Structuring a design team in a continuous delivery agile environment
I was asked by InVision “How do you structure your design teams — and why?” This was my response.
At Envato we’re building a complex marketplace product used by millions people around the world.
We’re constantly making iterative improvements to existing features and experimenting with new initiatives. Our continuous delivery model enables our team to ship several times a day.
I’ve previously written about how our agile UX team works, but this time around I’m going to focus on the way we’ve structured our 12-person design team and why.
Distributed UX design
Our design team is tiny compared to the development team. Because of its size, the development team forms small squads called streams, and each one focuses on an area of our product.
A stream consists of a mix of backend and front-end developers, plus a product manager. We embed our UX designers within these streams, and they sit alongside the developers and the product manager.
The embedded designers know the most about the problem they are solving. They’re best placed to work through any compromises with both the developers and the product manager. This structure gives them the autonomy to make the right decisions at the right time with their stream.
Designers build a deep understanding of the area of the product they support, along with a thorough understanding of the backlog and the problems faced by the stream. This creates a close working relationship between the designer, developers and product manager.
Focus on a single customer experience
Being a marketplace, we have 2 distinct types of customers: those who sell and those who buy. We divide our streams into these 2 groups, and they focus on either buyers or sellers. This means our UX designers focus on one particular type of customer. They also collaborate (outside their development stream) as part of a small team of designers on that type of customer.
Through research, the designers build a deep understanding of their customer. They think about the customer’s experience across the whole product. Not just the part covered by their development stream. They work closely with the Senior Product Manager for that customer type in developing the future roadmap.
Creating a design system
We support our our embedded UX designer with a small team of UI designers. Rather than supporting the UX designers by mocking up screens, they focus on building our design system. They sit together, outside of any development stream.
Think about the customer’s experience across the whole product.
They work through a backlog of work which comes from various sources, including:
- The UX designers from the development streams
- Global design and brand problems and initiatives
- Support for our marketing team
- Collaboration with our front-end developers on our style guide
By building a design system, we can focus on creating a consistent experience for our users. We also empower our embedded UX designers with a toolkit which enables them to work at a faster pace. Safe in the knowledge that their design work fits with the whole product.
Through the use of the Design System the whole team has a view and a say on shaping how our product works. Without taking away the autonomy from the embedded UX designers.
The design guild
With a distributed team like this, it’s essential to maintain a close, open, and transparent team culture. To do this, we form a guild of designers across the whole organisation.
Maintaining an open, transparent design team culture is essential.
We have a team standup every morning at 10:17am where we share work in progress and discover how we can collaborate. We run a design team retrospective every 2 weeks to ensure we’re improving our design practice. We have bean bags near our UI designers that invite the embedded UX designers to hang around whenever they get the chance.
A distributed structure like this is most effective for the type of delivery we do at Envato. But maintaining an open, transparent guild is vital to ensure we have the right environment to do our best work — and have a great time at work every day.
This article was first publish on InVision Blog: Structuring a design team in an continuous delivery agile environment