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How to Install PHP 8 on Ubuntu 20.04

Sep 10, 2021, Originally published at techvblogs.com ・3 min read

PHP is arguably one of the most widely used server-side programming languages. It’s the language of choice when developing dynamic and responsive websites. In fact, popular CM platforms such as WordPress, Drupal, and Magento are based on PHP. Some other notable benefits of using PHP include the following:

  • Easy to learn; the syntax is simple and well organized.
  • PHP code can easily be edited at any time without messing up the entire code; this flexibility is very important for scripting languages.
  • Easy to integrate and have multi-platform support.
  • PHP is cost-effective because of open-source and highly efficient.
  • PHP is supported by a massive community of developers.
  • It is stable compared to other languages.

At the time of penning down this guide, the latest version of PHP is PHP 8.0. It was released on November 26, 2020. It boasts of new features and optimizations such as union types, named arguments, null safe operator, match expression, JIT, and improvements in error handling and consistency.

Table of Contents:

  1. System Update
  2. Add the Ondřej Surý PPA Repository
  3. Install PHP 8 With Extension

Step 1: System Update

Update all system packages to the latest, Run the following command:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade -y

Step 2: Add the Ondřej Surý PPA Repository

The latest PHP packages are available in the Ondřej Surý PPA repository. Run the following command:

sudo apt-get install lsb-release ca-certificates apt-transport-https software-properties-common -y
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

When prompted, press ENTER to proceed with adding the repository.

Once the PPA is enabled, you can install PHP 8.

Step 3: Install PHP 8 With Extension

Next, Type the below command to install PHP 8.0 on the Ubuntu system.

sudo apt-get install php8.0

Press ‘Y’ for any confirmation asked by the installer.

To install PHP 8 extensions on Ubuntu 20.04, Run the following command:

sudo apt-get install php8.0-<extension>

Some available extensions are as shown below:

sudo apt install php8.0-
php8.0-amqp php8.0-common php8.0-gd
php8.0-ldap php8.0-odbc php8.0-readline
php8.0-sqlite3 php8.0-xsl php8.0-apcu
php8.0-curl php8.0-gmp php8.0-mailparse
php8.0-opcache php8.0-redis php8.0-sybase
php8.0-yac php8.0-ast php8.0-dba
php8.0-igbinary php8.0-mbstring php8.0-pgsql
php8.0-rrd php8.0-tidy php8.0-yaml
php8.0-bcmath php8.0-dev php8.0-imagick
php8.0-memcached php8.0-phpdbg php8.0-smbclient
php8.0-uuid php8.0-zip php8.0-bz2
php8.0-ds php8.0-imap php8.0-msgpack
php8.0-pspell php8.0-snmp php8.0-xdebug
php8.0-zmq php8.0-cgi php8.0-enchant
php8.0-interbase php8.0-mysql php8.0-psr
php8.0-soap php8.0-xhprof php8.0-cli
php8.0-fpm php8.0-intl php8.0-oauth
php8.0-raphf php8.0-solr php8.0-xml

Example:

sudo apt-get install php8.0-cli php8.0-common php8.0-imap php8.0-redis php8.0-snmp php8.0-xml php8.0-imagick php8.0-intl php8.0-fpm php8.0-imap

Thank you for reading this blog.

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Smit Pipaliya

Smit Pipaliya

I am Senior Developer at ServerAvatar Technology.