Uttarakalamrta 1.4.2. The Grahas that diminish the Shubha Yoga mentioned in verse 1.4.1
Uttarakalamrta 1.4.2. One of the following ‘eight grahas’ diminish the auspicious results arising out the Shubha Yogas mentioned in previous verse (1.4.1). (1) Neecha Graha, (2) Graha defeated in Graha Yuddha, (3) Graha occupying Shatrukshetra, (4) Grahas having Yuti-Drsti of Papagrahas or under Papakartari yoga, (5) Graha conjoined with a Vakri graha, Surya (Asta) or Rahu, (6) Grahas in Bhava Sandhi, (7) Kshina Grahas (weak planets), (8) Dusthana lords conjoined with Kendradhipati or Konadhipati.
One of the following grahas when establishes Sambandha with the grahas mentioned in verse 1.4.1. can diminish the extent of good results arising out of them.
- The interpretation and results of verse 1.4.1 can be found here.
- Neecha Graha: When a Graha occupies its Neecha Rasi, it is considered of Zero Uccha Bala, hence considered weak and incapable of bestowing auspicious results. However, if it attains Neecha-bhanga, the results turn positive after initial challenges. The exact degrees of a Graha in Neecha Rasi is important. If the Graha has crossed the longitude of the deepest Neecha, then it is considered to be of gaining strength and it gets more and more auspicious with time. It is called Arohi Graha. However, if a Graha has lesser than the deepest longitude, it is a applying or Bhavishyat yoga (futuristic combination), which means, it is getting into its deepest debility point, hence the results get worsened with time. It is called Avarohi Graha.
- Grahas defeated in Graha Yuddha: Except Surya, Chandra and the Nodes, when the 5 Tara Grahas are within one degree in a Rasi, they are said to be in Graha Yuddha. The one who is in Northern Declination, is said to be the winner. The Declination can be determined by removing Ayanamsa from the sidereal position of a graha. The graha defeated in Graha yuddha loses its strength. The YuddhaBala is deducted from the Kalabala of the defeated Graha and added to that of the Victor. The resultant Kalabala is the final Kalabala used for all purposes. In computation of Kalabala for the use of Yuddhabala, the balas used are (1) Natonnata, (2) Paksha, (3) Tribhaga and (4) Abda-Masa-Vara-Hora bala. However, the Ayana Bala is excluded. Shukra is never defeated in Graha Yuddha and thus does not suffer this reduction. For more details, please refer to Shadbala computation here.
- Afflicted by Papagrahas: In the Shadbala computation, it is known that when a graha is aspected by Kruragrahas, there is reduction of their strength. However, nothing is said about conjunction or hemming between them. The same principle of aspect by grahas can be extended to the papa yuti (conjunction) or papa-kartari (hemming). The level of affliction is also dependent on the extent of negative energy imbibed into the papa-grahas. A graha that is weak due to its placement in neecha or shatru rasis is more capable of inflicting harm, as they have higher Tamas guna. On the other hand strong grahas i.e., those occupying Uccha, Sva, Mulatrikona, Mitra Rasi are endowed with higher Sattva guna, hence are less capable of inflicting harm.
- Grahas conjoined with Vakri graha, Surya or Rahu: While conjunction with Surya or combustion is a known principle, however, conjunction with a retrograde graha is not. Conjunction with Rahu is also known to be negative. Let’s examine the conjunction with a Vakri Graha. Vakri grahas indicate tremendous Rajas Guna as they indicate a mental stage of putting extreme energy to get over obstacles. Whenever a graha moves in a reverse direction, it requires much higher power as it is not in their nature to move in that direction. It is akin to climbing a steep mountain, an uphill task! So when any other graha conjoins with them, they sap their energy. It is said in verse 1.2.6 that when a graha conjoins a Vakri graha, its strength is half. It is difficult to decipher what this exactly means, but it could mean that a conjoined graha can lose half of its Chesta Bala (motional strength).
- Grahas in Bhava Sandhi: In the previous verse (1.4.1), it is mentioned that grahas nearing the Bhava-Madhya should be considered very capable of bestowing results pertaining to a Bhava. The reverse is when a graha is closer to the Bhava Sandhi. When a graha occupies last navamsa of a Bhava, and that to moving towards the Sandhi direction is considered to be weak, as the effect of the Graha on the Bhava is diminishing with time. This is to be considered specifically for Grahas that are auspicious for the Bhava. Here the direction is also important, as if the graha is moving away from its Sandhi position, the results are going to be stronger with time. The location of a Graha in Bhava Sandhi can be seen from the Navamsa with less effort. First determine Bhavamsa i.e., the Navamsa occupied by the Bhava Madhya. Then find out how far a graha is placed from the Bhavamsa. If it is place in 5th or 9th from the Bhavamsa, the graha is said to be in Bhava-sandhi. The Bhavamsa of houses 1, 5, 9 fall in the Navamsa Lagna, that of 2, 6, 10 fall in the 10th house from Navamsa Lagna, of 3, 7, 11 fall in 7th house, and of 4, 8, 12 in the 4th house.
- Kshina Grahas: Grahas occupying Neecha/ Shatru Rasi or Varga are considered to be weak. The grahas in Rasi Sandhi, particularly Gandanta are also considered weak. The more detailed strength can be calculated using the Shadbala principles. When a graha is weak and its strength is lesser than the threshold, then it is considered to be inauspicious.
- Conjunction of Dusthana lords with the Kendradhipati and Konadahipati: The Konadahipatis are auspicious grahas, akin to Guru. However, their auspiciousness is diminished when these lords are conjoined with Dusthana lords. Similarly strong Kendra lords occupying one of their own Rasis or the Kona Bhavas are considered as highly auspocious. Conjunction of Dusthana lords with them diminish their auspiciousness. In all conjunctions we have to observe the orb of conjunction, which can be seen from their navamsa placements. In the Navamsa, if the grahas occupy the same navamsa, their conjunction is said to be 75%-100%. If they in 2–12 from each other, the effectiveness is 50%-75%; in the 3–11, the effectiveness is 25%-50%, in the 4–10, the effectiveness is 12.5%-25% and in the 5–9, the effectiveness is 0–12.5%.