The Mind of a Player

How to use motivational models in gamification

Terry Pearce
Aug 26 · 6 min read
A staircase in a Mexican subway station, decorated so that each step is the key in a giant piano keyboard
A staircase in a Mexican subway station, decorated so that each step is the key in a giant piano keyboard
Image: Polanco’s Staircase by Victor Aguirre-Lopez

When you can’t see the motivation for the models

Choosing a framework

Lazarro’s Four Keys to Fun

A diagram of Nicole Lazarro’s Four Keys to Fun, showing ‘Hard Fun’, ‘Serious Fun’, ‘People Fun’ and ‘Easy Fun’.
A diagram of Nicole Lazarro’s Four Keys to Fun, showing ‘Hard Fun’, ‘Serious Fun’, ‘People Fun’ and ‘Easy Fun’.
Image by Terry Pearce

Marczewski’s Hexad

A diagram of Andrzej Marczewski’s Player Types Hexad, showing the six player types and their motivators.
A diagram of Andrzej Marczewski’s Player Types Hexad, showing the six player types and their motivators.
Image by Terry Pearce

Fogg’s Behavioural Model

A diagram of Fogg’s Behavioural Model, showing that prompts to action succeed only when motivation and ability are present.
A diagram of Fogg’s Behavioural Model, showing that prompts to action succeed only when motivation and ability are present.
Image by Terry Pearce

Flow Theory

A diagram of the Flow model, showing that flow is achieved when challenge and skill are balanced.
A diagram of the Flow model, showing that flow is achieved when challenge and skill are balanced.
Image by Terry Pearce

Octalysis

A diagram of Yu-kai Chou’s Octalysis Framework and its eight core drives.
A diagram of Yu-kai Chou’s Octalysis Framework and its eight core drives.
Image by Terry Pearce

Using them together

The Innovation

A place for variety of stories from different backgrounds

Sign up for The Innovation Digest

By The Innovation

Official newsletter of The Innovation Take a look

By signing up, you will create a Medium account if you don’t already have one. Review our Privacy Policy for more information about our privacy practices.

Check your inbox
Medium sent you an email at to complete your subscription.

Terry Pearce

Written by

A consultant and designer in game-based learning and gamification for learning. Go to www.untoldplay.com for more.

The Innovation

A place for a variety of stories from different backgrounds

Terry Pearce

Written by

A consultant and designer in game-based learning and gamification for learning. Go to www.untoldplay.com for more.

The Innovation

A place for a variety of stories from different backgrounds

Medium is an open platform where 170 million readers come to find insightful and dynamic thinking. Here, expert and undiscovered voices alike dive into the heart of any topic and bring new ideas to the surface. Learn more

Follow the writers, publications, and topics that matter to you, and you’ll see them on your homepage and in your inbox. Explore

If you have a story to tell, knowledge to share, or a perspective to offer — welcome home. It’s easy and free to post your thinking on any topic. Write on Medium

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store