The Four Cardinal Bad Sensations

Stoic Q&A

[Photo by Pixabay from Pexels]

B. writes: Last night I thought about the possibility that there may be four ‘cardinal bad sensations’: cold, hot, pain, and hunger. While we can’t control them, I can see that unless you are a true sage it would be hard to have a fulfilled life, i.e., it would be hard to concentrate on the Stoic principles if you were always hungry, in pain, shivering in the cold, or being blasted by the

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