Robots or Job Training: Manufacturers Grapple With How to Improve Their Economic Fortunes

With unemployment low and wages creeping up, companies have an incentive to become more efficient — an exercise that tends to drive economic progress

Mike Steffel never went to college, instead finding low-paying factory jobs. Now he is an apprentice toolmaker, sponsored by his employer in a two-year certificate program, with a commitment to stay on for a year afterward. Photography by Andrew Spear for The New York Times

By Ben Casselman

This story is for Medium members.

Medium curates expert stories from leading publishers exclusively for members (with no ads!). Register for a free account to begin your member preview.

Already have an account? Sign in

Join Medium to read this story.

Sign up with a free account to read this ad-free selection curated from The New York Times.
Already have an account? Sign in