The potential of Renewable Energy in South India
As on 31.03.2016, India has achieved a total installed capacity of 42,849 MW from Renewable Energy Sources. Out of which Wind power being largest with 26,866 MW and Solar being 6,762 MW which includes both rooftop and ground mounted solar plants. The Renewable Energy Generation will contribute about 20.3% and 24.2% of the total energy requirement in 2021–22.
India’s southern region comprising Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala accounts for 25% of national power consumption and 45% of total wind and solar power capacity in the country. Penetration of variable wind and solar energy, defined as generation from both these sources as a percentage of electricity consumption, in the southern region was 9% in 2016–17 as against the national average of 5%.
Enhanced transmission connectivity as well as rapid RE deployment has helped south India in considerably reducing its power deficit from 7.3% in 2013–14 to only 0.2% in 2016–17. This rapid increase is due to major thrust given by Government of India in promoting Renewable energy sources on account of these sources being clean and green.
The country has revised its Renewable Energy capacity target to 175,000 MW by the year 2021–2022.This includes 100,000 MW from solar out of which 40,000 MW would be from solar roof tops.
The estimated potential for renewable power in south India is given below.
The installed capacity of Renewable Energy generation is 7403 MW as on 31–03–2016, which accounts for 29.64% of the total installed capacity of 24,976 MW including the State’s share from Central Generating Stations(CGS). As per the report published by CEA, Karnataka has power deficit of only 0.2% and has forecasted a surplus of 4.6% of electricity in the year 2017–18.
As more and more people learn the benefits of renewable energy, uninterrupted power supply for every home is just a kilowatt hour away.