Finalist — THE COLLECTOR’S SEPTEMBER WRITING CHALLENGE

History and Development of African American Music

Slave era field hollers to spirituals to blues, jazz, and hip-hop

Ajita
Ajita
Sep 21, 2020 · 7 min read
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Image by WikiImages from Pixabay

Classical And Spiritual Music

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AnonymousUnknown author / Public domain (commons.wikimedia.org)
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Marian Anderson performing at Lincoln Memorial, after she was denied to perform at the Constitution Hall Photo by bnbnhjt / CC BY-SA (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)

The Rise of the Blues

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Ma Rainey. Unknown author / Public domain (commons.wikimedia.org)
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Bessie Smith. Photo by Carl Van Vechten, restored by Adam Cuerden / Public domain (commons.wikimedia.org)

Later Developments

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Image by Social Butterfly from Pixabay
References
Biography.com Editors. (2020, March 2). Bessie Smith Biography. Retrieved from Biography website: https://www.biography.com/musician/bessie-smith
Errey, M. (2013). History of Hip Hop Music | Vocabulary | EnglishClub. Retrieved from Englishclub.com website: https://www.englishclub.com/vocabulary/music-hip-hop.htm
Hall, S. (2018, April 9). Marian Anderson's Spirituals | Folklife Today. Retrieved August 31, 2020, from blogs.loc.gov website: https://blogs.loc.gov/folklife/2018/04/marian-anderson-spirituals/
History.com Editors. (2019, September 18). Marian Anderson becomes first African American to perform at the Met Opera. Retrieved August 31, 2020, from HISTORY website: https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/marian-anderson-first-african-american-performance-met-opera
Light, A., & Tate, G. (2019). hip-hop | Definition, History, Culture, & Facts. In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/art/hip-hop
Mahon, M. (2019, August 5). How Bessie Smith Influenced A Century Of Popular Music. Retrieved August 31, 2020, from WAMU website: https://wamu.org/story/19/08/05/how-bessie-smith-influenced-a-century-of-popular-music/
Robinson, J. (2015). The Evolution of African-American Music. Retrieved from https://www.unf.edu/uploadedFiles/committee/AAFSA/The%20Evolution%20of%20African-American%20Music.pdf
Smithsonian. (2010). African American Music - Jazz and Blues. Retrieved from Smithsonian Music website: https://music.si.edu/spotlight/african-american-music/jazz-blues
Steinfeld, S. (2017). The Social Significance of Blues Music. In 11–12. Retrieved from https://tesi.eprints.luiss.it/17909/1/072752_STEINFELD_SUSANNA.pdf
The History of African American Music. (2020, September 4). Retrieved from Encyclopedia.com website: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/history-african-american-music
The Library of Congress. (2015). Rhythm and Blues | Popular Songs of the Day | Musical Styles | Articles and Essays | The Library of Congress Celebrates the Songs of America | Digital Collections | Library of Congress. Retrieved from The Library of Congress website: https://www.loc.gov/collections/songs-of-america/articles-and-essays/musical-styles/popular-songs-of-the-day/rhythm-and-blues/
The Library of Congress. (2015). Spirituals | Ritual and Worship | Musical Styles | Articles and Essays | The Library of Congress Celebrates the Songs of America | Digital Collections | Library of Congress. Retrieved from The Library of Congress website: https://www.loc.gov/collections/songs-of-america/articles-and-essays/musical-styles/ritual-and-worship/spirituals
The Library of Congress. (n.d.). African American Song. Retrieved from https://www.loc.gov/item/ihas.200197451
Thompkins, G. (2018, January 5). NPR Choice page. Retrieved from Npr.org website: https://www.npr.org/2018/01/05/575422226/forebears-bessie-smith-the-empress-of-the-blues
A must listen to playlist to get yourself acquainted with the Evolution of African-American Music
1) Early Spiritual Song: Follow the Drinking Gourd: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VNyhfQ7argU
2) Another Spiritual Song: I'm Troubled In Mind: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oohyOYjHZBw
3) Marian Anderson's performance at Lincoln Memorial, after she was denied to perform at the Constitution Hall: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mAONYTMf2pk
4) Ma Rainey's Blues: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LJm3YGAwPUM
5) Bessie Smith's first single, Downhearted Blues: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=go6TiLIeVZA
6) Charlie Parker's use of saxophone in his music: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UTORd2Y_X6U
7) Ella Fitzgerald R&B music, Cry Me A River: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Gn9A-kdsRo
8) Rap that talks about social issues by Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PobrSpMwKk4
This article made into the top 3 finalist for The Collector's September Writing Challenge.

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Ajita

Written by

Ajita

A traveling enthusiast, a keen storyteller​, a food lover and a self-learned painter. Find out more at penning-silly-thoughts.com

The Collector

The aim of this publication is to learn from our history and culture in order to understand the dynamics of politics and improve the current state of movements for feminism, racism, and LGBTQ.

Ajita

Written by

Ajita

A traveling enthusiast, a keen storyteller​, a food lover and a self-learned painter. Find out more at penning-silly-thoughts.com

The Collector

The aim of this publication is to learn from our history and culture in order to understand the dynamics of politics and improve the current state of movements for feminism, racism, and LGBTQ.

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