Part 2: History
Use of the internet itself has been defined as a countercultural movement. Fred Turner said, “the world was a series of interlocking information systems, all of which were working to corrode the bureaucracies of the industrial era…and those that built their lives around the net…would bring about cultural revolution.”
Thanks in large part to the internet we now see and experience countercultural expressions daily. At base, a countercultural movement is simply controversial idea that becomes appreciated by a broad swath of the population whilst challenging the social norms.
Near the turn of the century Marcel Duchamp challenged the commonly held idea that capital ‘A’ Art needed to be created by the hand of the artist. Furthermore, his work “Fountain, 1917” challenged the idea that Art must be serious, beautiful or conventional. These head on challenges forever changed the Art world and created new lanes for creatives to operate.
Not all countercultural instances have been so benign. Speakeasies and violent organized crime were commonplace during the United States prohibition era. While common folk went along with idea that a dry society was what the law permitted, those who imbibed alcohol were labeled deviant. The national government spent untold billions of dollars fighting bootleggers and gangsters that imported and distilled alcohol. The once considered ‘deviant’ culture became the dominant culture and the unpopular constitutional prohibition of alcohol came to an end in 1933.