October 1st, 1960 — Independence day.

The Nigerian Flag

After about a 100 years of British imperialism, the country obtained independence from the colonialists on this day. The Northern People’s Congress (NPC) and the National Council of Nigeria and Cameron (NCNC)formed a coalition government that took over from the British.

Sir Balewa and Sir Robertson at the Searchlight tattoo ceremony

Under this arrangement, Alhaji Tafawa Balewa of the NPC became the first Prime Minister, while Nnamdi Azikiwe became the nation’s first Governor — General. Nigeria adopted the parliamentary system of government as was practised by their colonial masters.

On this day, Northern and Southern Cameroon were given the option of staying as part of Nigeria or leaving Nigeria. Southern Cameroon decided to leave while Northern Cameroon stayed.

The official opening of the palace of the Oba of Lagos by the Prime Minister was also held on this day.


Historical Flashback Newspaper


NOTE: This encyclopedia on Nigerian speaking people is a community based encyclopedia. We would love to have as many Nigerians, people of Nigerian descent and allies of Nigerian people in the motherland and the diaspora write for us, share ideas or just send love our way, so pour community can grow while we document our own history.

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