Stoicism and the Eleusinian Mysteries

How Marcus Aurelius was Initiated into the Cult of Demeter

Donald J. Robertson
Jul 16 · 12 min read

For I made a vow, when the war began to blaze highest, that I too would be initiated... —Marcus Aurelius, quoted in Cassius Dio

Photo taken by the author, Donald Robertson, showing the bust of Marcus Aurelius at Elefsina.

The Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius (121–180 AD) is best-known today as the author of The Meditations, a collection of personal reflections on ethics…