The Sophist
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The Sophist

Spinoza: The Oneness of Everything

In the Protestant Dutch Republic, religious commissions for art were few and far between. Instead, artists were patronised by a wealthy middle class created by the economic miracle that followed independence from the Spanish Empire. Secular forms of visual art flourished, and the Dutch Golden Age is famous for its still lives composed of flowers, food and precious objects. Painting: Ambrosius Bosschaert the Elder Still Life of Flowers, 1614. (Public Domain, source: Wikipedia)

Imagine if somebody told you that everything is composed of the same one thing, that all the difference and the change you see in the world is ultimately an illusion. Not only is everything composed of one thing, but that one thing is God. God is in everything you can think of.

This is how Baruch (later Benedict de) Spinoza saw the universe. It’s an idea that’s strange for many, and shocking for some…

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Steven Gambardella

Steven Gambardella

I am a history PhD sharing the lessons of philosophy and history with practical benefits for your life and work. Get in touch: stevengambardella@gmail.com