The Fourth Day
14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the Day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and Years:
15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the Earth: and it was so.
16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser Light to rule the night; he made the stars also.
17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,
18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from Darkness: and God saw that it was good.
19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.
The “evening” of the Fourth Day is the period of the Water-House of Cancer, ruled by the Moon (on the Night-throne), and the “morning” is the period of the Fire-House of Leo, ruled by the Sun (on the Day-throne). This basic dogma of astrology explains the teachings of Genesis which refer to the Fourth Day. “The greater light to rule the day” is the Sun, and “the lesser light to rule the night” the Moon. The Stars belong to the domain of the Moon.
The 14th verse does not, of course, mean that the “heavenly bodies” are created. It tells us, that in this period of the spiritual path the sun, the moon and the stars become “signs”, that is, symbols, “to give light upon the earth” (17), in other words, for the enlightenment of man. From now on they should mark the “seasons”, that is, the stages on the path. Furthermore the 14th verse says that this is the case “for days and years”. We have noted before, that genesis applies both to the day-cycle and the year-cycle, and that the basic Tradition draws a parallel between the two cycles. Apart from this, Genesis symbolically identifies a year with six (or seven) “days”.
The lights in the firmament of the heaven are not “created” at this stage, as Origen aptly remarked. In the teachings of the Sibyl in the Volo-Spa, applying to the Second Day, it was stated: “The Sun knew not her inn, nor the Moon his dominion, nor the Stars their place”. In the period of the Fourth Day, however, the lights of the Tradition get their proper place in the consciousness and in the life of man on his spiritual path. The Volo-Spa teachings, applying to the Fourth Day, are as follows: “Then all the Powers, the most high Gods, assembled to their judgment-seats and took counsel together, giving names to Night and the New Moons (phases of the Moon): they called Morningtide and Midday, Afternoon and Eventide by their names for the counting of seasons.” It is significant that the four divisions of the day are connected with the seasons of the year.
“The Powers, the most high Gods” are naturally the same Powers of Intelligences of GOD, who preside over the five functions of the psyche (manifesting through the Five Elements), over consciousness (symbolically represented by the Moon) and over life (symbolically represented by the Sun). They are variously called Powers, Gods, or Archangels. The Volo-Spa conceives them as meeting together at this stage of the spiritual path for the purpose of manifesting themselves to the soul by the medium of their symbols, their “signs” on the physical plane: the lights of heaven. From now on the pilgrim on the path knows what the mansion of the Sun is, what the dominion of the Moon is, what the places of the Stars are, and what these matters signify for his genesis to the status of Man.
The Stars are traditionally distinguished in “fixed stars” which mark the stages of the path, and in “planets”, that is “wanderers”, which move along the path of the Zodiac.
We have seen that the Moon is symbolically connected with consciousness and its creative power. The Stars belong to its “dominion”, the fixed stars in one way, and the wandering stars in another. Both groups provide the frame-work of the Tradition. The Stars form the “heavenly hierarchies” guiding the destinies of man.
Their Queen is the Moon, Mother of Heaven.
In ancient times, and even now, marines oriented themselves at sea by the help of the stars. Even so a man moving consciously along the spiritual path should orient himself by means of “the lights of the Tradition”.
“To divide the light from the darkness”, in the 18th verse, signifies to distinguish between the life which is led at the hand of the light of the Tradition and the existence in darkness of those living in ignorance of, and indifference to, a nobler life, and in sin and sorrow. The “signs” of Genesis 14 are the Signs of the Zodiac.
Cancer is a Water-Sign, which means that in the stage it represents, the emotional function is in the foreground of attention. It is ruled by the Moon, the Power which gives form to man’s life, by the help of Tradition. Leo is a Fire-Sign, implying that in the stage it represents, the lower mind and the moral man are in the foreground of attention. It is ruled by the Sun, the Power of Life. Sun and Moon are traditionally a pair that belong together. As the moon derives its light from the sun, The Moon also derives its Light from the Sun. It is impossible to conceive of Consciousness and its creative, form-giving power, as separate from Being or Reality or Life. In this connection we can understand why in many traditions the lunar symbol is a mirror. The moon reflects the light of the sun like a mirror. Consciousness reflects the Light of God.
But for the sun, the moon would show no light.
The lesson is that man, with his conscious creative powers, could never be if there were no GOD.
The Fourth Day brings great enlightenment, especially in connection with the function of feeling and of dynamic thought. Its ruling Intelligences are highest. As a result a great responsibility arises for the moral man. Therefore the stage to follow is concerned with animals, symbolizing the various aspects of “the animal man”, or “the animal function” as expressing itself in connection with the various Elements which make up the psyche.