Submarine Warfare

Submarines: Air-Independent Propulsion

Longer, quieter underwater endurance than diesel-electric, but without nuclear complications

German Type 212 class U34 in transit. AIP driven. Photo credit: Bundeswehr-Fotos, CC BY 2.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0>, via Wikimedia Commons

I wrote recently about Russia launching Kalibr missiles from its Varshavianka (Improved Kilo) class submarines in the Black Sea. That set me off to explore the latest submarine technology…

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James Marinero

James Marinero

Follow me for a varied Top Writer diet: true stories, humor, tech, AI, travel, geopolitics and small business tips as I write around the world on my old boat.