Published in


Signum Smart Tokens — Development Update

Signum is the pioneer of truly sustainable, decentralized blockchain solutions, an alternative to wasteful Proof of Work and centralized Proof of Stake systems. First developed in 2014, Signum has been at the forefront of blockchain technology with the first implementation of smart contracts. Since 2019, the Signum-Network has been preparing the Signum blockchain for the next decade.

End of October the Signum-Network announced the next milestones for Smart Token & Native Liquidity Pools. Today we like to communicate that we reached the first milestone and introduced Smart Tokens with a new node release on Testnet.

With CIP-33 we made the change-proposal for our chain public. The following text is taken from the CIP.

Introducing Smart Tokens

Most platforms use smart contracts to handle token creation and serve various activities like buying, selling, and transferring from within the smart contract. Signum’s approach is different. On the Signum blockchain, tokens are situated similarly to the blockchain’s own native coin (Signa) in that they are unique entities that can be transferred or traded directly between accounts. Their position is directly attached to accounts, not taken via a smart contract.

All possible activities are governed by the blockchain nodes’ existing transaction types and logic, making the current token setup “smart”, even though we need to add additional transactions and logic to refine it for a true “smart token” setup.


In 2014, Signum introduced its unique token functionality with the genesis block. Since that time, not much development has taken place in this particular area of the blockchain. Surprisingly, when we compare the current features of ERC-20/BEP-20 contracts with the existing Signum setup, we see that our original setup was already forward-looking.

Compare ERC-20/BEP-20 with Signum Tokens

The goal of CIP-33 is to close gaps for our Signum token by adding base functionality and new transaction types to fulfill requirements for mass adoption. Also, to further prepare for the new on-chain native liquidity pools.

To express the new scope with a new term, the new tokens will be named Smart Token after the needed hard-fork.

Basic enhancements for Smart Tokens

Creating smart tokens
When creating a smart token, the user will be able to define the token as mintable or non-mintable. If the token is defined as mintable, the creator will be able to mint additional tokens. If non-mintable, the token is limited to the initial supply specified at the time of creation. All existing tokens created prior to the upcoming hard-fork are non-mintable.

The new transaction for minting tokens will incur a minimum network transaction fee.

Burning smart tokens
Any Signum token (including those that existed prior to the hard fork) can be burned by transferring it to address 0 (zero) using the transfer transaction. After the hard fork, it will be possible to burn Signa as well by sending to the address 0 (zero).

Special extensions for Smart Tokens

Define TreasuryAccounts
A new transaction type (addAssetTreasuryAccount) will be created that allows a token creator to define Treasury Accounts for a given smart token. Once set, this transaction will not be able to be reverted. Token balances in these accounts will not be used when calculating circulating supply, nor will the balance in burn address 0.

With this new transaction, the smart token creator can publicly specify on-chain which accounts belong to a use-case. It will be possible to do this for existing tokens as well.

Payment to token holders
A use case that is not covered by other blockchain solutions is paying dividends and other income to existing token holders efficiently and without burdening blockchain resources. We will provide a solution addressing this with the upcoming hard fork. We will introduce a new transaction type (distributionToAssetHolder) which allows any account to transfer given amounts of Signa or other smart tokens (or both) to defined smart token holders.

Input parameters for the new transaction:

  • Target token
  • Minimum amount needed for a valid distribution (target token)
  • Distribution amount (Signa)
  • Distribution amount (other smart tokens)
  • Token-ID of the smart token to be distributed

As an example, a user could execute this statement: ”If you have a minimum of 1.000 token from Smart Token A, you will be qualified for distribution of 20.000 Signa and 10.000 tokens from Smart Token B”.

For each holder with a given minimum balance, the transaction will calculate their distribution share and transfer the Signa or smart tokens (or both) to their account.

The transaction creator must pay MIN-FEE/10 (currently 0.000735 Signa) per valid distribution recipient or minimum MIN-FEE plus the regular network fee for the transaction (MIN-FEE). The total amount needed for the distribution must be paid upfront along with the network fee.

The distributionToAssetHolder transaction will be added to a block as a single transaction. The indirect income will be added to accounts using the Subscription payment methods as processed by the network nodes’ logic.

This will allow payment of nearly 1.000 smart tokens per block (approximately every 4 minutes) to a theoretically infinite group of token holders.

Additional Adjustments

Transfer Tokens
Anticipating the upcoming smart contract extension for handling tokens, this transaction will be able to send Signa along with the transfer of other tokens. In addition, a user will be able to send Signa and smart tokens in a single transaction, halving the cost of the two transactions needed previously.

API Call getAssetAccounts
This call now has the new attribute “ignoreTreasury” which is set to true by default.If this attribute is set to false, the defined Treasury Accounts and the address 0 (burn address) are shown in the result.


The change will require a hard fork.
With the current release on testnet the new functionality can be tested via node API.

The Explorer, BTDEX and Phoenix wallet will need to be adjusted to support these new features. The classic wallet will not be able to fully support the new features.

A new explorer is already created for that and can be tested here:

Discover Signum

Signum is the world’s first truly sustainable blockchain, featuring world-class applications on a sustainable leading-edge blockchain architecture. Compared to other cryptocurrencies, Signum powers its native cryptocurrency Signa (SIGNA) with a minor fraction of the energy use and e-waste. Signum empowers users and developers around the world with innovative blockchain solutions for everyday life.

SNA is a Swiss Not-for-Profit Organization founded in 2021 to provide a solid foundation for Signum to grow and fulfill its vision of sustainability and innovation in blockchain technology.

Find out more at or join a Signum channel below.

Download BTDEX:
Get Signa:





Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store