Table XI
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Table XI

Pair Programming

  • A large team. About 15 to 20, if I recall. Pairing on small teams, like under five, is very logistically challenging. You’d think that a two-person team would be perfect for pairing, but in fact, you’re bound by the limits of both person’s schedules. A larger team gives you more flexibility in the face of meetings, sickness, and other responsibilities.
  • Neutral pairing stations. Nobody was pairing on their own laptop, there were dedicated computers with dual keyboard and mouse setups and a common configuration. This is, I think, a huge and underrated issue. When pairing on one developer’s idiosyncratic setup, you have a situation where that developer is always the more comfortable of the pair, plus you have that developer’s email notifications or whatever as distractions.
  • An environment where noise was okay. Another underrated issue. Pair programming requires developers to talk to each other, and as a result, it’s loud. This is fine if everybody is doing it and everybody understands it, but if you are trying to be a one-off set of pairs in an open office where everybody else is quiet, you’re going to stick out and that’s going to feel very awkward.
  • Dual story responsibility. The story tracker was customized so that the pairs had dual responsibility and source control commits were made jointly by the pair. This is a little hard to do (though the tools have gotten better), but critical to maintaining an understanding of who was responsible.
  • Pair rotation. The team had a very strong cultural norm that pairs should not last longer than a couple of days. This was actually very useful in knowledge transfer, and made sure that people tended to work with all members of the team. If you are on a team that pairs heavily, I do recommend rotating regularly.
  • No remote culture. The team did not encourage or support working at home much, and didn’t invest in technology to support remote pairing.



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Noel Rappin

Noel Rappin is an Engineering Manager II at Root Insurance. He is the author of Modern Front-Front End Development For Rails. Find him @noelrap.