Web application testing, a software testing technique exclusively adopted to test the applications that are hosted on the web in which the application interfaces and other functionalities are tested. If you want to test your website, you can try this link: https://web.dev/
1) User Interface: Testing whether a user can navigate the app without any difficulties. Anticipating what the user wants to do and planning for them to be able to do so is a valuable step in the software development process. Considering, for instance, the criticality of a good impression on app users on their first visit testing the simplicity and efficacy of the signup process simple and seeking out undetected bugs can have a big impact on retention.
2) Error conditions: Determining that error messages are displayed as needed and errors are handled gracefully. This becomes particularly important for story-driven agile teams, where stories often focus on “happy outcomes” to the exclusion of errors.
3) Text handling: Considering input, copying, pasting, and editing for the text including extended characters, special fonts, and non-Latin scripts.
Once a website has been launched, unfortunately, it doesn’t just continue to work and sometimes intervention is necessary to fix an issue with a website that has caused an outage. Problems can arise due to excessive load, database issues, web host problems, or other specific issues depending on the website. The first part of this is to monitor the website and so become alerted to any outages. A simple monitoring service can be set up, which checks the website at regular intervals to make sure it is still responding. A fully tested web site will also:
- Increase user confidence in your business/brand
- Improve search engine rankings
- Draw more inbound links
- Bring visitors back more often
- Drive inquiries and interactions
Compliance testing, also known as conformance testing, is a type of software testing to determine whether a software product, process, computer program, or system meets a defined set of internal or external standards before it’s released into production. Internal standards are standards set by an organization. For example, a web application development company might set the standard that all web pages are required to be responsive. External standards are industry standards or regulations set outside an organization. For example, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) has established regulations for the health care industry. An integral part of the software testing life cycle, compliance testing is used to ensure the compliance of deliverables of each phase of the development process.
Interactive Voice Response Testing (IVR) is a software testing type that helps telecom service providers to check the functionality of customer call support systems.
Interactive Voice Response (IVR) and Voice Mail (VM) systems depend on DTMF digits, or tones, as inputs from the users, based on which the system presents a menu for automating various services to users. Depending on the application such as banking, hospitality, or enterprises, the branching of the menu can get complicated, and this requires accurate testing before deployment. When calling an IVR system from any interface, the user is asked to send DTMF digits in response to prompts. The IVR system may have several sequences and may require either single DTMF digit responses or several DTMF digit responses (i.e. the credit card number). Once through the IVR system, the user will either be connected to a real voice or the user will simply be disconnected.
Interoperability testing is a software testing type, that checks whether the software can interact with other software components and systems. The purpose of Interoperability tests is to ensure that the software product can communicate with other components or devices without any compatibility issues.
Performance testing helps to determine the performance of telecom apps and software to ensure that only high-performing apps are released into the market.
Security testing is a process intended to reveal flaws in the security mechanisms of an information system that protect data and maintain functionality as intended. Due to the logical limitations of security testing, passing the security testing process is not an indication that no flaws exist or that the system adequately satisfies the security requirements. Typical security requirements may include specific elements of confidentiality, integrity, authentication, availability, authorization, and non-repudiation. Actual security requirements tested depend on the security requirements implemented by the system. Security testing as a term has several different meanings and can be completed in several different ways.
End-to-end digital testing:
End-to-end testing (E2E testing) refers to a software testing method that involves testing an application’s workflow from beginning to end. This method basically aims to replicate real user scenarios so that the system can be validated for integration and data integrity. Essentially, the test goes through every operation the application can perform to test how the application communicates with hardware, network connectivity, external dependencies, databases, and other applications. Usually, E2E testing is executed after functional and system testing is complete.
Protocol testing checks that data is transmitted between devices (such as routers, switches, and computers) over networks according to the protocol specification. These protocol specifications define the rules that devices must follow when they communicate with each other over networks.
Test automation is the process of performing software testing activities with little or no human interaction, to achieve greater speed and efficiency. When putting a test automation strategy in place, you need to remember that usually, the automated part is the running of the tests.
Cloud migration testing:
Cloud migration can be a complicated, painful experience if done incorrectly. Data can become lost or compromised without adequate security measures in place, and the possibility of a large number of migration defects is high. Application migration testing compares the migrated application with your legacy application to uncover discrepancies or errors. It also makes sure the new, upgraded application is compatible with all hardware and software your legacy application currently supports. Application migration testing applies to all types of migrations, including application consolidation, development, and lift and shift migrations.
Role of Testing in DevOps
In DevOps, the organization responds in a more agile manner to changing business requirements. In this concept, systems engineers, release engineers, DBAs, network engineers, and security professionals in the “Ops” branch seamlessly integrate with developers, QA, business analysts, product engineers in the “Dev” branch into a single value IT entity.
It is a fundamental role for testing teams to align their test design, test automation, and test case development with DevOps, not only to verify that code changes work but that the changes do not break the product. A key differentiator of DevOps is testing maturity. An organization can automate its integration, testing, delivery, and monitor it, but still have issues with the intelligence of test orchestration and automation, which can lead to a bottleneck if this is not resolved beforehand.
There are four continuous processes in DevOps:
- Continuous Integration
- Continuous Delivery
- Continuous Testing
- Continuous Monitoring
Normally test Processes are based on some steps that following all test levels until the product ready for final deployment. Consider those activities that describe below.
1. QA team gets build after it is successfully deployed. Here planed test environment is the key factor that influences the test.
2. Then the QA team performs test execution based on our-planed test cases or without defined test cases.
3. Test execution may be Manual or Automated.
4. Functional and Regression testing are the main concerns.
Forrester said — “While 52% of respondents said that more frequent releases will have a positive impact on their digital objectives, current software release cycles are still on a monthly or quarterly basis, and only 13% of companies are able to reach a state of biweekly releases.”
Enterprises had to operate through the escalating costs and business uncertainty during the lockdown times. The focus on automation and digitalization has remained the focal point while adapting to these complexities. Adapting quality assurance practices with agile and DevOps capabilities has been the key.
- Enterprises seek to leverage digital offerings as a means of differentiation
- Efficiency and automation are in focus in building resiliency
- IT decision-makers recognize the need for agile and DevOps practices to enable speed and scale
Testers always think about requirements that must be met. Testers are focused on every change and its effect on developing products. To do this, requirements analysis is done by testers. Testers find out test scope. After successful analysis, quality attributes be well-introduced. Some quality characteristics are pre-defined by organizations or by customers. Requirements need to be specific. QA teams should involve in the requirements process to help and guide development teams. QA teams need to start thinking about how they can utilize their skills to add value as more of their day-to-day work is automated. Moreover, risk-based testing also has large benefits. Testers have to do regression testing when major changes that may affect other functions as well. In this scenario automate regression tests play a very important role in maximum test coverage.
Future quality assurance capabilities require the right balance of speed and quality also include:
- Test automation will go further with machine learning.
- The frequency of releases will separate the leaders from the laggards.
- Testing metrics to focus on will be more quality in nature.
DevOps Testing Strategy
- Blocker or Critical bugs found need to be reported & fixed and passed through the same chain of events before the code is deployed in the Production environment and QA and Dev need to sit together and identify the areas affected due to a particular build and execute those related test cases plus a sanity test pass.
- The concept of executing all regression test cases for a test pass is soon becoming obsolete and need to configure specialized code analysis and coverage tools to make sure that you achieve near 100% code coverage.
- The strategy around testing new features needs to be formalized and the interim builds can be supplied to QA who would, in turn, create test scripts and run these automation tests on the interim builds till the code becomes stable enough to be deployed onto the Production environment.
- The test cases that are required to be executed for a particular build need to be identified and all the environments required for testing need to be standardized and the deployments have to be automated.
- Parallel execution of tests helps in reducing time-to-live, which in turn is the crux of a successful DevOps implementation, and using various automation techniques, QA should be able to fire Automation Testing runs across various cross-platform environments.