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IOTA & 5G — the perfect symbiosis for the industry 4.0
Projects and prototypes for the use of IOTA in the Internet of Things
The IOTA Foundation is well on the way to becoming the “backbone of IoT”. The innovative tangle and DTL technology are increasingly part of projects and prototypes within the research on “IOTA & 5G”.
The new mobile phone standard 5G is much more than just mobile radio. With the new wireless communication systems and the progressive development in the areas of Industry 4.0 and Internet of Things IoT, the expansion with broadband must be timely.
It is also about the nationwide mobile communications network, and even more about the future for industrial projects in the age of digitalization and encryption.
Ultra-short latency times of less than a millisecond and peak transmission rates of 10 Gbit/s or higher, as well as a globally available and, above all, robust connection are the conditions for this.
Other requirements such as perfect reception, even when the receiver(s) are sitting in a train or car and moving fast, are secondary. Jumping between radio cells without loss of quality or time delay, as well as energy-saving transmission methods and the exact positioning of people and objects at any time and any place with any system.
Society needs the mobile phone standard 5G
What we need that for? This development is not suddenly upon us. It started many years ago and has now reached a point where we need more services, networked nodes, and more reliable connections. It all (perhaps) started with navigating and recognizing objects/persons and their current position via satellites. But perhaps it all started much earlier, when the first computer was invented.
In recent years, research on autonomous driving and artificial intelligence has made a big step forward and now has a real capacity problem. But industrial processes around automation and robotics are also reaching their limits.
Nobody would presumably sit in a self-propelled car that is not permanently connected to all systems, transmits its sensor data to the controller in real-time and is equipped with self-learning software that knows what to do even in unlearnable situations.
This is exactly where 5G is absolutely necessary, but the mobile phone standard alone will not be able to fix it.
Innovative technologies like the Tangle and the DLT are part of this economic milestone. Experts are already tinkering with 6G, but it will certainly take years or decades before it matures.
Now is the time of 5G and with it the time of IOTA and its groundbreaking method of using a decentralized tangle for machine communication.
IOTA & 5G as standard for machine communication
Industry 4.0 means above all machine-to-machine communication (M2M). Man with machine already exists, see Alexa or Siri.
But how can machines communicate with each other and form a contract-like construct of secure and fast transactions? How can such large amounts of data be generated that reliable analyses can be carried out? The founding team of the IOTA Foundation around Dominic Schiener knows the answer, at least in theory: IOTA and the Tangle.
Theoretically, only because there are still many places working on the code to integrate this new technology into the 5G mobile phone standard and to bring reliable applications from the pilot phase to reality.
Today, the 5G standard already offers a wide range of solutions that can be used to implement the most diverse requirements. These include telecommunications, Industry 4.0, networked mobility and satellite integration.
IOTA is already integrated in several places through cooperations or ecosystems and plays a leading role in shaping the digital machine economy.
At first glance, some projects may not look immediately like IOTA. But through the participating companies or their approach via the DLT, IOTA is also indirectly involved. In other projects we are already working specifically on applications with IOTA & 5G and are rehearsing the implementation in reality.
IOTA marketplace monetizes industrial data
Bosch Rexroth AG has developed the world’s first board that connects to the IOTA Tangle and can upload data to the IOTA marketplace for industrial data.
From there the data stream is streamable, which contributes to the monetization of data. Currently we are in a kind of collection phase: The more data we (the companies) collect, the better solutions for digital requirements can be developed with IOTA & 5G. This therefore also accelerates the implementation of machine economy. Because data is the gold of the digital age.
Consequently, everything depends on 5G, because only then can participating devices exchange information via the Internet of Things. Regardless of the manufacturer, data and/or monetary amounts transfer their transitions via open systems and standardized interfaces.
Decentralized and without servers or databases, billions of end devices can network in the Internet of Things using distributed ledger technology and the Tangle. The data transfers are unchangeable, anonymous, decentralized and transparent and run via different blockchains. Large amounts of data are available for many users at the same time.
Every participant can track which information he received at which time. Many processes can thus be digitally mapped efficiently and transparently.
IOTA plays an essential role in all these aspects because it forms the “backbone of IoT” and with its tangle is the basis for the digital networking of billions of end devices.
These will also generate billions of transactions per minute in the future. The current linear blockchain does not solve this problem. But IOTA with its multitude of “directed acyclic graphs” and the DLT is ideally suited for this. IOTA & 5G form one unit and complement each other perfectly.
Pilot projects show development of IOTA & 5G
The state of North Rhine-Westphalia has launched a digital strategy around 5G with public participation. As part of the project, the Max Planck Institute for Cyber Security was established in NRW and the Fraunhofer Institute for Material Flow and Logistics in Dortmund prepared the foundation of the European Blockchain Institute.
One possibility is offered, for example, by IOTA, a provider of distributed ledger technology, whose technology is said to consume less energy.
Michael Henke, Institute Director at the Fraunhofer IML, Source
The pilot project “Fineblanking” was founded in Aachen in order to optimise production processes and to bring manufacturing companies more closely into line with the market requirements of the digital world.
The DFKI (German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence), the Machine Tool Laboratory (WZL) and the Institute for Technology and Innovation Management (TIM) of the RWTH Aachen University are leading the project.
Scientists from Aachen are investigating the economic and ecological challenges in mechanical engineering. The entire value chain in fineblanking is being questioned. Together with the industry, they want to test new technologies and methods in the coming years.
IOTA & 5G control data as an economic resource
The participating institutions have developed a data marketplace in Aachen that can be used like an App Store. Digital data products related to fineblanking are then available there.
The raw data sets can be accessed without gaps and in a forgery-proof manner and can currently be billed in an “as-a-Service” prototype. The IOTA project group intends to use the acyclic graph DAG for this purpose, as it is predestined for applications where binding information from test protocols, payment transactions or the exchange of data is required.
On the one hand, the blockchain/IOTA technology used ensures data integrity and, on the other, creates a flexible incentive system. Dr. Daniel Trauth, head of department at the WZL and as senior engineer for digital transformation of manufacturing processes, Source
The prototype is ready, and in May 2020 the researchers want to further expand their data marketplace and integrate the new mobile phone standard 5G. IOTA & 5G are continuing to grow together and new projects are emerging. To this end, the collaboration with the sister institute Fraunhofer IPT and its partner Ericsson has recently been agreed.
First IoT gateway software from Bosch Rexroth AG
Bosch Rexroth has been in intensive partnership with the IOTA Foundation for a long time. The new Bosch XDK, a programmable sensor device the size of a credit card, has just been presented.
Among other things, it can be used to implement industry 4.0 applications and the sensor connects to the IOTA Tangle and the IOTA Industry Data Marketplace.
According to Bosch Rexroth, in the factory of the future, everything will be connected. This requires open standards and a light IT environment that is easy to configure.
With predefined APP-based functions, companies can adapt these platforms to their individual needs. Connectivity is absolutely essential for the smart factory, and the international standard of open-platform communications is also becoming increasingly important.
The latest generation of service-oriented architecture comes into play for machine-to-machine (M2M) communication.
With this standard, existing machines can be integrated into existing networks and users can easily obtain the necessary IoT Gateway software. Each machine in the network thus becomes a communication-capable IoT device that is centrally managed via a device portal.
The IoT software developed by Bosch now connects older and new machines simply and cost-effectively. The IoT-Gateway software is also compatible with third-party controls, the company continues.
In the future, the Bosch solution will be able to process data in advance and perform local analysis. Users can use IOTA payments to do this.