A list of Scrum Articles, Guides and books that have defined Scrum

Scrum then and now, part 4

Willem-Jan Ageling
Jan 20 · 5 min read

Scrum has been around for years. Jeff Sutherland and Ken Schwaber presented it to the world at OOPSLA in 1995. They based it on “The New New Product Development Game“ (1986) by Hirotaka Takeuchi and Ikujiro Nonaka. Many things have remained the same since then, 1995. Other things have evolved. With this series I aim to show you how radically Scrum has changed over the years. Through this I wish to achieve transparency on why certain ideas about Scrum materialised and help raise understanding on the current Scrum definition.

This article aims to give an overview of material that has given a presentation of Scrum through the years. If you know of additional material that is important to be mentioned as well, please let me know. I might decide to add it to the article.

The New New Product Development Game

“Moving the Scrum Downfield” — The New New Product Development Game

The article is referring to the game of Rugby. The term Scrum is used once.

“Companies are increasingly realizing that the old, sequential approach to developing new products simply won’t get the job done. Instead, companies in Japan and the United States are using a holistic method — as in rugby, the ball gets passed within the team as it moves as a unit up the field.” — The New New Product Development Game

OOPSLA paper

Agile Manifesto

“At regular intervals, the team reflects on how to become more effective, then tunes and adjusts its behavior accordingly.” — Principle of Manifesto for Agile Software development

First Scrum Book 2001

2003 article — What is Scrum?

Agile Project Management with Scrum 2004

First Scrum Guide 2010

Below is a link to a page where you can find all 6 versions of the Scrum Guide.

Scrum Guide revisions

Current Scrum Guide

Scrum Guide improvement suggestions

editor note: I received valuable feedback from Brad Appleton who pointed me to a 1998 paper that did define Scrum at the time. He also mentioned the Mike Cohn books. Based on this I decided to post a revised version of this article, which you can find here:


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Thanks to Paddy Corry

Willem-Jan Ageling

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Interested in ways to work better together. I love the discussion with open-minded people.

Serious Scrum

Content by and for serious scrum practitioners.

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