The Science Behind Procrastination And How You Can Beat It
by DARIUS FOROUX
Procrastination has been around since the start of modern civilization.
Historical figures like Herodotus, Leonardo Da Vinci, Pablo Picasso, Benjamin Franklin, Eleanor Roosevelt, and hundreds of others have talked about how procrastination is the enemy of results.
One of my favorite quotes about procrastination is from Abraham Lincoln:
“You cannot escape the responsibility of tomorrow by evading it today.”
The funny thing about procrastination is that we all know that it’s harmful. Who actually likes to procrastinate? No one enjoys doing that. Me neither.
And yet, procrastination was the story of my life. When I was in college, every semester, this would happen:
In the beginning of each semester, I was the coolest mofo on the planet. Relaxing, going out, enjoying myself. Big time.
I experienced no stress whatsoever. However, about a week before my exams, I would freak the fuck out.
“Dude, why didn’t you begin earlier?” I would tell myself.
And what would follow is an ugly sight of me, with a bunch of Red Bull cans, locked up in my room — freaking out while I was studying.
And research shows exactly that: When you procrastinate, you might feel better on the short-term, but you will suffer in the long-term.
It doesn’t really matter why you procrastinate. Some love the pressure of deadlines. Some are afraid to fail so they put it off until the very last moment.
One thing that all procrastinators have in common is that procrastination has a price.
This highly cited study, published in the American Psychological Society journal, by Dianne Tice and Roy Baumeister discusses the cost of procrastination. It is related to:
- Irrational beliefs
- Low self-esteem
Procrastination is not innocent behavior. It’s a sign of poor self-regulation. Researchers even compare procrastination to alcohol and drug abuse.
It’s some serious shit. And I’ve experienced that for many years.
The years after I got out of college were also a struggle in terms of starting and finishing work. Procrastination is a habit that just sneaks into your system.
It’s not something you can shake easily. Every time I had a business idea or wanted to start something, it went like this:
Every time I had an idea or a goal, I would start, but along the way, things would go wrong. I went from start to total chaos.
Distractions, other ideas, other opportunities, failure, negative self-talk, etc, would get in the way.
And the results are always the same: You never get anything done.
To me, the key finding from the study by Dianne Tice and Roy Baumeister is this:
“The present evidence suggests that procrastinators enjoy themselves rather than working at assigned tasks, until the rising pressure of imminent deadlines forces them to get to work. In this view, procrastination may derive from a lack of self-regulation and hence a dependency on externally imposed forces to motivate work.”
Self-regulation, self-control, willpower, are all things that we overestimate. We think:“Yeah sure, I will write a novel in 3 weeks.”
In our minds, we’re all geniuses and mentally strong. But when the work comes, we cop out.
If you’re a procrastinator, you can’t help but delay work. And that’s true for the small and big tasks.
Sure, everybody fears to step outside of their comfort zone—that’s why we call them comfort zones. It takes courage to make a bold move.
But it sure doesn’t take any courage to complete small tasks like paying bills, printing out something for your boss, doing taxes, etc.
The truth is: Procrastination has nothing to do with what you’re trying to do—small or big, it can wait until later. It can always wait, right?
For me, completing tasks, went like this:
There comes a moment, I call it the slope of procrastination, when you give into one distraction and you give up being productive.
It always starts with just one thing. You think: Let’s watch the news for a second.
Then, you think: I might as well watch one episode of Game Of Thrones. Then, a Casey Neistat vlog. And then another YouTube video. Then, a little bit of Facebook. And so forth.
It ends with a bang: “This is the last time I’ll waste my time!” Yeah, right.
Willpower Doesn’t Work. Systems Do.
What you really need is a system for doing work. A lot of people shy away from routines, systems and frameworks because they want to have “freedom.”
I’m sorry to disappoint you: Freedom is your enemy.
The fact is that, if you want to get things done, you need rules.
What are some things that research proved to be effective?
- Self-imposed deadlines.
- Accountability systems (commitment with friends, or a coach).
- Working/studying in intervals.
- Exercising 30 minutes a day.
- A healthy diet.
- Eliminating distractions.
- And most importantly: Internal motivation.
If you combine all of those things, you have a system.
The deadlines create urgency, accountability will create responsibility, working in intervals improves your focus, exercising will give you more energy, so does a healthy diet, and eliminating distractions will take away the temptations.
But there’s no system that can help you if you don’t have an inner drive. People overcomplicate that concept, but it’s simple: Why do you do what you do?
If you don’t know. Make something up.
If you know why you’re doing something, even the most annoying tasks become bearable. It will become a part of the bigger picture.
So, instead of diving into work, take a step back, think about why you do what you do, and then create a system that supports that. Not rocket science. Just science.
Originally posted on dariusforoux.com.
Hey, I’m Darius Foroux and thank you for reading this article.
I research how to (1) overcome procrastination, (2) improve productivity, and (3) get things done.
Every Monday and Thursday I publish an article related to those 3 topics. You can also sign up for my free newsletter on DariusForoux.com to never miss an article.