel-2 with Color Infrared band
Timelapse of the Tal Mashan oil spill, December 2018

Limitations of Sentinel-2


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Wim Zwijnenburg

Wim Zwijnenburg

Sentinel Hub Blog

Stories from the next generation satellite imagery platform

Thanks to Pierre Markuse.

Wim Zwijnenburg

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|Drones & robots| Arms Trade | Conflict & Environment| Middle East| Cyber security| views are my own. Project leader @

Sentinel Hub Blog

Stories from the next generation satellite imagery platform