What is “Western Civilization”?

Tolstoy, the Zulus, and the Crimea

Saul Bellow’s infamous culture wars rant revealed more than he knew

L.D. Burnett
Feb 2 · 7 min read
Photo by Juan Camilo Guarin P on Unsplash

The Shadow

Inspire and entertain

Sign up for Between The Shadow's Lines

By The Shadow

The Shadow's newsletter is a collection of the best published stories.  Take a look.

By signing up, you will create a Medium account if you don’t already have one. Review our Privacy Policy for more information about our privacy practices.

Check your inbox
Medium sent you an email at to complete your subscription.

L.D. Burnett

Written by

Writer, historian of American thought & culture. Editor of TheMudsill.substack.com, a little magazine publishing new & established authors. Book under contract.

The Shadow

We publish inspiring stories about different topics for a productive and entertaining life

L.D. Burnett

Written by

Writer, historian of American thought & culture. Editor of TheMudsill.substack.com, a little magazine publishing new & established authors. Book under contract.

The Shadow

We publish inspiring stories about different topics for a productive and entertaining life

Medium is an open platform where 170 million readers come to find insightful and dynamic thinking. Here, expert and undiscovered voices alike dive into the heart of any topic and bring new ideas to the surface. Learn more

Follow the writers, publications, and topics that matter to you, and you’ll see them on your homepage and in your inbox. Explore

If you have a story to tell, knowledge to share, or a perspective to offer — welcome home. It’s easy and free to post your thinking on any topic. Write on Medium

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store