Proven Mental Models to Boost Your Productivity

11 mental models you can use to increase your effectiveness

Matthias Karner
The Shortform

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Photo by Nick Bolton on Unsplash

This year, I’ve learned much about mental models and systems. Using these tools can really boost your productivity.

This short post, I want to summarize a few key mental models:

  • The principal-agent problem: A model about conflicting interests between different parties in decision-making processes.
  • Compound interest: Exponentially growing interest.
  • Pareto principle (80/20 Rule): Most effects come from a minority of causes.
  • Mathematics: number lines, algebraic equations, geometric shapes, probability trees, graphs and charts, …
  • Black swans: Unpredictable events with significant impact..
  • Dunning-Kruger effect: Overestimating one’s abilities due to lack of expertise.
  • Network effect: Value of a product increases as more people use it.
  • Falsifiability: Testability of hypotheses through potential contradiction or disproof.
  • Confirmation bias: Tendency to favor information that confirms existing beliefs.
  • Running uphill: Focusing on being positive, calm and purposeful.
  • Regression to the mean: High or low performance tends to move towards the average over time.

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Matthias Karner
The Shortform

Digitalization & IT Leader. Avid Reader. Dedicated Writer. Engineering PhD. Productivity Enthusiast.