The Bharanas of Amsayurdaya
The Amsayurdaya system is given to us by Satyacharya, and it involves finding out the Navamsa occupied by the Graha from Mesha Navamsa. In this scheme, each Graha can attain 12 years of Longevity depending on the Navamsa it occupies.
BPHS 43.18–19. Ańśayu. Now I will tell you about Ańśayu contributions by Lagna and Grahas. The years correspond to the number of Navāńśas, counted from Mesh. Multiply the longitude in question by 108. If the product exceeds 12, expunge multiples of 12 and consider the final product in Rāśis, degrees etc., as years, months etc.
Brhat Jataka 7.9b. Satyacharya says that each planet gives that term of life which is indicated by the navamsa he occupies. This seems to be approved of by many astrological experts.
Brhat Jataka 7.10. Convert the intended planet’s position into kalas; divide this by 200; the quotient, if divisable, divided by 12 represents years, etc.
Saravali 40.4. The longitudes (counted from Aries first point) of the (seven) planets and the Ascendant should be divided by 200 to get the number of years. The quotients in later processes should be multiplied by the respective multipliers to get months, days and Ghatis.
- The Bharanas are multiplier to the Aayu arrived at by counting the Graha Navamsas from Mesha Navamsa.
- The Factors causing the Multiplier 2 or 3 are (1) Exaltation, (2) Retrogression, (3) Vargottama, (4) Svakshetra, (5) Sva-Navamsa, (6) Sva-Drekkana
- 3 multiplier: This is applicable when the Graha is either (1) Exalted or (2) Retrograde.
- 2 multiplier: This is applicable when the Graha is either in (1) Vargottama, (2) Svakshetra, (3) Sva-Drekkana, or (4) Sva-Navāńśa
- BPHS has some differences, for instances, it suggests multiplier 3 for Svakshetra and leaves out Retrogression and Vargottama. I think this could be due to corruption of the text. I would recommend to follow Varhamihira, Kalyanavarma etc. as they are all aligned.
BPHS 43.22. Some scholars suggest further corrections for Ańśayu, viz. to increase threefold the contribution of a Graha in Exaltation, or in Own Bhava, and double the contribution, if the contributor is in his Sva-Navāńś, or in his Sva-Drekkana. If doubling and trebling is warranted, only trebling be done.
Saravali 40.6. The contribution made by a planet, that is in Vargottama, Svakshetra, Sva-Drekkana, or Sva-Navāńśa should be doubled. If it is retrograde, or in exaltation the figure should be trebled.
Brhat Jataka 7.11. A planet in exaltation or retrogression will give 3 times the term of his life. If he is in Vargottama or in his own house or navamsa or drekkana he gives double the period. This is the speciality named by Satyacharya.
Phaladeepika 22.18. If the planet be Retrograde or in Exaltation, this quotient has to be Trebled; If the planet be in his Sva-Rasi or Sva-Navamsa, Sva-Drekkana or Vargottama, the Ayurdaya has to be Doubled.
Horasara 7.xx. The multiplier is two, if the Graha is in its Sva-Navamsha, or Sva-Drekkana, or Sva-Rāśi, or Vargottama Navamsha. It is to be trebled, if it is in Retrograde motion, or in Exalted state. It should be halved, if the Graha is in fall.
- What if a Graha is simultaneously Exalted and Retrograde, Retrograde and Vargottama, Retrograde and Sva-Navamsa etc.? Does the multiplier apply more than once?
- Varahamihira clarifies that only the higher multiplier is applicable in circumstances where more than one multiples are applicable.
- However, Saravali does not agree Varahamihira’s recommendations. He provided the opinions of other masters such as Chudamani Acharya.
- Maharishi Parashara seems to be on Varahamihira’s side, he also says that if both doubling and trebling are warranted, then the higher among them should be applied.
- Mantresvara also supportive of the recommendations made by Maharishi Parashara and Varahamihira.
Brhat Jataka 7.13. Satyacharya’s system is excellent, but many have spoiled it by useless multiplication. Whenever two or three figures are to be multiplied, then multiply it by that figure which are presents the strongest factors.
Saravali 40.7. If a planet’s contribution gets doubled by virtue of position in Svakshetra, Sva-Navamsa etc. and further warrants trebling by virtue of retrogression/exaltation, the trebling should also be done. So say the learned.
Saravali 40.8. According to Chudamani Acharya, if a planet is in Angle contributions by each rectification shall be considered. If it is in Panaphara (2,5,8,11) only two multiplications be done. If it is in Apoklima (3,6,9,12) only one (i.e. the highest) should be taken.
Saravali 40.9. According to Varahamihira, if many multiplications are warranted, only the highest be considered. But this view is not acceptable to ancestors.
BPHS 43.22. If doubling and trebling is warranted, only trebling be done. In case of reductions also only halving is to be done, if both halving and reducing a third are required. That is how the final life-span of men be understood.
Phaladeepika 22.20. The rule of Satyacharya (Amsayu) is preferable. Rut some make the process inconsistent and unwarrantable by a series of multiplications. The dictum of the Acharyas is the following. (1) When several multiplications crop up, only One and that the highest, is to be gone through. (2) Again, when there are several reductions applicable (Shatrukshetra vs. Astangata), only one, and that the greatest should be made.
- In view of opinions of the leading scholars, I suggest following Maharishi Parashara, Varahamihira and Mantresvara’s recommendations i.e., to apply only one multiplier, if more than one are applicable.
Neecha Kshetra Harana
- In the Amsayurdaya, while the figures arrived through Navamsa calculation is to be Trebled or Doubled depending on Exalation etc., the figures are also halved, if the Grahas is in debility.
Horasara 7.xx. The multiplier is two, if the Graha is in its own Navamsha, or Dreshkana, or Rāśi, or Vargottama Navamsha. It is to be trebled, if it is in retrograde motion, or in exalted state. It should be halved, if the Graha is in fall.
Phaladeepika 22.18b.If the planet be Retrograde or in Exaltation, this quotient has to be Trebled; If the planet be in his Sva-Rasi or Sva-Navamsa, Sva-Drekkana or Vargottama Navamsa, the Ayurdaya has to be Doubled; if in Depression, it has to be reduced by half. If the planet be eclipsed, then also the reduction is half. But this last reduction will not apply to Venus and. Saturn.
- If the Lagna lord is very strong in the Rasi chart, then the years granted by Lagna will be based on the Rasi. For this count from Mesha Rasi onwards to the Rasi occupied by the Lagna. Then convert the rising degrees to month and days considering 30 degrees = 1 year.
- If however, the Navamsa Lagna lord is stronger (in the Rasi chart) than the Lagna lord, then the Lagnayu equals to the Navamsa covered by the Lagna. In the last Navamsa, the portion elapsed will give the months and days. Here 200’ (3º 20’) is considered as 1 year. So, firstly converting the Lagna degrees to arc-minutes. Then dividing by 200’ one gets the Navamsa covered. Here the quotient will indicate the full years, while the decimals or the fraction remaining need to be converted to Months and Days.
- For instance, if Lagna rising is 16º15’ in Makara, it is equivalent to 975’ (16*60+15). Dividing it by 200, we get 4.875 years. It means 4 years, 10 months and 15 days.
- If however, the Rasi is powerful, this becomes, 9 years (Mesha till Dhanu, 1 Rasi = 1 Year) + 0.54167 years. 16º15’ = 16.25. 16.25/30 = 0.54167 years = 6 months 15 days.
- Phaladeepika says that Satyacharya’s view is to take Navamsa method irrespective of the strength of the Lagna lord.
Brhat Jataka 7.12. Lagna gives similar number of years as it has advance in the navamsa. If it is very powerful it will give similar to the rasi. If a malefic is in lagna no deduction should be made on this account. Do not take the terms of life granted by the planets as stated before.
Saravali 40.5. If the Lagna is strong, the number of years equal to the Rāśis it has traversed should be added. Months etc. thereof should be guessed by rule of three method.
Phaladeepika 22.19b. The number of years contributed by the Lagna according to Satyacharya’s view corresponds to the number of its Navamsas that have risen. Even if the Lagna be strong or of medium strength, the same rule holds.
- My recommendation is to go with Satyacharya’s recommendation to use Navamsa, irrespective of the strength of the Lagna lord or the Navamsa Lagna lord.
Graha in Shatrukshetra and Astangata
- When a Graha is both affected by Shatrukshetra and Astanagata, only one of the reduction will be applicable, the higher among them.
- Mangal and Retrograde Grahas are exempted from the Shatrukshetra Harana. Similarly, Shukra and Shani are exempted from the Astangata Haranas as they are not impacted by Combustion.
- Astangata Graha loses 1/2 of their contribution, while Shatrukshetra Graha loses 1/3 of their contribution. When both of them apply to the same graha, the only the Astangata has to be taken and the Shatrukshetra Harana to be ignored.
Charkardha Harana and Astangata Harana
- When a Graha is affected by all the three Haranas viz., Chakrardha, Shatrukshetra and Astanagata, what happens?
- A Graha is not exempted from the Chakrardha Harana, just because it has Shatrukshetra and Astanagata Harana. The Chakrardha Harana will apply irrespective. However, only Astanagata Harana will apply among the remaining two.
- A Graha is exempted from Charkardha Harana only when it is posited in the same Bhava with another Graha, and the exemption rule applies to it. Refer to here in the section of Chakrapatha Harana.