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Bye Bye AppDelegate! SwiftUI App Life Cycle

Photo by Maxwell Nelson on Unsplash

Now XCode 12 introduces two options for app life cycle. When you create new project by xcode then you can see Life Cycle dropdown to choose.

UIKit AppDelegate or SwiftUI

XCode 12 — Choose project template

Get Started

Once you create a project with the above setting, you project in xcode will look like this:

Default SwiftUI life cycle

You can see that there are two swift files — one SwiftUILifeCycleAppApp.swift & ContentView.swift

ContentView.swift is the first view file which renders on the window where SwiftUILifeCycleAppApp.swift is your main entry point in the app just like AppDelegate.

Let’s dive into depth of SwiftUILifeCycleAppApp.swift

There is a struct ‘SwiftUILifeCycleAppApp’ which confirms to App protocol and in the body part, ContentView is added on the app Window. That’s it, nothing else in the file. You can see, it is so light weighted. One more thing, you can see @main just above the struct ‘SwiftUILifeCycleAppApp’. It tells to the system that it is main entry point of the app.

Now, you have lots of questions that where we’ll do lots of stuff which we do in AppDelegate’s didFinishLaunchWithOptions callback and app life cycle callback events methods etc. Don’t worry 😉 we’ll discuss all the these here.

App States Callbacks

In iOS 14, Apple provided ScenePhase to track app states. You project can have multiple scene, but here, we have only one scene. Scene’s state is tracked in the environment, and so we created @Environment property to access the current value, and then used the onChange(of:)modifier to listen to any changes in the state.

SwiftUI life cycle with App States

For more details, you should read apple document.

Deeplink URLs

In the UIKit approach, we handles all the deeplink urls by application(_:open:options:) delegate callback method and route this incoming url to the destination path.

But in the SwiftUI, we can handle incoming urls by attaching the onOpenURL modifier to the top-most scene in your app. It returns the incoming url in closure (refer line numbers — 17 to 20 in below screenshot).

SwiftUI life cycle with deeplink url

App Init

For basic initialization or if you are using some third parties and need to setup on app launch just like in AppDelegate’s didFinishLaunchWithOptions method, then you can do in init method of struct ‘SwiftUILifeCycleAppApp’ (refer line numbers — 14 to 16 in below screenshot).

SwiftUI life cycle with App Init

AppDelegate in SwiftUI

If you have some requirements which can not be fulfilled by this approach and you have need of AppDelegate then SwiftUI provides a way to use AppDelegate within SwiftUI life cycle by using @UIApplicationDelegateAdaptor.

The @UIApplicationDelegateAdaptor gives the option of using UIApplicationDelegate methods that are traditionally used in UIKit applications.

First add a file to create AppDelegate class e.g. ‘MyAppDelegate.swift’ then create a class of ‘MyAppDelegate’ which inherited from ‘UIResponder’ and confirms to ‘UIApplicationDelegate’ and then add didFinishLaunchWithOptions method.

AppDelegate in SwiftUI

After creating AppDelegate, now attach it with struct ‘SwiftUILifeCycleAppApp’ main entry point by @UIApplicationDelegateAdaptor property wrapper.

Attach AppDelegate with SwiftUI life cycle

First scene init method calls and then AppDelegate’s didFinishLaunchWithOptions method calls.

Summary

So this was just basic about new SwiftUI life cycle update. It is so light weighted. Also apple provides a way to use AppDelegate with SwiftUI life cycle. That’s very good.

Here is link of full source code: https://github.com/sanjeevworkstation/SwiftUILifeCycleApp

Thank You. Happy coding! 👍

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Sanzeev Gautam

Sanzeev Gautam

A programmer, mobile photographer. https://www.linkedin.com/in/sanjeevkumargautam/ , https://www.instagram.com/the_lens_on/

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