Marcus Aurelius in Therapy

How to do psychotherapy with a Roman Emperor

Donald J. Robertson
Jan 16 · 10 min read

The idea of a Roman emperor undergoing a course of psychotherapy probably sounds like historical fiction, right? Well, it’s not. The Roman emperor, Marcus Aurelius, was famously a lifelong follower of the ancient Greek philosophy of Stoicism. Stoic philosophers employed an early form of cognitive psychotherapy, and Marcus had a therapist.