The Vital Urge

What evoluton implies but cannot explain.

Photo by Racim Amr on Unsplash

The natural sciences make it clear that the world has not always been the way it is today. From astronomy and physics we know that the universe is expanding. It has expanded from an infinitely dense point of spacetime into incredibly hot plasma full of subatomic particles, then into the first atoms, and later into the stars and other celestial bodies. From geology and chemistry we know that the…



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Walt McLaughlin

Philosopher of wildness, writing about the divine in nature, being human, and backcountry excursions.