Illustration by In Bitcoin We Trust

5 Solutions to Store and Secure Your Bitcoins Outside of Trading Platforms

Some are better than others and you have to know this before making your choice.

Sylvain Saurel
Feb 5, 2020 · 6 min read

In the stories I write about Bitcoin, I frequently explain that if you don’t own the private keys associated with your Bitcoins, then they don’t belong to you. So as long as your Bitcoins are on trading platforms such as Binance, Coinbase or Kraken, your Bitcoins are not really yours.

One hack into the platform where the private keys to your Bitcoins are stored and you can lose everything. The many platform hackings that have taken place since the creation of Bitcoin should alert you to the danger of leaving your Bitcoins on these platforms.

Many have lost a lot of money in this way. Recently, someone asked me what solutions to consider when storing Bitcoins outside of trading platforms.

In this story, I will show you 5 solutions to store your Bitcoins outside of trading platforms, each with its advantages and disadvantages.

What Is a Wallet?

First and foremost, I think it is essential to go back to basics. If you are not yet familiar with all the terms in the Bitcoin world, I will explain what a wallet is.

In the world of Bitcoin and cryptocurrency, a wallet is a software that will allow you to manage the private keys associated with your Bitcoins and Altcoins.

You have to understand that it is not really your Bitcoins that are stored but the private keys that give you access to those Bitcoins.

You can draw a parallel between a wallet and a bank account.

From your cryptocurrency wallet, you will be able to send and receive Bitcoins and Altcoins.

Cold Wallet vs Hot Wallet

If you’ve ever looked for solutions to store and secure your Bitcoins outside of trading platforms like Coinbase or Binance, you’ve probably already come across the terms Cold Wallet and Hot Wallet.

The terms Cold Wallet and Hot Wallet refer to how your Bitcoins will be stored and secured.

A Hot Wallet will store and secure your Bitcoins on a medium with Internet access.

In contrast, a Cold Wallet will store your Bitcoins on a medium that does not have Internet access.

A device with Internet access will necessarily be at greater risk of attacks from hackers.

Generally, you should choose to store your Bitcoin on a Cold Wallet. However, it is important to know that Hot Wallets exist because they can be useful in some cases.

Online Wallet

The first solution that exists to store your Bitcoins outside of trading platforms is to use an online wallet, which is to be classified as a Hot Wallet.

An online wallet is a web platform that allows you to store and secure your private keys online.

Online wallets, also called Web wallets, will encrypt your private keys with a password you choose.

While it’s good to know that this type of solution exists, you should know that online wallets offer a minimal level of security since they are very exposed to hacker attacks.

The only advantage of online wallets is that they can be accessed from any device connected to the Internet.

Nevertheless, their use is to be proscribed in my opinion.

Desktop Wallet

Since online wallets will not guarantee you sufficient security, you might be tempted by a desktop wallet which is to be classified as a Hot Wallet.

A desktop wallet is a software that you download and install on a computer.

For example, you can download the Bitcoin Core Wallet which preserves your privacy as it does not rely on any third party service for data management.

This type of wallet exposes you as soon as your computer is connected to the Internet.

You can try to limit the risk by only connecting your computer when you want to make a transaction on the Bitcoin network.

Since your private keys are generated by these wallets on a computer connected to the Internet, you cannot have 100% guaranteed security.

This type of Hot Wallet may be a solution to consider for storing small amounts of Bitcoin that you want to use for day-to-day transactions for example.

Mobile Wallet

Mobile wallets are comparable to desktop wallets except that they are installed on smartphones. Originally, Apple banned wallet applications from its App Store.

As a result, developers focused all their efforts on developing wallet applications for Android.

The Google Play Store offers a wide range of wallet applications.

Since smartphones are constantly exposed to the Internet, your private keys are not 100% secure.

There is always a risk of hacking, but this is far less than the risk your Bitcoins run by staying on trading platforms or online wallets.

Mobile wallets are very useful for storing small amounts of Bitcoin that you will use to make transactions with merchants accepting Bitcoin as means of payment.

You therefore only need to store very small amounts on a mobile wallet.

With the growing adoption of Bitcoin as a means of payment by merchants over the next decade, wallet application usage will continue to grow.

Hardware Wallet

We are now entering the Cold Wallet category. A Hardware Wallet is a dedicated device, without an internet connection, that will allow you to store your Bitcoins and Altcoins.

A Hardware Wallet is the safest solution to ensure the security of what you own in Bitcoin.

Among the companies offering Hardware Wallets, Ledger is the reference.

Their first price device, the Ledger Nano S, is offered at around $60. That’s a relatively modest price to really secure what you own in Bitcoin.

The main flaw of Hardware Wallets, in my opinion, is that they can be difficult to learn for some beginners.

Nevertheless, you must make the effort to use a Hardware Wallet because if Bitcoin allows you to regain control of your wealth, it comes at a price.

The price to pay is learning how to protect what you own yourself.

Once you connect a Hardware Wallet to a computer connected to the Internet, a specific application allows you most of the time to make online transactions.

To do this, the user must enter their own unique PIN, which adds a level of security.

Paper Wallet

Finally, we find the Paper Wallets. Paper Wallets were once a popular choice because they were easy to use and offered a high level of security.

Concretely, this consists of printing on paper a private key and a Bitcoin address.

Fans of Paper Wallets liked the fact that you could keep it safe at home or in a safety deposit box at the bank, making it very difficult, if not impossible, to hack you.

To store a very large amount of Bitcoin, the Paper Wallet was interesting.

However, this method of cold storage has lost popularity since 2016 as it presents several significant risks.

First of all, a Paper Wallet is easily damaged.

Secondly, a paper wallet encourages you to reuse the same address for your transactions, which is not a good practice.

Hardware Wallets are now preferred and continue to spread.

Conclusion

You now have enough information to choose a solution to store and secure your Bitcoins or Altcoins outside the trading platforms. I leave it up to you to judge what you think is best for you.

Personally, I generally advise storing most of your Bitcoins on a Hardware Wallet, such as the Ledger Nano S or the Ledger Nano X. This will protect your Bitcoin wealth and you can wait for Bitcoin price continuing to rise with peace of mind.

Finally, having a mobile wallet on your smartphone with a small amount of Bitcoin is a good way to use Bitcoin as a means of payment at merchants that accept it.

It’s also a way to support the growth of Bitcoin in addition to the traditional “Buy and HODL” strategy.

The Startup

Get smarter at building your thing. Join The Startup’s +788K followers.

Sign up for Top 10 Stories

By The Startup

Get smarter at building your thing. Subscribe to receive The Startup's top 10 most read stories — delivered straight into your inbox, once a week. Take a look.

By signing up, you will create a Medium account if you don’t already have one. Review our Privacy Policy for more information about our privacy practices.

Check your inbox
Medium sent you an email at to complete your subscription.

Sylvain Saurel

Written by

Entrepreneur / Developer / Blogger / Author. In Bitcoin We Trust: https://www.inbitcoinwetrust.net

The Startup

Get smarter at building your thing. Follow to join The Startup’s +8 million monthly readers & +788K followers.

Medium is an open platform where 170 million readers come to find insightful and dynamic thinking. Here, expert and undiscovered voices alike dive into the heart of any topic and bring new ideas to the surface. Learn more

Follow the writers, publications, and topics that matter to you, and you’ll see them on your homepage and in your inbox. Explore

If you have a story to tell, knowledge to share, or a perspective to offer — welcome home. It’s easy and free to post your thinking on any topic. Write on Medium

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store