Juvenile Crime and Education
In 1967, an investigation group appointed by the President presented an investigation report. The report immediately grabs the readers’ attention which summarizes that the best way for the United States to lessen the crime rate is to reduce juvenile crime and youth crime. More than 30 years have passed, although there are different efforts done by the government departments, juvenile crime is still the most difficulty issue in American society today.
Click on the link below to see the Facts and Stats about Juvenile Crime
In recent years, the forms of juvenile crime in the United States can summarize in the following:
1. Alcohol and drugs. According to the American scholars and related institutions investigation statistics, there are a huge number of juvenile who have experiences of alcohol and drug use. Moreover, drug use in the United States is on the rise in recent years. Many young mistakenly think that drugs have no negative harm to their body, and using drug is one kind of fashion.
2. Violent crime. Many people believe that the United States is becoming more and more violent, and violent crime polluted the American society. Rape, murder, beaten, fighting, and looting are common forms in violent crime. Began in the late 1980s, the arrests for juvenile violent crime increase dramatically.
3. Organized crime. If early gang crimes are constructed by immigrant cultures, today’s juvenile gangs built in the form of economic entities. Their activities mainly revolves around stolen goods and drug trade. By 2005, the number of crime in the United States between the ages of 15 and 19 increased to 21 million people.
According to the scholar articles released by professors, authors, and investigators, their works conclude that the most effective way to reduce juvenile crime is to provide education to young people. Manhattan district attorney Cyrus Vance Jr., who has deep understanding about juvenile crime said that, “it is important to education the next generation of relevant education as early as possible”. By understanding the children’s interest, and establish the attractive learning project to them, young people can have a correct guide for their future.
Education provides benefits to young people in different ways. The first benefit is it provides is a secured income to young people. Many juvenile crimes are linked to poverty. When young people learn knowledge and skills from school, they are able to higher paying job in the workforce and have a better living condition. Education creates academic achievement to students. When student spend most of their in school, they do not have extra time for criminal activity. Young people are able to learn more from school and this includes the knowledge about criminal activities and their consequences. With this understanding, it will be less likely for young people to commit a crime. Additionally, the more time they spend in school, the higher academic achievement they earn. Early aggressive behavior may lead to difficulties in the classroom. Such difficulties, in turn, may result in a child’s receiving unfavorable evaluations from teachers or peers. These, in turn, might result in delinquency. Many juvenile offenders have low performance and GPA at school and therefore, they feel disappointed at themselves. If they can have achievement at school, they don’t have to find achievement from other area, such as criminal activity. Some studies have shown reductions in criminal behavior when a teenager drops out of school. Others have shown increasing rates of crime following school dropout. School is an important guidance for young people, so it is important to make easy access to education for all young people since our country’s future depends crucially on the quality of the schools.