“Ex nihilo nihil fit.” Put plainly; something cannot originate from absolutely nothing. (Not Hawking’s as well as Krauss’ mendacious pseudo-definition of “nothing,” (“The Grand Design”/ “A Universe From Nothing”) however the notion that signifies no state of affairs, interactions, potentialities, qualities, that is, stated more forcefully, no “anything.”)
If it actually could, why don’t all kinds of things come from nothingness? Just why aren’t dinosaurs, for example, suddenly appearing and devouring everyone in sight? Why aren’t we terrified of elephants suddenly popping into being and crushing us as they rained down on us from the skies? If nothing can, in fact, yield anything exactly why would it discriminate? Conspicuously, then, this contravention of the laws of nature is exposed as misguided special pleading.
Additionally, from the entirety of human experience, knowledge, wisdom, empiricism as well as findings we have distilled many other explicit, irrefragable realities including:
- A posteriori causality
- Being does not emerge from nonbeing
- Whatsoever begins to exist has a cause
- Information cannot spring from disarray
- Fine-tuning does not emanate from randomness
Presented with such unshakable abecedarian truths, the natural questions that follow are, “Where did the universe originate from 13.70 billion years ago?” or “What triggered it to come into existence, to begin with?” No matter the cause, it needs to possess some main features.
Taking this all into account we find that -
(1) Whatsoever begins to exist has a cause.
(2) The space-time universe began to exist 13.70 billion years ago.
(3) Thus, the space-time universe has a cause.
(4) The cause of the universe is a transcendent, beginningless, spaceless, immaterial, timeless, unchanging, omnipotent good personal being.
(5) A transcendent, beginningless, spaceless, immaterial, timeless, unchanging, omnipotent good personal being is the definition of God Almighty.
(6) Hence, God Almighty caused the universe to exist 13.70 billion years ago.
Now, let’s take a more detailed look at each one of the premises of this elegant syllogism and test their verity. Foremost, this cause must perforce be uncaused. Why? Simply because an infinite regress of causes does not have any basis in reality; it cannot be turtles all the way down.
Next, this uncaused cause needs to transcend space-time since it created space-time. It is, as a result, spaceless.
Third, considering that this uncaused cause exists beyond space and time it is must be a non-physical or immaterial cause. Why? Because physical stuff exists only in space — they possess dimension.
Fourth, this uncaused cause must invariably also be timeless for the simple fact that it does not exist in space-time.
Fifth, it must likewise be changeless. As I am sure you are well aware, all matter is present in a state of continuous flux. This instability is particularly observable at the atomic level. Given that this uncaused cause is immaterial it is unaffected by the forces that alter matter, and so, is unchanging relative to our material universe.
Sixth, this uncaused cause is without a doubt unimaginably powerful, if not omnipotent, for it brought matter, energy, space and time into existence entirely on its own.
So, to sum up, whatever it is that brought about the universe to come into existence 13.70 billion years ago it needs to be beginningless, spaceless, immaterial, timeless, unchanging and omnipotent.
Still, there are two more attributes of this uncaused cause that we can ascertain from what we perceive of the universe. Before we identify these, though, we first want to take a finer look at cause and effect. Here’s exactly what I mean: if a cause is sufficient to yield its effect, then the effect also needs to be present. The pair is joined at the hip, so to speak; you cannot have one without the other.
Permit me to borrow from an illustration to help make this sharper. “Suppose that the cause of water’s freezing is the temperature’s being below 0°C. If the temperature were below 0°C from eternity past, then any water that was around would be frozen from eternity. It would be impossible for the water just to begin to freeze a finite time ago. Once the cause is given, the effect must be given as well .”
The problem is if we indeed have a timeless, transcendent cause how come the effect is not permanent as well? Stated another way, if this timeless, transcendent cause, in fact, brought the universe into being, why hasn’t the universe always been? Just how can a cause be eternal yet its effect commenced a finite time ago? We are aware the universe is roughly about 13.70 billion years old but as you see we have further deduced that whatsoever brought about the universe has to be transcendent as well as timeless.
The one and the only way that is feasible is if this timeless, transcendent, uncaused cause were at the same time a free agent — a being with free will who can operate of its volition . Naturally, we all know free will is the hallmark of personhood.
Last but certainly not least, this beginningless, spaceless, immaterial, timeless, unchanging, omnipotent being must be unimaginably good. Why? Suppose we admit for the sake of argument that he is evil. As this being is evil, that suggests he fails to discharge his moral duties. However, exactly where from do those originate? Just how can this evil being have obligations he is violating? Who forbids him to do the immoral things he does? Right away, we discover such an evil being simply cannot be supreme. There needs to be a being who is even greater, one who is absolute goodness himself and thus the source of the moral responsibilities this other prefers to shirk. Therefore, there must necessarily exist a supreme being who is all powerful, all good and all loving; One who is the very paradigm of good.
So here we arrive at this uncaused cause of the universe 13.70 billion years ago that is beginningless, spaceless, immaterial, timeless, unchanging, omnipotent and personal being who is all good and all loving.
This is to say — God Almighty.