The Troublemakers (Chidra Grahas)
One important aspect of Jyotish is to foresee various troubles coming to a person’s life and help him / her to cope with it. It is however, not a mean task to foresee the upcoming periods and predict in what areas of life, its going to have positive or negative impact. In most cases, it is a combination of positive results in some area of life, while negative results in some other. Its possible that, the native gets married or have a childbirth at some point and at the same time, forced to change one’s home.
Why it is difficult to foresee? Because the results manifesting in people’s life are a combination of multiple things such as (1) natural period in which a graha gives its results (2) the natural period in which a Bhava gives its results, (3) various dasa systems having a say on the results, (4) transits from both Janma Rasi and Janma Lagna having their say, (5) the age and stage of life of the person. The Jyotishi needs to balance multiple influences and pronounce their conclusion. Sometimes the predictions go wrong as it is extremely complex to assign different weights to various results and arrive at the final verdict.
For timing obstacles, challenges and danger to life of the native and others related to him, one should look out for certain dasas and antardasas that forebode evil. When both the Dasa and Antardasa indicate the dangers, the event is likely to happen. This is even more certain when the Bhava under consideration or its lord is afflicted during Transit. This can happen when (1) the Bhava is being transited by an inauspicious graha, (2) The Bhava lord occupies an inauspicious Rasi, or inauspicious Bhava, combust, defeated in Graha yuddha, occupying a Rasi Sandhi or under other weakness or afflictions.
Who are the troublemakers?
- Dispositor of Gulika: Whichever Rasi Gulika occupies, the lord of that Rasi becomes the prime creator of obstacles. Gulika represent the negative side of Shani. The Bhava occupied by Gulika or the dispositor of Gulika suffer troubles. Similarly the Bhava whose lord has conjoined with Gulika also suffers troubles.
- Graha conjoined with Gulika: The graha occupying the same Rasi as Gulika can cause troubles during its periods. The graha is capable of causing troubles irrespective of it being close or far from Gulika. Usually grahas need to placed within 12degrees for a conjunction to be effective.
- Dispositor of Mandi: Like Gulika, the dispositor of Mandi can cause troubles, however, Mandi is more intense than Gulika. If this dispositor is weak and afflicted, it can cause danger to life. Similarly the graha conjoined with Mandi should also be checked.
- Graha having low auspicious dots: The Graha having low auspicious dots in its own Bhinna-Ashtaka-Varga can be highly troublesome, if it is also weak due to its Rasi placement i.e., Neecha, Shatru Rasi or combusted by Surya, or defeated in a Graha Yuddha.
- Conjoined with a Papagraha: The Papagraha can be naisargika papagraha or functional papagraha. The functional papa-grahas are the Trishadaaya lord, Dusthana lord, 8th lord or Marakesha. If the naisargika papa-graha is a functional benefic, then after initial troubles, the end results is beneficial. On the other hand, if the naisargika Shubha graha is a functional malefic, the end results is going to be inauspicious, after initial period of enjoyment.
- Rasi Sandhi: A Graha occupying in the first or last degree of a Rasi suffer from this blemish. The blemish is even stronger in the last degree of the watery sign and 1st degree of the fiery sign. This goes by the name of Gandanta, which is a exhaustive topic and not covered here. However, irrespective of whether a Graha occupies a Gandanta or not, its placement in Rasi Sandhi can
- Bhava Sandhi: A Graha occupying in the first or last degree of a Bhava is supposed to be in Bhava Sandhi. Such graha is ineffective in causing any results due to its Bhava placement. The last degree can be derived at by adding or subtracting 15 degrees to the Ascendant degree. This applies to equal bhava system.
- Grahas occupying the 8th house: 8th house is the most damaging house of the horoscope, as it indicates LOSS OF LUCK represented by the 9th house. Why? It is the 12th house of loss from the 9th house of Good luck. It is the sum total of all the negative Karmas performed in past lives that one need to redeem in this life. Verily this is also the house of longevity, as the native needs to stay in this mortal world and undergo the suffering, till the time, the punishment of the negative karma are done. When naisargika papa-grahas occupy the 8th house, it can cause severe diseases, troubles due to debts, financial troubles or even bankruptcy. The grahas occupying the 8th should never be Neecha, else, the longevity is curtailed. If a Graha occupies the 8th in Uccha, Mula or Sva Rasi, the troubles are lesser. Chandra should never occupy the 8th house as it is highly inauspicious. Budha is the only graha, whose 8th house placement is said to be auspicious. In the horoscope of females, malefic in the 8th house can break the marriage and cause divorce or separation, provided the 12th is also afflicted. Note the natural and functional significations of the grahas occupying the 8th house. The native person will not be happy with respect to such significations. For instance, when 11th lord occupy the 8th house, the native may have prolonged period of debt. Also, there could be sudden calamities or mishaps affecting those significations. The situation is even more grave, when the graha is also weak of afflicted i.e., through conjunction, aspect of papa-kartari by naisargika papagrahas. The 8th house from both the Janma Lagna and Janma Rasi needs to be judged.
- Grahas aspecting the 8th house: The Grahas aspecting the 8th house will also behave to some extent as if they are occupying the 8th house. The results of aspect will have stronger impact, when the 8th house is vacant. When the graha occupying the 8th house takes up the mandate of punishing the native, the results due to aspects become feeble and inconspicuous. Even here, Shubha grahas aspecting the 8th house will remove the evil of the 8th house, while papagrahas will increase. The extent of evil is more when the 8th house is the house of Neecha or Shatru of the aspecting graha. Mutual aspect of Moon-Mercury or Saturn-Sun in the 2nd-8th axis can cause extreme suffering in the financial matters.
- 8th lord: The 8th lord takes the front seat in driving the troubles, when the 8th house is neither occupied or aspected. 8th house is the holder of the prang-energy and is called the Rudra. It becomes destructive when it is badly placed in a bad Rasi i.e., Neecha or Shatru. Under such circumstances, it saps out the prana-energy from the native and the native’s life is difficult to sustain. When occupying a bad Rasi and under bad yogas such as combustion, defeat in a graha yuddha, conjoined or aspected by naisargika papagrahas who are also inimical, papa-kartari yoga etc., the native can undergo untold suffering. In Which area? The area governed by the Bhava where the 8th lord is placed. The weakness and affliction of the 8th house can cause premature death of the native, while its strength can give long life.
- The grahas conjoining the 8th lord: According to the principle of conjunction, when two grahas conjoin (usually within 12 degrees), there is exchange of energies between the grahas. Under such cases, the evil is caused by not the evil graha, but the graha conjoining it. On the other hand, evil graha actually gives auspicious results. Thus, if a graha conjoins with the 8th lord, it will become instrumental in fulfilling the mandate of the 8th lord.
- The 22nd Drekkana Lord: The 22nd drekkana is also called the Khara Drekkana and it forebodes grave danger to the native. It is the Drekkana where the cusp of 8th house falls. It is actually very easy to find out for the equal house system. (1) When the Lagna rises in the 1st Drekkana, the 8th lord is the 22nd Drekkana lord. (2) When the Lagna rises in the 2nd Drekkana, the 12th lord is the 22nd Drekkana lord. (3) When the Lagna rises in the 3rd Drekkana, the 4th lord is the 22nd Drekkana lord.
- The 64th Navamsa: The 64th Navamsa also falls within the 22nd Drekkana and it is essentially the 4th lord from the Navamsa Lagna. Both the lords of 22nd Drekkana as well as 64th Navamsa needs to be evaluated for various troubles and danger in life. One should also note that a graha loses its potency to kill (or pose danger) when it is exalted or aspected by Strong and Pure Shubha graha. This needs to be assessed as well before pronouncing the judgement.
- The Adhishatru of Randhresha: In compound relationship, a Graha becomes adhishatru (extremely inimical) to the 8th lord when it is both naturally inimical as well as temporally inimical to the 8th lord. A graha becomes functionally inimical to another graha when it is placed in a Trine (1–5–9) or 6–7–8 from the other graha. For instance Surya and Shani are mutually inimical to each other. Say, for a Karka Lagna native, 8th lord is Shani occupies the 3rd house in Kanya. Surya is naisargika shatru of Shani and occupies the 7th from Shani i.e., Meena. Surya has become a Adhishatru of Shani and will be hell bent in destroying the significations of the 8th house. This Surya will be not only detrimental to longevity and pose danger to the native’s life.
Important note: The 8th/ 22nd Drekkana house principle should be judged from all the Bhavas, for timing dangers to people governed by various Bhavas. For instance for danger to father, one can consider 9th house as the temporary father’s lagna and check the grahas occupying the 8th house, aspecting the 8th house or conjoined the 8th house. Similarly, the 22nd Drekkana lord can also be found using the method laid above.
Phalita Martanda 16.2: The following are the Anishta Dasas, (1) The dispositor of Gulika, (2) Graha conjoining Gulika, (3) Graha having low auspicious dots in own Bhinnastakavarga and simultaneously occupying an inauspicious Rasi (Neecha, Shatru), Asta or defeated in planetary war, (4) Conjoined with a papa-graha (Shani, Rahu, Mangal, Surya), (5) Placed in Bhava Sandhi, (6) Placed in Rasi Sandhi or 1st/last Navamsa of a Rasi.
Phalita Martanda 16.3: The following are Nashakari (highly destructive) (1) Graha occupying the Randhra, 8th house, (2) Graha aspecting the 8th house (3) Randhresha, 8th lord, (3) Kharesha, lord of 22nd Drekkana, (5) The Dispositor of Mandi. They cause great pain, fear and suffering during their periods. If they are weak and afflicted, they can also cause danger to life.
Jataka Parijata: There are 7 Chidra grahas known as Sapta-Chidra grahas viz. (1) Randhresha, (2) Randhrayukta: Grahas occupying Randhra Bhava, (3) Randhradrsta: Grahas aspecting the Randhra Bhava, (4) Kharadhipa: lord of 22nd Drekkana, (5) Randhradhipayuta: Graha conjoined with the Randhresha, (6) Lord of 64th Navamsa, (7) Randhresvaratishatru: The adhi-shatru of Randhresha.
Notes on Gulika and Mandi
There is much debate and confusion about the computation of Gulika and Mandi. I don’t want to go into my thoughts on this matter, but stating which I use. In my view Gulika and Mandi are different as stated by Kalidasa, although they are interchangeably used by many. Kalidasa further on states that both are the children of Shani and are highly evil.
This is not a lesson on computation of Gulika and Mandi, hence my suggestion is to refer to any standard book such as Brhat Parashari Hora Shastra, Uttarakalamrita, Phaladeepika, Jataka Parijata, Sarvartha Chintamani etc.
- Gulika: According to Maharishi Parashara, when the Dinamana or Ratrimana is divided into 8 parts, 7 of them are governed by the 7 Vara grahas (nodes are excluded). The 8th part is lordless. Gulika rises at the beginning of Shani’s period. During Dina (Sunrise to Sunset), the order of the grahas governing the 7 parts in the weekday order starting from the weekday lord. During Ratri (Sunset to Sunrise), the order starts from the 5th from the weekday lord.
- Mandi: According to Kalidasa, the computation of Mandi is when the Dinamanda or Ratrimana are divided into 30 parts, during daytime, Mandi rises at the end of 26, 22, 18, 14, 10, 6 and 2 ghatikas on Sunday to Saturday. During nighttime, it rises at the end of 10, 6, 2, 26, 22, 18 and 14 ghatikas.
I recommend the following rules for commutation of Gulika and Mandi. I believe some people will not agree with me, however, its fine to have differences in opinions.
- Gulika: When the day or night duration is divided into 8 parts, the Gulika Rising time from Sunday to Saturday are: Daytime- 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0. Nighttime- 2, 1, 0, 6, 5, 4, 3.
- Mandi: When the day or night duration is divided into 30 parts, the Mandi Rising time from Sunday to Saturday are: Daytime- 26, 22, 18, 14, 10, 6, 2. Nighttime- 10, 6, 2, 26, 22, 18, 14.
Determine the Diva and Ratri Gulika and Mandi for the day of birth of the standard nativity. Note in the diagram, Mandi is not shown in the right location.
- Weekday : Sunday
- Sunrise : 05:31 = 05.5167
- Sunset : 18:10 = 18.1667
- Next Sunrise: 05:32 = 05.5333
- Dinamana : 18.1667–05.5167 = 12.65
- Ratrimana : 29.5333–18.1667 = 11.36
— — — — — — — — —
Gulika Rising time from Sunday to Saturday: Daytime- 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0. Nighttime- 2, 1, 0, 6, 5, 4, 3.
Mandi Rising time from Sunday to Saturday: Daytime- 26, 22, 18, 14, 10, 6, 2. Nighttime- 10, 6, 2, 26, 22, 18, 14.
— — — — — — — — —
Diva Gulika and Mandi
= Lagna rising at the end of 6th portion
= Dinamana / 8 * 6 + Sunrise time
= 12.65 / 8 * 6 + 5.5167
= 15.0042 = 15hrs
Lagna rising at 15hrs on that day and that location was 15°56’45” Dhanu. Hence Gulika is at 15°56’45” in Dhanu and Simha Navamsa.
— — — — — — — — —
= Lagna rising at the end of 26th portion
= Dinamana / 30 * 26 + Sunrise time
= 12.65 / 30 * 26 + 5.5167
= 16.4800 = 16hrs 29min
Lagna rising at 16hrs 29min on that day and that location was 08°34’ Makara. Hence Mandi is at 08°34’ in Makara Rasi and Meena Navamsa.
Ratri Gulika and Mandi
= Lagna rising at the end of 2nd portion
= Ratrimana / 8 * 2 + Sunset time
= 11.36 / 8 * 2 + 18.1667
= 21.0067 = 21hrs
Lagna rising at 21hrs on that day and that location will be the longitude of Ratri Gulika.
— — — — — — — — —
= Lagna rising at the end of 10th portion
= Ratrimana / 30 * 10 + Sunset time
= 11.36 / 30 * 10 + 18.1667
= 21.9533 = 21hrs 57min
Lagna rising at 21hrs 57min on that day and that location will be the longitude of Ratri Mandi.