Angular vs. React vs. Vue

Which should you or your team choose for your next app?

Nelly Nelson
Oct 28 · 8 min read
A banner showing the logos for Anguar, React, and Vue.
A banner showing the logos for Anguar, React, and Vue.

Technology is changing at a fanatic pace. Several new tools and methodologies have come into the business world over the years, but only some of these last for a longer time. The JavaScript programming language is one of those that has successfully established its roots across all of the industry verticals.

Statista says 67.7% of developers love JavaScript, and the prime reason is its versatility. The JavaScript language has the ability to develop desktop and mobile applications on both the client-side and the server-side.

However, when it comes to choosing the best framework among the wide range, JavaScript developers usually get confused.

After all, there are several frameworks to pick from JavaScript, but Angular, Vue.js, and React.js are among the most preferred ones.

However, choosing among these three is a difficult task, and to eliminate this dilemma, this article will help you. We’ll compare various aspects of Angular versus React, Angular versus Vue, and React versus Vue to determine a suitable JavaScript framework for your future projects.

Let’s get a brief understanding of their history before we dive deep into the comparison of these three popular frameworks.

The History of Angular, React, and Vue

Angular

Angular was released in 2010 by Google, which is based on TypeScript. It’s the oldest framework of the three. Until 2016, Angular was known as AngularJS, but after the launch of Angular 2+, the Angular developers dropped the JS. Since then, it’s been Angular only.

Angular 11.0.0 is its latest version, which was released on September 9. Angular development is the most used framework at Wix and Google, among other companies.

If you want to build single-page client applications applying HTML and TypeScript, then Angular is the best option. Angular developers specifically design this in TypeScript.

This framework provides core and optional functionality in the form of TypeScript libraries, which you can easily import into your applications.

Also, the components of Angular use services to give specific functionality to their users. Service providers inject into components as dependencies to create your code in a modular, reusable, and efficient fashion.

React

In 2013, Facebook introduced React to the software space as a tool to resolve certain ongoing issues, such as high traffic because of Facebook ads and coding and maintenance bugs.

React 16.14.0 is its latest version, and it was released on October 14. Well-known enterprises such as BBC, PayPal, WhatsApp, Glassdoor, and Instagram use React.

React provides agility, uniformity, and scalability for your project. Also, you can build user interfaces. React is the best JavaScript library choice because it’s declarative, efficient, and adaptable. After all, it lets you create components with complex UIs.

Vue

The first installment of Vue was in 2014, making it the newest member of the JavaScript framework community. Although the father of Vue might not be a big name, it still earned popularity among developers quickly.

Vue3 was released on September 18. Vue solutions often offer custom Vue web development and application services. Alibaba and GitLab are some of the well-known Vue users.

Vue is the most progressive framework for building user interfaces rapidly. Vue is specifically designed from scratch to be extensively adaptable compared to other unified frameworks.

The core library of Vue is centered on the view layer entirely, and that makes the integration procedure with other libraries and existing projects easy.

Also, Vue is excellently capable of powering single-page applications in combination with the latest tools and supporting libraries.

Angular vs. React vs. Vue: Spot the Difference

The comparison of these three frameworks (Angular versus React versus Vue) will help you to have a clear perspective regarding the perfect framework as per your project requirements.

When you have an important project with several bottlenecks, you require a comprehensive understanding of these technologies so you can choose the apt framework.

That’s the basis of this article: to detail the essential factors for each framework and to help you to pick the right one among them.

1. Angular vs. React vs. Vue: Popularity

According to a 2019 Stack Overflow survey, React is the most desired framework (74.5% of developers preferring it), and Vue is right behind it with 73.6% of developers embracing it.

Image shows the survey results for a poll called “Most Loved, Dreaded, and Wanted Web Frameworks.” React is the most loved.
Image shows the survey results for a poll called “Most Loved, Dreaded, and Wanted Web Frameworks.” React is the most loved.
Source

Both React and Vue have a similar number of users.

The number of users for Angular isn’t the same as before, but, even so, more than 50% of users still love Angular.

Google Trends can dictate the popularity of Angular, React, and Vue among developers.

A screenshot from a Google Trends dashboard showing that React is the preferred framework for developers.
A screenshot from a Google Trends dashboard showing that React is the preferred framework for developers.
Source

As per Google statistics, React is the most popular framework, followed by Angular and Vue. React easily grabs the attention of developers because of its well-built and secure structure.

Although, there’s no denial that Angular and React are used by big names in the software industry: Google uses Angular for their projects, whereas brands like Airbnb, Dropbox, Facebook, WhatsApp, and Netflix are keen on React for development.

2. Angular vs. React vs. Vue: Performance

Performance is considered to be the most prominent aspect for a front-end developer during development, whether you choose Angular, React, Vue, or any other framework. And to determine that, you need to understand the performance. Let me help you with that.

It is a known fact that DOM is seen as the UI for frameworks. It’s a vital fact that React and Angular take different methods to modernize HTML files, but Vue is the one that brings out the best result.

Bar graph. X-axis: “performance evaluation based on DOM manipulations of table.” Y-axis: “execution time in ms.” Vue wins.
Bar graph. X-axis: “performance evaluation based on DOM manipulations of table.” Y-axis: “execution time in ms.” Vue wins.
  1. Angular

The good:

  • Angular is the most popular framework for JavaScript because it practices real DOM, and it’s the best option for single-page-applications due to the coherent update.
  • Apart from that, Angular goes with a Two-Way Data binding process that recreates the changes from the Model into the views in a safe, efficient, and automatic method.

Liability:

Due to several features of this framework, during the translation of heavy applications, it slows down the performance.

  1. React:

Goods:

  • React is a front-end library that applies the Virtual DOM to enhance the performance for all size applications that require frequent content up-gradation, such as Instagram.
  • The base of React is single-direction data flow to have better authority over the project.

Liability:

The constant changes and development in React demand upgraded and skilled programmers regularly, so sometimes the tech giants are not comfortable working with React.

  1. Vue:

Goods:

  • Being the youngest member Vue has its perks because Vue doesn’t need to deal with those issues which earlier arose in Angular and React.
  • Vue.js development company provides high performance and memory allocation with all the enhanced features.

Liability:

Vue has the smallest community support because it’s a novice member of the JavaScript family.

3. Angular vs React vs Vue: Top Use Cases for web development

  1. Angular

Angular is actively used in its AdWords applications for maximizing the performance because Google is the founder of it.

These are the famous web resources that utilize Angular, such as Lego, PayPal, Nike, Weather.com, and The Guardian.

2. React

It was specifically designed for Facebook, and it still uses React actively for various product creation.

The list of React users goes as, Instagram, Twitter, Whatsapp, and WordPress as well.

3. Vue.js

Vue doesn’t have strong allies to implement its products, like Angular and React.

Although, in a short span, popular brands such as GitLab, 9Gag, Nintendo, and Grammarly are associated with Vue due to its flexibility.

4. Angular vs React vs Vue: Framework size

  1. Angular (around 500 KB):

Angular development has a wide range of features that enables developers to create templates to test utilities.

For your next project if you want to develop large-scale feature applications, then Angular is the one for you.

2. React (around 100 KB):

React is the right framework for modern web development because, with React development, you don’t have to worry about the big spectrum of libraries.

3. Vue (around 65 KB):

As per the size of Vue framework and library, it’s suitable for the light-weight application, and for the complex application you need to go with Angular development.

5. Angular vs React vs Vue: Learning curve

The learning curve is defined as the capability of users to write codes in a specific programming language. It’s time for us to understand the learning curve of each framework.

  1. Vue:

Among these three frameworks, Vue.js has the easiest learning curve. And the reason is it’s nearest to the JavaScript basics and HTML. You can consider the start of this task as easy as adding an import to HTML.

However, as you create a more complex application, it starts to get complicated. But to tackle the complexity you should use .vue file for the project.

2. React:

The learning curve of React.js has a medium to steep learning curve compared to Angular and Vue. React has an “everything is JavaScript” strategy. However, it still has these two essential elements that make the learning curve steeper.

  1. ES6 Syntax that syncs perfectly with react, although it’s complex for the beginner.
  2. React uses JSX syntax, which is a mixture of JavaScript and HTML, that confuses a lot of users because it forms the image of HTML and works like JavaScript.

3. Angular:

The use of TypeScript makes the learning curve of Angular steepest among these three frameworks. Also, the components, syntax, and modules look different than you used to before.

Although, the powerful features of it help Angular developers to build applications following certain coding patterns.

6. Angular vs React vs Vue: Scalability

Concerning front-end development, scalability often relates to the ability to maintain expanding functionality.

That means, applications must increase in size and complexity, and the development platform needs to support such extension.

The community developers’ is consistent about both Angular and React, that they both are the best for the task when it’s about building scalable applications.

Angular focuses on scalability with its modular development composition, while React obtains to go with a component-based method for the result.

However, in terms of scalability, Vue is way too much behind, due to its template-based syntax.

As you might know, templates do not go along with large applications as much as JavaScript components.

The Choice is Yours

There is no doubt that all three frameworks have their perks and downsides. Choosing the best one of these three frameworks entirely depends on the requirements of your project.

For instance, in case you want large applications, then Angular development is one for you, of course, if you’re satisfied with TypeScript. Otherwise, React is also suitable for large apps.

However, if you like adventure and want to experiment with something newfangled and promising then Vue.js is your framework.

I hope the comparison of Angular Vs React Vs Vue assists you to pick the best framework for JavaScript for your future development project.

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Thanks to Zack Shapiro

Nelly Nelson

Written by

I am Nelly Nelson and writes about emerging technology. I focusing on the latest technology, news, gadgets.

The Startup

Medium's largest active publication, followed by +730K people. Follow to join our community.

Nelly Nelson

Written by

I am Nelly Nelson and writes about emerging technology. I focusing on the latest technology, news, gadgets.

The Startup

Medium's largest active publication, followed by +730K people. Follow to join our community.

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