# The Universals

*Circularity is involved in everything (pi is the only observer).*

1. Universal Duplicity: Complementarity, Reproduction, Sequence

Complementarity is the basis for identity (X and Y is X and X’).

2. Universal Identity (Universality): Always, Never, Sometimes

Duplicity is the basis for a unit. (X and Y is X and X.)

3. Universal Relativity: More or Less, Here and There, Then and Now

Integration is the basis for differentiation. (Equal sign represents a circular relationship.) (X is X and X is-not X)

4. Universal Uncertainty: Why and How, Possibility and Probability, Observation and Speculation

Relativity is the basis for uncertainty. (Everything is relative.) (Everybody knows this.) (X is Y is X and Y)

5. Universal Insecurity: Volatility, Complexity, Chaos

Uncertainty is the basis for security. (No yin without yang.) (X is X’)

6. Universal Ideology: Assumption, Expectation, Modification

Assumption is the basis for observation. (Expectation is experience, and vice versa.) (X to-and-from X is X and X)

7. Universal Actuality: Why and How, When and Where, Who and What

Duplication (negation) is the basis for actualization. (Duplication is negation, and vice versa.) (X and Y is 0 and 1) (Circumference and Diameter)