Understanding the time around us is also about perspective. To travel to the future and understand where we are going, it is necessary first to take two steps back and understand the story that has brought us here. Not surprisingly, one of the most renowned futurists today, Israeli Yuval Noah Harari, is also a history professor.
What is ‘’time”? According to philosopher Aristotle, time is the measure of change. And change is our only constant.
Defined by the physicist Carlo Rovelli as the greatest remaining mystery, until these days we cannot fully understand time. But it is definitely a subject that affects our daily lives. Psychologist Philip Zimbardo says that the way we orient ourselves towards the past, present and future drives our happiness and success. Author Daniel Pink shows that timing is really a science, and our lives are an endless stream of “when” decisions. The currency of the present time is no longer a currency, but time itself. Between approaches in philosophy, physics, psychology, and economics, understanding the intersections between these different lenses is necessary to develop a more holistic perspective on our relationship with time.
I have dedicated my last 5 years to research and study time. This subject accompanies me since my youth when I decided to start the graduation in Physics while studying Social Communication. This interest also remained latent when I quit that to dedicate myself only to the study of the social sciences. After all, the zeitgeist is a social manifestation of our collective perception of the time in which we live. And it is in this approach that I have since invested my creative, strategic and, more recently, entrepreneurial power.
Aster. Chronos. Kairos. Quantum.
From the moment our hunter-gatherer ancestors came together around the campfire to tell stories, we talked about time. As we observe the stars, the “Aster” time, a dance that we perceive to occur in a different rhythm from ours, here on earth; by observing nature, the “Chronos” time, the cycles and patterns that can be controlled, and which have allowed us to develop agriculture and with that the earliest civilizations beyond nomadism; and by looking at what exists within us, the subtle, subjective “Kairos” time, in which experiences occur and one hour may seem to take a year or a minute in what we call the flow state.
(And, yes, there is also the “Quantum” time, which shows us that time is ignorance. And it teaches us about our humanity. But this what we explore in our initiative called Temporal. But this is for another conversation. Send me a message on firstname.lastname@example.org if you want to be part of it.)
Temporal orientations in perspective
Psychologist Philip Zimbardo says that the way we orient ourselves in relation to the past, present, and future influences and drives our relationship with the reality around us. We turn to the future without knowing what we want from it and without taking into account what has already happened. This time-related myopia brings consequences such as lack of memory and the propensity to commit the same mistakes from the past.
To study time, an important moment in my journey was the realization that the history of our different peoples is hitherto older than the two millennia reminiscent of today. Kurzgesagt: the German term means “in brief” or “in a nutshell”. And it is also the name of a project created in 2013 and based in Munich focused on the production of educational videos in animation answering important questions of our time. Among the videos, one of them suggests we should challenge our current calendar and proposes to add 10,000 years to our count, using as a landmark one of the first great constructions of humanity, marking the beginning of human history.
We would, then, be in the year 12,019 HE — the calendar count of the Human Era.
Even the arrival of humanity to the present moment did not occur in a straight line. As we study nature, we understand that our evolution has happened and is happening through a complex succession of trials and errors, branches of a family tree with different species, in which we are only one of the fruits among the multiple branches. When I met Neil Harbisson — founder of the cyborg foundation and enthusiast of biomimetics — in a MESA, the work reinvented sprint method of FLAGCX, I was influenced to overflow the vision of transhumanism (H+) that is dedicated to widening the tomorrow of us, humans, to think in futures that go beyond the post-organic, even trans-species, since we are only one of the many species in evolution. We are not alone in the world.
Why is this important for a conversation about time? As the American educator Stephen Covey wrote, “we see the world not as it is, but as we are — or as we were conditioned to see it.” Understanding the time around us is also about perspective. To travel to the future and understand where we are going, it is necessary first to take two steps back and understand the story that has brought us here. Not surprisingly, one of the most renowned futurists today, Israeli Yuval Noah Harari, is also a history professor.
After a brief history of time, the focus here turns to the cultural context. I had experienced an immersion in my relationship with time through an experience guided by Inesplorato, a knowledge curatorship startup, who prepared me a special box on the subject. In it, an article planted in me a provocation, like a seed: why could we predict the invention of smartphones but not the entry of women into the workplace? “Futurism is living a cultural blindness”, journalist Tom Vanderbilt told me in an article signed on Nautilus Magazine in 2015.
“The only thing immutable in humans is its vocation for change, so the revolution will be permanent, contradictory, unpredictable, or it will not be,” said the Belgian-Argentine writer Julio Cortázar. “The clot-revolutions, the prefabricated revolutions, have within themselves their own negation, the future structure.” Technology is the basis of exponential thinking, essential to this area of study, and of great importance also for many of today’s innovations. But soon we understand that technology is a tool. It is ambiguous and analogous to its potential uses. To think of the future only through technology is only to feedback the current system. A process that begins with an end already defined. Controlled disruption. Masks of Techno-Capitalism.
There is also a change of ideologies and archetypes of the world going on. There are other possible realities that deserve our attention and energy. We believe in utopia as a horizon of displacement, as Eduardo Galeano said. “The utopia is there on the horizon. I approach two steps, it steps away from me two steps. I walk ten steps and the horizon runs ten steps. As much as I walk, I will never reach it. What is a utopia for? It is for this: so that I do not stop walking.” Observing the future is embracing the unpredictable. It is an invitation to a quest, inside and out, for a balance in our journey. We rethink, as individuals and as a society, our relationship with time.
Correcting our myopia about time
Daniel Pink in his book “When” shows us that in addition to the “how” manuals, our lives are an endless stream of “when” decisions. The currency of the present time is no longer a currency, but time itself. Our next steps as humanity will also depend on balance: between the different temporal perspectives; among the different areas of knowledge that are related; and among the various voices that need a place in this dialogue. The lenses of sociology and culture are also necessary from experts representing different peoples, origins, ethnicities.
The American intellectual George Santayana said, “Progress, far from consisting of change, depends on retention. When change is absolute, there is no being left to improve and no direction is set for possible improvement; and when the experience is not maintained, as among the savages, childhood is perpetual. Those who cannot remember the past are doomed to repeat it.” Studying time and its implications mean to consider roots and potentialities applied. Past and future, together, converging on possible presents.
In a world of constant and ever-changing transformations, we need to understand the lines that intersect and define the spirit of time around us, so that we do not lose the north nor the course of action. So far almost two years, I independently founded TORUS.
To understand the world, TORUS studies time. Change is our only constant. To be in connection with what exists and is full of life, among challenges and opportunities in the world, we study what is in transition, in process, in transformation. It is necessary to feel the world beyond what exists and to be open, now, to what the world becomes.
TORUS was designed to be a movement of an era yet to come. A guide between sociopolitical questions, philosophical questions, and answers that emerge from artistic, cultural and also technological expressions. That is why we understand the world from what it can become, not from what it is, and we translate the world as it happens.
Today we are a global network of people living in different places around the world. We believe it is possible to change the world by changing the way we relate to time. And we promote spaces in which this relationship can be rethought and re-signified. One of the projects we have invested a lot of dedication on, for example, is a learning experience called Zeitgeist Navigators, in which guidelines on challenges and opportunities for the 21st-century travelers are shared. Another project is our ongoing study group about time in which we host specialists weekly from the most diverse areas for a safe exchange space that feeds us. Also, we apply our studies as advisors on how to dialogue with the spirit of our time and potentialize the relationships that we are all building with the reality around us.
On the evening of March 14th, 012019, TORUS was invited by FLAGCX to held a meeting at CASTLE in São Paulo for a brief talk about time. How we can seek a more balanced relationship with it. In the encounter, amongst invited friends, we started from the most different perspectives and constructions about time — to both understand what has brought us to the present moment, and to understand the power of perception and temporal balance, we tried to translate some transformations that are shaping the scenarios of the future and that allows us to build better worlds.
FLAGCX is a platform that supports TORUS — as an independent movement — and also other connected initiatives to change our relationship with time. In the words of as well as Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben, “those who are truly contemporary do not perfectly coincide with their time and do not adapt to their demands. They are those who relate to time and adhere to it by disconnection.”
However, between the beginning and the end, it is also important to recognize that we are in the middle of a long process. And besides telling you mine and Torus’ perspective, I would love to hear: